Scotland in History (Part 2)

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 241

  • 1689-08-21 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • 1692-02-13 Glencoe Massacre : about 78 MacDonalds are killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
  • 1698-11-02 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony.
  • 1701-09-16 James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
  • 1707-01-16 The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1707-04-29 English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into being 1st May)
  • 1707-05-01 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1708-03-11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • 1715-09-06 Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland
  • 1715-11-13 Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
  • 1716-02-10 Scottish pretender to the throne James III Edward returns to France
  • 1745-02-18 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Inverness, Scotland
  • 1745-02-20 Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland
  • 1745-06-22 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1745-08-05 Jacobite Rising 1745: Jacobite forces capture British company of troops under Captain Scott
  • 1745-08-19 Jacobite Rising 1745 : Bonnie Prince Charlie, raises his standard at Glenfinnan, Scotland, igniting the second Jacobite rebellion.
  • 1745-08-31 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
  • 1745-10-14 French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1745-12-06 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreats to Scotland
  • 1745-12-17 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreats to Scotland
  • 1746-09-20 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • 1768-12-06 1st edition of "Encyclopedia Brittanica" published in Scotland
  • 1773-07-20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1786-06-29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1804-04-05 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
  • 1808-01-12 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1808-03-02 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1823-10-12 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1824-11-15 Series of fires kills 10 in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1825-01-03 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829-09-29 British Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel establishes London's Metropolitan Police - hence the nicknames "bobbies" and "peelers"

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1830-03-16 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1832-02-06 1st appearance of cholera in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1842-03-03 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
  • 1843-05-18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 1848-03-23 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1850-07-07 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
  • 1853-09-29 Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
  • 1858-04-16 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
  • 1859-03-21 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-07-09 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer).

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1869-11-23 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving
  • 1871-03-27 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 1872-11-30 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • 1876-03-25 Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
  • 1877-10-22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
  • 1879-12-28 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • 1881-03-12 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
  • 1883-07-03 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • 1883-10-04 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1887-09-30 Volunteer (US) beats Thistle (Scotland) in 8th America's Cup
  • 1888-10-31 Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre
  • 1890-03-04 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • 1897-05-29 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25
  • 1900-07-11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
  • 1902-04-05 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1904-04-05 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1911-05-09 Fire breaks out at Empire Theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1914-06-06 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • 1914-09-08 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • 1915-05-22 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna, Scotland)
  • 1915-12-30 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die
  • 1917-01-29 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; 32 of her crew died
  • 1918-01-31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1918-10-06 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • 1919-01-31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • 1922-10-17 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1923-02-24 Flying Scotsman goes into service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928-09-15 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1930-08-29 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 1938-09-27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • 1939-10-28 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland
  • 1941-05-10 Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland
  • 1942-10-22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 1942-11-03 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-09-05 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944-10-30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1945-01-16 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 1945-01-24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • 1948-10-21 Dutch Constellation crashes at Prestwick Scotland (40 murder)
  • 1949-12-19 Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland
  • 1950-12-25 Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland
  • 1951-07-02 Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
  • 1953-01-31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • 1958-08-18 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1960-03-28 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow, Scotland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-03-08 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from SC in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1964-09-04 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1966-02-09 The Government announces construction of a nuclear reactor on the North coast of Scotland
  • 1966-04-04 Pirate Radio Scotland changes name to Radio Ireland
  • 1967-05-31 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg
  • 1967-07-23 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1967-08-14 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
  • 1967-09-20 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland
  • 1969-12-18 House of Lords votes to abolish the death penalty in England, Wales and Scotland (Northern Ireland 25 July 1973)
  • 1970-02-11 John Lennon pays £1,344 fines for 96 protesting South African rugby team playing in Scotland
  • 1970-07-16 9th British Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1970-07-25 9th British Commonwealth Games close in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1971-01-02 A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66
  • 1971-03-09 Three off-duty Scottish soldiers are killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 4000 shipyard workers take to the streets to demand internment in response

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 655

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1759-01-25 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), born in Alloway, Scotland (d. 1796)

  • 1761-01-17 James Hall, Scotland, geologist
  • 1761-06-07 John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
  • 1761-10-27 Matthew Baillie, Shotts Manse Lanarkshire, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793)
  • 1763-10-27 William Maclure, Ayr, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map)
  • 1764-02-28 Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist
  • 1766-07-06 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born naturalist (d. 1813)
  • 1768-05-03 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (d. 1838)
  • 1768-09-23 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1771-06-20 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • 1771-08-15 Walter Scott, Scotland, novelist/poet (Lady of Lake)
  • 1771-09-20 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (Africa)
  • 1772-06-08 Robert Stevenson, civil engineer, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1773-04-06 James Mill, Scotland, philosopher/historian (Hist of British India)
  • 1774-11-24 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • 1776-12-29 Charles Macintosh, Scotland, patented waterproof fabric
  • 1779-05-02 John Galt, Scotland, novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)
  • 1780-03-17 Thomas Chalmers, 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • 1780-10-10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • 1781-12-11 David Brewster, Scotland, physicist/inventor (kaleidoscope)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1784-01-28 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1861)

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • 1784-02-20 Adam Black, politician/publisher, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1785-05-18 John Wilson, Scottish writer (d. 1854)
  • 1788-05-18 Hugh Clapperton, Annan Scotland, African explorer
  • 1792-02-19 Roderick Murchison, Muir of Ord Ross-shire, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system)
  • 1792-12-29 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian (History of Europe)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795-09-01 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), born in Keith, Scotland (d. 1872)

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • 1795-10-05 Alexander Keith, Scottish-born Canadian brewer (d. 1873)
  • 1795-11-09 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795-12-04 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1797-10-13 William Motherwell, Scottish civil servant/poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1797-11-14 Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), born in Kinnordy, Angus, Scotland (d. 1875)

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • 1799-07-25 David Douglas, Scottish botanist (d. 1834)
  • 1803-01-15 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1804-01-13 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • 1804-01-14 John Park, Scottish composer and minister, born in Greenock, Renfrewshire, (d. 1865)
  • 1808-08-19 James Nasmyth, Edinburgh, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer
  • 1811-06-07 James Young Simpson, Scotland, obsterician (used chloroform)
  • 1812-01-20 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1812-12-23 Samuel Smiles, Scotland, author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813-03-19 David Livingstone, Scottish explorer (found by Stanley in Africa), born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1873)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815-01-11 John A. Macdonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873 and 1878-1891), born in Glasgow, Scotland

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1817-04-19 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1819-01-03 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1819-07-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • 1820-07-05 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer and physicist (d. 1872)
  • 1821-03-15 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822-01-28 Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1873-78), born in Logierait, Scotland (d. 1892)

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
  • 1823-04-30 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), born in Ardencaple Castle, Dunbartonshire (d. 1990)
  • 1824-02-03 Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
  • 1824-09-30 Peter Milne, Scottish composer and violinist, born in Kincardine O'Neil (d. 1908)
  • 1824-12-10 George MacDonald, Scotland, sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie)
  • 1827-01-07 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1828-04-04 Margaret Oliphant, Scotland, novelist/biographer (Beleaguered City)
  • 1830-04-05 Alexander Muir, Lesmahagow Scotland, poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • 1831-03-31 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist
  • 1831-06-13 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (electromagnetic theory, speed of light)
  • 1831-09-13 Andrew Noble, Greenock, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics
  • 1834-03-16 James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1835-11-25 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland (d. 1919)

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1836-09-07 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1837-02-07 James Augustus Henry Murray, Scotland, created Oxford Dictionary

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838-04-21 John Muir, Scottish naturalist/discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1840-02-05 John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • 1840-03-31 Benjamin Baker, Frome Somerset, English Engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground
  • 1840-08-28 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant (d. 1900)
  • 1842-09-20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
  • 1843-06-01 Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • 1844-03-31 Andrew Lang, Scotland, author (The Blue Fairy Book)
  • 1844-09-28 Robert Stout, NZ Prime Minister (1884-87), born in Shetland Islands Scotland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1847-03-03 Alexander Graham Bell, inventor (telephone), born in Edinburgh, Scotland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1848-07-25 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1850-05-10 Thomas Johnstone Lipton, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1850-05-27 Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850-11-13 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author (Treasure Island), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1894)

  • 1851-08-17 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist and evangelist
  • 1852-05-24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1854-10-27 Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
  • 1855-03-27 Alfred Ewing [James Alfred Ewing], Dundee, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis)
  • 1856-09-23 William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess)
  • 1856-11-03 Jim McCormick, Scottish-born American baseball player, born in Glasgow (d. 1918)
  • 1857-05-15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • 1858-02-14 Joseph Thomson, Scotland, geologist (Thomson's gazelle)
  • 1859-02-13 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • 1859-03-08 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859-05-22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • 1860-05-03 John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860-05-09 J.M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), born in Kirriemuir, Angus (d. 1937)
  • 1860-08-03 W. K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (d. 1935)
  • 1860-08-19 John Kane, Scottish-born US primitivist painter (Self-Portrait)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860-11-21 Tom Horn, American gunman and outlaw, born in Scotland County, Missouri (d. 1903)

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • 1861-07-25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Anstruther Scotland, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault
  • 1861-11-10 Robert T A Innes, astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1864-02-06 John Henry Mackay, Scottish/German author/poet (Anarchists)
  • 1866-02-05 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • 1866-03-28 Jimmy Ross, Scottish footballer (d. 1902)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866-10-12 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1867-08-13 William A Craigie, Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur)
  • 1868-06-07 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator (d. 1928)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 344

  • 1721-12-13 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
  • 1726-07-08 John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1728-04-03 James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1729-03-21 John Law, Scottish financier, dies at about 57
  • 1732-05-20 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
  • 1734-03-21 Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1734-12-28 Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero and outlaw, dies at 63

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1742-04-02 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1746-02-04 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46
  • 1746-12-06 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)
  • 1747-05-09 John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and diplomat (b. 1673)
  • 1748-08-27 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule, Britannia), dies at 47
  • 1750-05-03 John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
  • 1752-11-06 Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
  • 1754-06-02 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • 1757-01-19 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1757-03-08 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
  • 1758-01-07 Allan Ramsay Sr, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • 1758-10-14 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1761-04-15 Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
  • 1761-12-23 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy
  • 1766-09-03 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • 1767-07-15 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (b. 1746)
  • 1768-06-15 James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)
  • 1768-10-01 Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1770-11-09 John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1774-10-16 Robert Fergusson, Scottish songwriter (Scottish Poems), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1776-08-25 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), dies of abdominal cancer at 65

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume
  • 1782-12-27 Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
  • 1783-03-30 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
  • 1784-08-10 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter and artist (b. 1713)
  • 1785-01-23 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1788-06-18 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (b. 1714)
  • 1788-10-15 Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1788-12-25 John Logan, Scottish conductor (Ode to the Cuckoo), dies at about 40
  • 1790-02-05 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1790-07-17 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1792-03-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63
  • 1793-03-20 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • 1795-05-19 James Boswell, Scottish biographer (b. 1740)
  • 1796-01-13 John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • 1796-02-17 James Macpherson, Scottish writer and poet, dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1796-07-21 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), dies at 37

  • 1796-10-07 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
  • 1799-05-26 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • 1799-12-06 Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71
  • 1800-12-27 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (b. 1718)
  • 1803-08-18 James Beattie, Scottish poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1805-08-28 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), dies at 83
  • 1806-02-20 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • 1807-05-18 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (b. 1721)
  • 1808-09-05 John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • 1809-10-08 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist (b. 1721)
  • 1811-05-05 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • 1813-08-23 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (b. 1766)
  • 1813-12-19 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
  • 1816-02-22 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian, dies at 92
  • 1819-07-20 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819-08-19 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), dies at 83

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1819-11-15 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (b. 1749)
  • 1821-10-04 John Rennie, Scottish engineer (b. 1761)
  • 1823-09-23 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scot philosopher (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1831-09-08 John Aitken, Scottish-born music publisher (b. 1745)
  • 1832-06-23 James Hall, Scottish geologist (b. 1761)
  • 1832-09-21 Walter Scott, Scottish attorney/poet/writer (Ivanhoe), dies
  • 1834-09-02 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1836-06-23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, (b. 1773)
  • 1838-10-01 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
  • 1839-04-11 John Galt, Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • 1839-05-17 Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
  • 1840-03-23 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), dies at 76
  • 1841-06-01 David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • 1842-10-30 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • 1842-12-07 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
  • 1843-04-28 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies
  • 1843-07-25 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (b. 1766)
  • 1845-12-03 Gregor MacGregor, Scottish con-man (b. 1786)
  • 1847-05-31 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish pastor (b. 1780)
  • 1849-03-05 David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
  • 1850-05-24 Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 1852-09-04 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
  • 1854-04-19 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • 1857-07-29 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • 1859-09-19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • 1860-03-25 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1862-12-20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • 1867-05-23 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74
  • 1871-10-22 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • 1872-06-16 Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • 1873-09-17 Alexander Berry, Scottish adventurer (b. 1781)
  • 1874-11-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • 1877-08-12 James Drummond, Scottish historical painter, (b. 1816)
  • 1878-06-06 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
  • 1879-11-05 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (speed of light), dies at 48
  • 1880-04-13 Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
  • 1889-05-18 Isabella Glyn Dallas, Scottish Shakepearean actress (b. 1823)
  • 1890-05-07 James Nasmyth, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer, dies at 81
  • 1892-03-01 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1892-11-15 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish serial killer, is executed at 42