Uruguayan History

Uruguay: Montevideo

Historical Events

  • 1807-02-03 A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • 1811-05-18 Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas.
  • 1825-04-19 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1825-08-25 Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • 1828-08-27 Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
  • 1833-07-24 HMS Beagle departs Maldonado Uruguay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833-11-20 Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1866-10-22 Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • 1913-03-17 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • 1914-08-05 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • 1930-07-13 1st-ever football (soccer) World Cup competition begins in Uruguay
  • 1930-07-30 Uruguay beats Argentina 4-2 for association football's 1st FIFA World Cup in Montevideo
  • 1939-12-17 German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
  • 1945-12-18 Uruguay joins the United Nations
  • 1950-07-16 FIFA World Cup: Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1951-07-18 Uruguay accepts its constitution
  • 1960-07-16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
  • 1962-01-21 JFK arrives in Uruguay
  • 1966-11-27 Uruguay adopts constitution
  • 1967-07-10 Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1972-10-13 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)
  • 1973-06-27 Uruguay suspends constitution
  • 1973-06-27 The President of Uruguay dissolves Parliament and heads a coup d'état.
  • 1977-08-09 The military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.
  • 1980-11-30 Uruguay's new constitution rejected by referendum
  • 1984-11-25 Julio M Sanguinetti wins Uruguay presidential election
  • 1989-11-26 Luis Alberto Lacalle becomes President of Uruguay
  • 1989-11-27 Luis Alberto Lacelle elected president of Uruguay
  • 1990-03-01 Luis Alberto Lacelle sworn in as president of Uruguay
  • 1992-06-30 Total solar eclipse in Uruguay (5m21s)
  • 1994-11-27 Julio Maria Sanguinetti elected president of Uruguay
  • 1995-03-01 Julio Maria Sanguinetti sworn in as president of Uruguay
  • 1997-10-10 Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74
  • 2010-07-02 FIFA World Cup: Ghana's Black Stars, the only African team standing in the Quarter Finals of the FIFA 2010 World Cup in South Africa, are defeated by Uruguay
  • 2013-04-02 Uruguay passes legislation to legalize same-sex marriage
  • 2013-12-10 Uruguay becomes the first country to legalize the growth, sale, and use of marijuana
  • 2014-11-30 Tabaré Vázquez is re-elected President of Uruguay
  • 2015-12-26 Floods in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay displace 150,000, blamed on El Nino

Famous Birthdays

  • 1764-06-19 Jose Gervasio Artigas, general/father of Uruguay
  • 1790-09-20 Francisco Acuna the Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas)
  • 1792-08-26 Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
  • 1858-05-21 Jose Battle Ordonez, Uruguay, politician
  • 1860-08-16 Jules Laforgue, Uruguay, French poet (Les Complaintas)
  • 1875-01-17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • 1876-02-26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • 1878-12-31 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan author/poet (El Crimen del Otro)
  • 1884-05-21 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • 1886-10-24 Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco)
  • 1898-12-24 Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1967)
  • 1900-07-25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola)
  • 1901-05-24 José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (d. 1968)
  • 1918-01-28 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • 1920-09-14 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist and poet, born in Paso de los Toros, Uruguay (d. 2009)
  • 1923-02-23 Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
  • 1926-06-18 Patricia Hutchinson, British ambassador (Uruguay)
  • 1927-10-25 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1929-07-31 José Santamaria, Uruguayan footballer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935-05-20 José Mujica, President of Uruguay (2010-2015), champion of the poor and former urban guerrilla with the Tupamaros, born in Montevideo

President of Uruguay José Mujica
President of Uruguay
José Mujica
  • 1936-01-06 Julio Maria Sanguinetti Cairolo, president of Uruguay (1985-90, 95- )
  • 1936-03-10 Alfredo Zitarrosa, Uruguayan Vocals and journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1938-12-03 Jose Serebrier, Montevideo Uruguay, conductor/composer (Star Wagon)
  • 1940-09-03 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, born in Montevideo
  • 1945-02-14 Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Piriápolis, Uruguay, football goalkeeper, (d. 2013)
  • 1949-12-09 Nando Parrado, Uruguayan plane crash survivor
  • 1961-11-12 Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1964-09-21 Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer and composer
  • 1967-08-04 Marcelo Filippini, Uruguay, tennis star
  • 1967-11-15 Gustavo Poyet, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1970-09-29 Nicolas Pereira, Salto Uruguay, tennis pro
  • 1971-06-25 Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect
  • 1972-01-22 Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)
  • 1972-11-02 Darío Silva, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1972-12-21 Erwin Schrott, Uruguayan opera singer
  • 1975-12-01 Sandra Maidana, Miss Universe-Uruguay (1996)
  • 1976-02-13 Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist
  • 1976-03-17 Álvaro Recoba, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-04-27 Walter Pandiani, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-06-25 José Cancela, footballer, Santa Lucía, Uruguay
  • 1976-07-19 Gonzalo de los Santos, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-08-28 Federico Magallanes, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-10-17 Sebastián Abreu, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-11-23 Adriana Cano Garcia, Miss Uruguay Universe (1997)
  • 1977-05-11 Pablo García, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1978-04-06 Martin Mendez, Uruguayan-born Bassist (Opeth)
  • 1978-05-14 Gustavo Varela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1978-12-05 Marcelo Zalayeta, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979-02-14 Pablo Pallante, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979-05-19 Diego Forlán, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979-10-09 Gonzalo Sorondo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979-10-11 Gabe Saporta, Uruguayan-born American musician (Cobra Starship, Midtown)
  • 1979-12-26 Fabián Carini, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1983-07-18 Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1983-09-05 Pablo Granoche, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1984-06-13 Nery Castillo, Mexican-Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985-10-15 Walter López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1986-06-16 Fernando Muslera, Uruguayan footballer

Famous Deaths

  • 1850-09-23 José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • 1862-08-06 Francisco Acuna de Figueroa, Uruguay national anthem, dies at 71
  • 1914-07-06 Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet, murdered at 27
  • 1917-05-01 Jose E Rodo, Uruguayan writer (Motivos de proteo), dies
  • 1920-11-22 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884)
  • 1921-06-18 Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Uruguay writer (Nativa, Lanza y Sable), dies
  • 1937-03-19 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan author/poet, commits suicide at 58
  • 1967-04-04 Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)
  • 1968-06-17 José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1901)
  • 1976-05-20 Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan politician, member of the Christian-Democrat party, and Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz "disappeared"
  • 1994-05-30 Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguayan writer (La vida breve), dies at 85
  • 1999-09-11 Gonzalo Rodriguez, Uruguayan auto racing driver (b. 1972)
  • 2004-02-22 Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1917)
  • 2005-03-04 Carlos Sherman, Uruguayan-born writer (b. 1934)
  • 2009-05-17 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet, dies from respiratory and intestinal problems at 88
  • 2013-01-02 Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Uruguayan football player, dies from a respiratory illness at 67
  • 2015-04-13 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, dies at 74