Louisiana in History

Historical Events

  • 1682-04-09 Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1716-06-06 1st slaves arrive in Louisiana
  • 1718-08-25 Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans founded
  • 1762-11-03 Spain acquires Louisiana
  • 1766-03-05 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French
  • 1788-03-21 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans Louisiana
  • 1800-10-01 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1803-04-30 US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • 1803-07-04 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people
  • 1803-10-20 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1803-11-30 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1803-12-20 French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark formal transfer of Louisiana Purchase from France to US for $27M
  • 1804-03-26 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804-03-26 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • 1804-05-17 Lewis & Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase
  • 1805-03-03 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
  • 1811-01-08 Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • 1811-01-10 Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes
  • 1812-04-30 (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 1812-06-04 Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
  • 1814-12-14 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • 1831-12-25 Louisiana & Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas as holiday
  • 1835-03-03 Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
  • 1855-03-15 Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 1856-08-10 Hurricane washes away 2-300 revelers at Last Island, Louisiana
  • 1858-06-21 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • 1861-01-26 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1861-01-31 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)
  • 1861-02-05 Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress (US Civil War)
  • 1862-05-12 Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1862-11-03 Battle until the 5th November between gunboats at Bayou Teche, a waterway in Louisiana
  • 1863-01-14 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • 1863-04-12 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • 1863-05-21 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins
  • 1863-11-03 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War
  • 1864-03-10 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • 1864-03-14 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1864-03-21 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • 1864-04-02 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • 1864-05-01 -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
  • 1864-05-03 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
  • 1868-04-16 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 1868-06-13 Oscar J Dunn (a black) is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
  • 1868-07-13 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
  • 1868-09-28 Opelousas Massacre at St Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • 1868-10-30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • 1868-11-03 First black US Congressman elected (John W Menard, Louisiana)
  • 1869-02-23 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • 1873-01-13 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
  • 1873-04-13 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1890-01-02 Record 19'2" alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny
  • 1890-05-12 Louisiana legalized prize fighting
  • 1898-05-12 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • 1899-02-13 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • 1902-06-28 Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1904-04-20 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
  • 1935-06-12 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana spoke continually for 15½ hours in Senate's longest speech on record (150,000 words)
  • 1936-08-10 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1940-05-28 Irving Berlin's musical "Louisiana Purchase" premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • 1944-05-09 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1955-03-03 Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1957-06-27 Hurricane Audrey, kills 526 in Louisiana & Texas
  • 1959-05-25 US Supreme Courtt rules Louisiana prohibiting black-white boxing unconstitutional
  • 1959-06-18 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.
  • 1962-08-28 55.9 cm rainfall at Hackberry, Louisiana (state record)
  • 1964-01-29 Most lopsided high-school basketball score 211-29 (Louisiana)
  • 1965-09-08 Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida
  • 1965-09-12 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1969-08-17 Hurricane Camille strikes US coastline and kills 259 people (mainly in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana)
  • 1970-01-27 1970 NFL Draft: Terry Bradshaw from Louisiana Tech first pick by Pittsburgh Steelers
  • 1971-06-21 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert, McCrea Louisiana
  • 1971-08-11 Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
  • 1975-08-03 Louisiana Superdome is dedicated
  • 1975-08-09 1st NFL game in Louisiana Superdome, Houston beats Saints 13-7
  • 1982-01-29 Old Dominion ends Louisiana Tech's women's basketball rec 54-game win streak
  • 1990-04-16 Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977
  • 1991-06-08 College World Series: Louisiana State defeats Wichita State 6-3
  • 1996-02-02 Ali Landry, 22, (Louisiana), crowned 45th Miss USA
  • 1996-08-10 Parlisha Williams (Louisiana) crowned Ms Black USA Metroplex
  • 2005-06-01 The longest oil/natural gas explosion in the Houston, Texas area occurs in Crosby, Texas. The drill was owned by the Louisiana Oil and Gas Company.
  • 2005-08-29 Hurricane Katrina makes its 2nd landfall as a category 3 hurricane devastating much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to Florida Panhandle. Kills more than 1,836, causes over $115 billion in damage.
  • 2005-09-24 Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana.
  • 2016-07-06 African American Alton Sterling is shot by Louisiana police in Baton Rouge, while being restrained on the ground, the killing is filmed
  • 2016-08-17 Flood waters recede in Louisiana leaving 13 dead and damaging 4,000 homes

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 159

  • 1643-12-22 Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, France, French explorer (Louisiana)
  • 1837-05-10 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • 1837-06-22 Paul Morphy, greatest chess player of all time (1857-61), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1865-12-19 Minnie Maddern Fiske, actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867-12-23 Madame C. J. Walker, Louisiana, cosmetic mogul (Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), (d. 1919)

Cosmetics Mogul Madame C. J. Walker
Cosmetics Mogul
Madame C. J. Walker
  • 1867-12-23 Sarah Breedlove, Delta Louisiana, (Madam C. J. Walker), daughter of slaves & 1st US female self-made millionaire (hair straightner)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888-01-20 Lead Belly, Louisiana, blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line), (d. 1949)

Blues Musician Lead Belly
Blues Musician
Lead Belly
  • 1890-01-05 Cora Witherspoon, actress (Bank Dick), dies, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1890-10-20 Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton, jazz pianist/composer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1895-12-07 Jack Pennick, Portland OR, actor (Lady From Louisiana)
  • 1897-06-03 Memphis Minnie, blues musician, born in Algiers, Louisiana (d. 1973)
  • 1899-09-11 Jimmie Davis, Quitman, Louisiana, American singer and songwriter (You Are My Sunshine)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901-08-04 Louis Armstrong, American jazz trumpeter and singer (Hello Dolly), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1971)

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902-10-13 Arna Bontemps, American poet (100 years of negro freedom), born in Alexandria, Louisiana (d. 1973)

  • 1905-01-13 Percy Humphrey, American jazz trumpet player and bandleader, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1995)
  • 1906-07-17 John Carroll, [Julian LaFaye], actor (Wolf Call), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1907-12-03 Connee Boswell, singer (Pete Kelly's Blue), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1908-08-30 Willie Bryant, singer (Sugar Hill Times), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1910-09-03 Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1911-10-26 Mahalia Jackson, gospel singer (Whole World in his Hands), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Gospel Singer Mahalia Jackson
Gospel Singer
Mahalia Jackson
  • 1913-07-05 Smiley Lewis, Louisiana, vocalist (I Hear You Knockin')
  • 1914-11-02 Ray Walston, actor (My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1914-12-10 Dorothy Lamour, [Mary Kaumeyer], actress and singer (Road to Bali), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1918-04-14 Mary Healy, actress (2nd Fiddle, He Married his Wife), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1918-12-19 'Professor Longhair' Henry Roeland Byrd, Bogalusa, Louisiana, New Orleans blues singer and pianist
  • 1920-07-12 Paul Foster, American singer (Soul Stirrers), born in Grand Cane, Louisiana (d. 1995)
  • 1920-07-17 Bill Monroe, newscaster (NBC-TV, Congressional Report), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1920-12-24 Dave Bartholomew, jazz artist/songwriter (Blueberry Hill), born in Edgard, Louisiana
  • 1922-06-13 Mel Parnell [Melvin], Major League Baseball pitcher (Boston Red Socks, 1947-56), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2012)
  • 1922-11-07 Al Hirt, jazz trumpeter (Greatest Horn in the World), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1923-02-05 Claude King, American country music singer (Wolverton Mountain), born in Keithville, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • 1924-01-11 Slim Harpo [James Moore], Lobdell, Louisiana, American blues musician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924-09-30 Truman Capote, American author (In Cold Blood), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 1924-12-24 [Irving] Lee Dorsey, Pop and R&B singer (Working in the Coal Mines), born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 1986)
  • 1925-06-16 Faith Domergue, actress (House of 7 Corpses), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1925-09-10 Roy James Brown, boxer/soul singer (Good Rockin' Tonight), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1925-11-28 Virginia Hewitt, actress (Carol-Space Patrol), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1926-05-06 Marguerite Piazza, operatic soprano (Young Broadway), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2012)
  • 1926-07-21 Paul Burke, American actor (Thomas Crown Affair, Neal-Dynasty), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1926-11-25 Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (Star Trek Cage, The Searchers), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1927-02-05 Val Dufour, actor (Eugenie Grandet, Another World), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1927-03-06 Norman Treigle, bass-baritone, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1927-08-30 Geoffrey Beene, Louisiana, dress designer (8 Coty Awards)
  • 1927-12-28 Anne Armstrong, US ambassador and first female counsel to the President, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2008)
  • 1928-12-21 Ed Nelson, American actor (Peyton Place, A Long Came a Spider), born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2014)
  • 1929-07-15 Charles Anthony [Caruso], tenor (2,928 performances at Metropolitan Opera), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2012)
  • 1929-12-25 Chris Kenner, R&B singer (I Like it Like That), born in Kenner, Louisiana (d. 1976)
  • 1930-05-01 Little Walter [Marion Walter Jacobs], blues singer-songwriter and harmonica player, born in Marksville, Louisiana (d. 1968)
  • 1930-07-03 Pete Fountain, jazz clarinetist (Lawrence Welk TV show 1957-59), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2016)
  • 1931-03-31 Miller Barber, PGA golfer (1968 Byron Nelson Classic), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1931-05-31 Shirley Verrett, mezzo-soprano (Cassandra-Les Troyens), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1932-04-27 Maxine Brown, country music singer (Browns), born in Campti, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1932-12-12 robert pettit, Baton Rouge Louisiana, NBA star (St Louis Bombers/1959 MVP)

NBA Forward Bob Pettit
NBA Forward
Bob Pettit
  • 1933-09-26 Donna Douglas, American actress (Elly May Clampett-The Beverly Hillbillies), born in Pride, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1934-01-26 Huey "Piano" Smith, Rhythm and Blues pianist (Rockin' Pneumonia & Boogie Woogie Flu), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1934-02-07 Earl King [Solomon Johnson], American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Come On), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935-09-29 Jerry Lee Lewis, American country singer (Whole Lotta Shakin'), born in Ferriday, Louisiana

Country Singer Jerry Lee Lewis
Country Singer
Jerry Lee Lewis
  • 1936-02-22 Ernie K-Doe [Ernest Kador Jr], African-American R&B singer (Mother-in-Law"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1937-02-01 Garrett Morris, actor (SNL, Martin, Carwash), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1937-12-17 Art Neville, vocalist (Neville Brothers), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1938-01-14 Allen Toussaint [Naomi Neville], American R&B musician & songwriter (Ride Your Pony), born in Gert Town, Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1938-02-22 Ishmael Reed, US, author (Last Days of Louisiana Red)
  • 1938-05-17 Pervis Jackson, American R&B singer (Spinners), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2008)
  • 1938-10-16 Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)
  • 1939-05-07 Marco St John, actor (Rayford-Ball Four), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1939-08-04 Frankie Ford [Frank Guzzo], rock vocalist (Sea Cruise), born in Gretna, Louisiana, (d. 2015)
  • 1939-10-14 Hugh Delane Thompson, PGA golfer (1991 MONY Syracuse), born in Shreveport, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939-10-18 Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin (JFK), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)

Ex-soldier, drifter Lee Harvey Oswald
Ex-soldier, drifter
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1939-11-13 Idris Muhammad, American jazz drummer, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2014)
  • 1939-12-17 James Booker, R&B musician (Gonzo), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1940-07-13 Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul), born in Opelousas. Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1940-11-21 Dr. John [Rebennack], American vocalist (I Was in Right Place), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1941-05-08 John Fred [Gourrier], American performer (Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)), born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • 1941-07-26 Brenton Wood, rocker (Gimme Little Sign), born in Shreveport, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941-10-04 Anne Rice, author (Interview with a Vampire), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Author Anne Rice
Author
Anne Rice

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942-06-25 Willis Reed, American NBA hall of fame MVP center/coach (NY Knicks), born in Hico, Louisiana

NBA Center and Power Forward Willis Reed
NBA Center and Power Forward
Willis Reed
  • 1942-08-31 Carole Wells, actress (Pistols 'n' Petticoats), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1943-01-26 Jean Knight [Jean Caliste], American soul, funk and R&B singer (Mr Big Stuff), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1943-02-09 James King, basketball player (Olympic-gold-1968), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1943-04-30 Robert L Livingston, (Rep-R-Louisiana, 1977- )
  • 1943-11-28 Randy Newman, vocalist (Short People, Love LA, Raindrops), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1944-01-31 Charley Musselwhite, blues musician (Stand Back, Louisiana Fog)
  • 1944-05-17 Jesse Winchester, singer/songwriter (Learn to Love it), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2014)
  • 1945-02-13 King Floyd, American singer-songwriter (Groove Me), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2006)
  • 1945-03-11 Tricia O'Neal, actress (Piranha Part II), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1945-09-10 Tom Ligon, actor (Joyride), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945-11-17 Elvin Hayes, American NBA star (San Diego, Houston, Baltimore), born in Rayville, Louisiana

NBA Forward Elvin Hayes
NBA Forward
Elvin Hayes
  • 1945-12-05 J W "Corkey" Fornof, stunt coordinator (Octopussy), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1946-07-09 Joe Micelli, American rocker, born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1946-10-02 Jo-el Sonnier, Rayne La, country singer (Louisiana)
  • 1947-03-14 William Jefferson, (Rep-D-Louisiana)
  • 1947-11-14 Buckwheat Zydeco [Stantley Dural Jr], US accordionist (On Track), born in Lafayette, Louisiana (d. 2016)
  • 1947-11-25 John Larroquette, actor (Dan Fielding-Night Court), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1948-01-10 Cyril Neville, US singer and percussionist (Neville Brothers), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1948-05-22 Richard Baker, (Rep-R-Louisiana)
  • 1948-09-29 Bryant Gumbel, sportscaster/TV host (Today Show), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1948-10-26 Marshall Colt, actor (Eric-Lottery), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1949-02-10 Joe Lavender, NFL cornerback, born in Rayville, Louisiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949-05-26 Hank Williams Jr, country singer (Honky Tonk), born in Shreveport, Louisiana

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Hank Williams Jr
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Hank Williams Jr
  • 1949-06-25 Brenda Sykes, actress (Ozzie's Girls, Getting Straight), born in Shreveport, Louisiana

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1952-10-17 Country music legend Hank Williams (29) weds Billie Jean Jones in Minden, Louisiana

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Hank Williams
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Hank Williams

HeartWedding of Interest

1965-06-19 NBA forward Bob Pettit (32) weds Carole Crowell in Alexandria, Louisiana

NBA Forward Bob Pettit
NBA Forward
Bob Pettit

HeartWedding of Interest

1976-01-11 NBA player Pete Maravich (27) weds college sweetheart Jackie Elliser in Metairie, Louisiana

NBA Guard Pete Maravich
NBA Guard
Pete Maravich
  • 1993-11-26 Political strategist for President Clinton's campaign and political commentator James Carville (49) weds Republican political pundit Mary Matalin (40) in New Orleans, Louisiana

HeartWedding of Interest

1994-04-16 Singer Harry Connick Jr (26) weds model Jill Goodare (30) at St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans, Louisiana

HeartWedding of Interest

1996-10-06 American country singer Faith Hill (44) weds singer and actor Tim McGraw (45) in Rayville, Louisiana

Country Singer Faith Hill
Country Singer
Faith Hill
  • 2004-09-04 Rap singer Juvenile (29) weds Shadonna Jones at The Victory Fellowship Church in Metairie, Louisiana
  • 2011-07-09 NBA Charlotte Bobcats forward Tyrus Thomas (24) weds long-term girlfriend Jaime Collins at Louisiana
  • 2013-06-01 "How to Make It in America" actress Lake Bell (34) weds tattoo artist Scott Campbell at The Marigny Opera House in New Orleans, Louisiana

HeartWedding of Interest

2014-03-14 Actress Jamie Lynn Spears (22) weds businessman Jamie Watson at the Audubon Tea Room in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 2014-10-18 "The Vampire Diaries" actress Candice Accola (27) weds "The Fray" guitarist Joe King (34) in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 2014-11-16 Singer-songwriter Solange Knowles (28) weds music video director Alan Ferguson (51) in New Orleans, Louisiana

Famous Deaths

  • 1687-03-19 Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, Fren explorer (Louisiana), killed at 43
  • 1795-07-03 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1829-10-06 Pierre Derbigny, Governor of Louisiana (b. 1769)
  • 1868-09-06 Pierre Adolphe Rost, Louisiana judge, Confederate commissioner (b. 1797)
  • 1914-12-12 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • 1964-08-16 Jack Pennick, actor (Lady From Louisiana), dies at 68
  • 1972-10-16 Hale Boggs, U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (b. 1914)
  • 1992-10-21 Jim Garrison, Louisiana DA (investigate JFK assassination), dies at 70
  • 1995-07-22 Percy Humphrey, American jazz trumpet player and bandleader in New Orleans, Louisiana, dies at 90
  • 2003-05-09 Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (b. 1918)
  • 2007-10-01 Harry Lee, Sheriff of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (b. 1932)