Arizona in History

Historical Events

  • 1848-02-02 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1848-05-30 Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853-06-24 Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1856-11-17 On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1861-02-13 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
  • 1861-03-16 Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862-01-18 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1863-02-24 Arizona Territory created
  • 1868-06-01 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 1871-04-30 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881-10-26 Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp
Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1911-02-06 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona
  • 1912-02-14 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • 1912-07-19 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
  • 1912-11-05 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • 1917-07-12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1919-02-26 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • 1929-01-20 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
  • 1929-02-08 KOY-AM in Phoenix Arizona begins radio transmissions
  • 1930-03-04 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935-09-30 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by FDR

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1953-07-26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid.
  • 1960-03-15 National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-03-25 Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1968-04-18 London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
  • 1970-09-04 -5) 29.0 cm rainfall at Workman Creek, Arizona (state record)
  • 1971-12-27 1st Fiesta Bowl: #8 Arizona State beats Florida State, 45-38
  • 1972-12-23 2nd Fiesta Bowl: #15 Arizona State beats Missouri, 49-35
  • 1973-12-21 3rd Fiesta Bowl: #10 Arizona State beats Pittsburgh, 28-7
  • 1975-12-26 5th Fiesta Bowl: #7 Arizona State beats #6 Nebraska, 17-14
  • 1977-12-25 7th Fiesta Bowl: #8 Penn State beats #15 Arizona State, 42-30
  • 1979-12-25 9th Fiesta Bowl: #10 Pittsburgh beats Arizona, 16-10
  • 1981-04-22 Largest US bank robbery in Tucson Arizona, more than $3.3 million stolen
  • 1983-01-01 12th Fiesta Bowl: #11 Arizona State beats #12 Oklahoma, 32-21
  • 1985-12-09 Phoenix, Arizona, gets 3" of snow
  • 1987-01-01 73rd Rose Bowl: #7 Arizona State beats #4 Michigan, 22-15
  • 1988-01-20 Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham
  • 1988-02-05 Arizona House of Reps vote to impeach Republican Gov Evan Mecham
  • 1989-07-20 93°F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1990-06-25 120°F in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1990-06-26 122°F in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1991-09-26 2 year experimental Biosphere 2 in Oracle Arizona begins
  • 1994-01-01 23rd Fiesta Bowl: #16 Arizona beats #10 Miami, 29-0
  • 1995-03-19 Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new telephone area code 520
  • 1997-01-01 83rd Rose Bowl: #4 Ohio State beats #2 Arizona State, 20-17
  • 1997-03-13 The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. They are now a hotly debated controversy.
  • 1997-03-31 59th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Arizona beats Kentucky 84-79 (OT)
  • 1997-11-18 Arizona Diamondbacks & Tampa Bay Devil Rays expansion draft
  • 1999-02-24 The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany's legal action to attempt to save him.
  • 2000-04-08 Nineteen US Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona
  • 2001-04-02 63rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Arizona 82-72
  • 2001-11-04 MLB World Series: Arizona Diamondbacks defeat New York Yankees to win 4-3
  • 2004-05-18 Arizona Diamondbacks' Randy Johnson becomes 16th pitcher to throw a perfect game (2-0 vs Atlanta)
  • 2007-07-27 two News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there were no survivors. Worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.
  • 2011-01-08 Attempted assassination of Arizona congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store kills 6 and wounds 13, including Giffords
  • 2013-06-30 19 fire fighters are killed controlling a wildfire in Yarnell, Arizona
  • 2014-12-31 44th Fiesta Bowl: #20 Boise State beats #10 Arizona, 38-30

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015-02-01 Super Bowl XLIX: New England Patriots defeat the Seattle Seahawks 28-24 at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. MVP: Tom Brady who becomes only the 3rd quarterback to win 4 Superbowls.

NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady

Famous Birthdays

  • 1889-03-29 Warner Baxter, actor (In Old Arizona, Cisco Kid), born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1889-11-09 Snub Pollard, Australian actor (Don't Shove, Arizona Days), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1890-04-17 Art Acord, Glenwood Sevier UT, western actor (Arizona Kid, Hard Fists)
  • 1891-02-12 Max Terhune, actor (Arizona Stagecoach, Hit the Saddle, Range Justice)
  • 1891-02-26 Alan Bridge, PA, actor (North of Arizona, Badmen of the Hills)
  • 1911-02-20 Robert Guyn McBride, composer (Mexican Rhapsody), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1920-11-13 Jack Elam, Miami, Arizona, American actor (The Dakotas, East Street, Rio Lobo)
  • 1922-04-22 Charles Mingus, Arizona, jazz bassist (Pithecanthropus Erectus)
  • 1922-06-10 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), born in Globe, Arizona (d. 2016)
  • 1925-09-26 Marty Robbins, American country singer (Devil Woman, I Walk Alone), born in Glendale, Arizona (d. 1982)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927-03-31 Cesar Chavez, American farm labor leader (United Farm Workers), born in Yuma, Arizona (d. 1993)

Farm Labor Leader Cesar Chavez
Farm Labor Leader
Cesar Chavez
  • 1930-09-30 Ben Cooper, actor (Rose Tattoo, Outcast, Arizona Raiders), born in Hartford, Connecticut

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931-08-23 Barbara Eden, American actress (Dream of Jeannie), born in Tucson, Arizona

Actress Barbara Eden
Barbara Eden
  • 1932-06-14 Joe Arpaio, sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona
  • 1936-05-10 Jayne Cortez, Fort Huachuca, Arizona, poet (I see Chano Pozo), (d. 2012)
  • 1936-08-29 John McCain, (Rep-R-Arizona, 1983-86)
  • 1941-10-28 Curtis Lee, American singer (Pretty Little Angel Eyes), born in Yuma, Arizona (d. 2015)
  • 1942-04-25 Jon Kyl, Oakland, Nebraska, US Senator (Rep-R-Arizona)
  • 1943-06-28 Ed Pastor, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1946-07-15 Linda Ronstadt, singer (Dif Drum)/actress (Pir of Penzance), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1948-05-26 Stevie [Stephanie] Nicks, American singer songwriter (Fleetwood Mac, Bella Donna), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1949-03-23 Karen English, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1955-01-07 Sandra Bernhard, Arizona (Follow That Bird, King of Comedy)
  • 1955-05-22 Sam Coppersmith, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1958-09-13 Ann Dusenberry, actress (Jaws 2, Lies, Basic Training), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1958-12-30 Steven L Smith, Phoenix Arizona, astronaut (STS 68, 82)
  • 1959-03-19 Shelley Burch, actress (One Life to Live, Identity Crisis), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1961-09-28 Ed Vosberg, pitcher (Texas Rangers), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1964-04-14 Jim Grabb, tennis star, born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1969-07-15 Christina Novak, Miss Arizona USA (1996)
  • 1969-12-22 Marcie Aguilar, female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1970-03-22 Jason Rouser, 200m/400m runner, born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1970-10-12 Kimberly Hoskins, Yuma Arizona, Miss Arizona-America (1991)
  • 1971-08-11 Julie Anne Clark, playmate (Mar, 1991), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1972-08-24 Kurt Miller, pitcher (Florida Marlins), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1973-07-30 Cara Jackson, Chandler Arizona, Miss America-Arizona (1996)
  • 1973-10-10 Jessica Shahriari, Miss USA-Arizona (1997)
  • 1974-02-09 Amber Valletta, Phoenix, Arizona, American actress and model (Hitch, Revenge)
  • 1975-05-25 Adam Saathoff, running target (Olympics-1996), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1975-08-05 Erin Gingrich, Yuma Arizona, Miss America-Arizona (1997)
  • 1976-01-19 Sky Christopherson, cyclist (Olympics-96), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1977-11-19 Kerri Strug, gymnast (Olympics-gold-96), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1979-07-18 Julie Gulbrandsen, Miss Arizona Teen USA (1997)
  • 1980-02-01 Courtney Hamilton, Miss Arizona Teen USA (1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1988-11-06 Emma Stone, American actress (Superbad, The Amazing Spider-Man), born in Scottsdale, Arizona

Actress Emma Stone
Emma Stone
  • 1989-12-22 Jordin Sparks, American singer and American Idol winner, born in Phoenix, Arizona

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1937-02-18 Actress Mary Astor (30) weds film editor Manuel del Campo (23) in Yuma, Arizona

Actress Mary Astor
Mary Astor

HeartWedding of Interest

1940-12-31 Actress Bette Davis (32) weds New England innkeeper Arthur Farnsworth at 15,000-acre ranch in Lake Montezuma, Arizona

Actress Bette Davis
Bette Davis

HeartWedding of Interest

1949-06-11 Actress Hattie McDaniel (54) weds interior decorator Larry Williams in Yuma, Arizona

  • 1955-03-17 Erotic writer Anaïs Nin marries actor Rupert Pole at Quartzsite, Arizona, while still married to her first husband
  • 1957-12-28 "Rebel Without A Cause" actress Natalie Wood (19) weds actor Robert Wagner (27) at Scottsdale United Methodist Church in Scottsdale, Arizona
  • 2004-09-03 "Baywatch" actress Gena Lee Nolin (32) weds NHL hockey player Cale Hulse (30) at the Royal Palms Resort in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 2005-11-05 2004 Indianapolis 500 racecar driver winner Buddy Rice (29) weds Michelle Noonan in Arizona
  • 2005-11-19 Indianapolis 500 racer Danica Patrick (23) weds physical therapist Paul Hospenthal in Scottsdale, Arizona
  • 2011-08-18 American Idol's first-ever blind finalist Scott MacIntyre (26) weds Christina Teich in Scottsdale, Arizona

HeartWedding of Interest

2013-01-04 Former World Middleweight champ Jake LaMotta (90) weds his longtime fiancée Denise Baker (62) in Bisbee, Arizona

World Middleweight Boxing Champion Jake LaMotta
World Middleweight Boxing Champion
Jake LaMotta
  • 2014-03-15 "Today" show anchor Savannah Guthrie (42) weds public relations Michael Feldman (45) at the Ritz Carlton Dove Mountain Resort in Tucson, Arizona

Famous Deaths

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916-11-12 Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer, founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona (b. 1855)

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Percival Lowell
  • 1962-01-19 Snub Pollard, actor (Limelight, Arizona Days), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1966-02-17 Gail Kane, actress (White Sister, Arizona), dies at 81
  • 1976-06-13 Don Bolles, US journalist (against Arizona), dies
  • 1978-01-29 Tim McCoy, American actor (Arizona Bound) and soldier, dies at 86
  • 1978-03-04 Wesley Bolin, former Governor of the U.S. State of Arizona (b. 1909)
  • 1989-01-16 Trey Wilson, actor (Bull Durham, Twins, Raising Arizona), dies
  • 1990-04-15 Henry Kendrick, American actor (Raising Arizona) dies at 56
  • 1998-05-29 Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)
  • 2016-09-15 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), dies at 94