Venezuelan History

Venezuela: Caracas

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498-08-01 Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1498-08-14 Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in what is now Venezuela
  • 1558-10-09 Mérida is founded in Venezuela
  • 1567-07-25 Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
  • 1810-04-19 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1811-07-05 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain
  • 1812-03-03 US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • 1812-03-26 Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1813-05-23 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1831-11-17 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia
  • 1855-02-04 Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
  • 1875-05-16 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • 1902-12-07 Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-12-13 British and German ships bombard Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with ultimatum demanding damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Theodore Roosevelt to arbitrate

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1904-02-22 The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy
  • 1906-12-20 Venezuela (under vice-pres Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet
  • 1908-06-23 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • 1908-11-07 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • 1920-12-29 The Netherlands and Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
  • 1929-06-08 Venezuelan rebel Rafael Urbina overthrows Fort Amsterdam, Curacao kidnap governor Fruytier
  • 1929-06-09 Venezuelan rebel Urbina lets Dutch/Curacaose hostages free
  • 1939-11-14 Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela
  • 1945-02-16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1950-11-13 General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas.
  • 1952-12-03 Marcos Perez Jiménez elected president of Venezuela
  • 1956-06-20 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
  • 1958-01-23 Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958-05-13 Rioters attack US VP Richard Nixon in Venezuela

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1958-12-07 Romulo Betancourt elected President of Venezuela
  • 1960-09-14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia & Venezuela form Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961-01-23 Venezuela adopts constitution
  • 1967-07-29 Moderate quake (6.5) strikes Caracas Venezuela causing severe damage
  • 1968-12-01 Gonzalo Barrios, Venezuelan presidential candidate
  • 1971-07-31 Venezuela's Hydrocarbons Reversion Law mandates gradual transfer to government ownership of all "unexploited concession areas" by 1974 and "all their residual assets" by 1983

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1974-03-26 George Foreman TKOs Ken Norton in 2 for heavyweight boxing title in Caracas, Venezuela

Boxing Champ George Foreman
Boxing Champ
George Foreman
  • 1975-10-28 Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976
  • 1976-01-01 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields
  • 1979-07-19 Maritza Sayalero, 18, of Venezuela, crowned 28th Miss Universe
  • 1981-07-20 Irene Saez, of Venezuela, crowned 30th Miss Universe
  • 1981-07-26 2 climbers fall 550 m down cliff near Angel Falls, Venezuela
  • 1981-11-12 Pilin Leon of Venezuela, crowned 31st Miss World
  • 1986-07-21 Barbara Palacios Teyde, 22, of Venezuela, crowned 35th Miss Universe
  • 1988-12-06 Carlos Andres Perez re-elected president of Venezuela
  • 1989-02-27 Venezuela is rocked by the riots of Caracazo.
  • 1993-04-02 Venezuelan DC-10 crashes at Margarita, killing 10
  • 1993-05-21 Venezuela president Carlos Andres Perez fired
  • 1993-08-07 Tropical storm Brett ravages Venezuela, 118 killed
  • 1993-08-08 Tropical storm Bret ravages Venezuela, about 100 killed
  • 1993-08-31 Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees
  • 1993-12-05 Rafael Caldera elected President of Venezuela
  • 1994-01-03 100s killed in Venezuela in prison revolt
  • 1995-07-06 Venezuelan Congress approves the country's first investment law allowing for foreign participation in oil exploration and production
  • 1995-11-18 Jacqueline Aguilera Marcano (19), of Venezuela, crowned 45th Miss World
  • 1996-05-17 Alicia Machado, 18, of Venezuela crowned 45th Miss Universe
  • 1996-06-20 The Venezuelan Congress approves deals which allow foreign oil companies to explore and produce oil in Venezuela for the first time since the country's 1975 nationalization of the oil industry
  • 1996-08-21 In Venezuela, a subsidiary of state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA), Corpoven, signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with U.S.-based ARCO
  • 1998-02-26 Total solar eclipse in Venezuela-Pacific Ocean (4m09)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1998-12-06 Hugo Chávez is elected President of Venezuela

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 1999-05-24 Venezuela enters the Antarctic Treaty System.
  • 1999-12-14 Flash floods in Venezuela after torrential rainfall results in the deaths of thousands of people and causes a total collapse in the state's infrastructure
  • 2001-01-25 A 50-year-old Douglas DC-3 crashes near Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela killing 24
  • 2002-04-11 An attempted coup d'état takes place in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez .
  • 2002-04-12 Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez.
  • 2002-04-13 Pedro Carmona, interim president of Venezuela, resigns one day after taking office.
  • 2002-04-14 Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country's military.
  • 2005-08-16 West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes near Machiques, Venezuela, killing all 160 aboard.
  • 2007-11-10 ¿Por qué no te callas? ("Why don't you shut up?" )incident between King Juan Carlos of Spain and Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez.
  • 2009-11-22 President Hugo Chávez states that Venezuela is in recession as the economy contracted 4.5% in the third quarter
  • 2011-02-23 Venezuela's economy grew 0.6% in the last quarter of 2010, technically leaving the recession after six quarters, it is reported today
  • 2012-08-20 20 people are killed in a riot in Caracas, Venezuela
  • 2012-08-25 39 people are killed and 80 are injured after a gas leak in North Venezuelan refinery
  • 2012-09-30 Two opposition Venezuelan politicians are shot dead a week before the presidential election
  • 2012-10-08 Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term
  • 2013-01-25 50 people are killed and 90 are injured in a prison riot in Barquisimeto, Venezuela
  • 2013-03-05 Venezuelan Vice-President Nicolás Maduro assumes the presidency after the death of Hugo Chávez
  • 2013-04-15 Nicolás Maduro is narrowly elected President of Venezuela
  • 2013-11-09 María Gabriela Isler, a 25yo Venezuelan, is crowned Miss Universe 2013
  • 2014-10-16 New Zealand, Malaysia, Angola, Spain and Venezuela are elected to the United Nations Security Council

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015-03-09 US President Barack Obama signs an executive order declaring Venezuela a national security threat to the US

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015-11-24 Venezuelan opposition leader Luis Díaz is shot and killed days before the country's general election
  • 2016-02-10 Venezuelan government orders more than 100 malls to close early to save electricity, due to drought caused by El Niño
  • 2016-12-04 Venezuela issues new higher-value notes after currency falls 60% in 1 months against the US dollar
  • 2016-12-23 United Nations Security Council adopts a landmark resolution demanding a halt to all Israeli settlement in Palestinian territory occupied since 1967. Resolution 2334 was moved by New Zealand, Malaysia, Senegal and Venezuela and passed 14-0 with a US abstention .
  • 2017-03-30 Venezuela Supreme Court takes over legislative powers of the National Assembly, opposition calls it a coup
  • 2017-04-08 Fifth day of protests by thousands in Caracas, Venezuela against the government

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 103

  • 1750-03-28 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter, born in Caracas
  • 1778-12-26 Juan Lovera, Venezuela, artist
  • 1781-11-29 Andres Bello, Venezuela poet/diplomat/scholar (Silvas Americanas)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1783-07-24 Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan political and military leader (freed 6 Latin American republics from Spanish rule), born in Caracas (d. 1830)

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1790-06-13 Jose Antonio Peez, president of Venezuela
  • 1800-07-19 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), born in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela (d. 1864)
  • 1826-11-23 Agustin Bethencourt, Venezuela publisher on Curacao
  • 1828-02-29 Antonio Guzman Blanco, president Venezuela
  • 1853-12-22 Maria Teresa Carreno, Venezuelan pianist, singer, composer, and conductor
  • 1884-08-02 Rómulo Gallegos, President of Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1889-10-05 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (d. 1936)
  • 1896-08-02 Lorenzo Herrera, Venezuelan singer and composer (d. 1960)
  • 1906-05-16 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuela, writer/minister (Lanzas Coloradas)
  • 1908-02-22 Romulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (1945-48, 1958-64)
  • 1914-04-25 Marcos Perez Jimenez, president/dictator Venezuela
  • 1920-10-29 Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922-10-27 Carlos Andres Perez, president of Venezuela (1974-79/89-94)
  • 1924-02-18 Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1925-06-01 Dilia Díaz Cisneros, Venezuelan teacher
  • 1928-01-23 Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1928-03-12 Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (d. 2007)
  • 1929-02-06 Oscar Sambrano Urdaneta, Venezuelan writer
  • 1930-05-22 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, born in Paris, France (d. 2016)
  • 1933-08-01 Jesse Corti, Venezuelan-born actor and comedian
  • 1934-04-29 Luis Aparicio, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1936-07-31 Vic Davalillo, Venezuelan baseball player, born in Cabimas, Venezuela
  • 1941-09-14 Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician
  • 1943-01-14 Jose Luis Rodriguez, Venezuelan singer (Dueno De Nada), born in Caracas
  • 1943-01-26 César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1943-07-11 Oscar D'León, Venezuelan musician
  • 1945-04-13 Carlos Gimenez, Argentine/Venezuelan founder (Theater festival of Caracas)
  • 1946-03-31 Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1948-06-17 David Concepcion, Venezuela, all star shortstop (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1949-10-12 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist
  • 1953-03-23 Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1954-01-23 Franco De Vita, Venezuelan spanish singer (Extranjero), born in Caracas

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954-07-28 Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela (1998-2013), born in Sabaneta, Barinas State, Venezuela (d. 2013)

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 1955-07-02 Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
  • 1961-06-18 Andres Galarraga, Venezuelan infielder (Colorado Rockies), born in Caracas
  • 1961-11-12 Chela Quintana, Venezuela, LPGA golfer (8 time Venezuelan Amat Champ)
  • 1961-12-13 Irene Saez, Miss Universe 1981 and Venezuelan politician
  • 1962-02-19 Alvaro Espinoza, Venezuela, baseball shortstop (NY Yanks, NY Mets)
  • 1962-07-12 Grecia Colmenares, Venezuela, actress (Esmeralda, Los Crinimales)
  • 1963-03-01 Tony Castillo, Lara Venezuela, pitcher (Toronto Blue Jays)
  • 1964-01-06 Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan athlete (d. 2005)
  • 1964-01-20 Ozzie Guillen, Oculare del Tuy Venezuela, shortstop (Chicago White Sox)
  • 1965-05-13 José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)
  • 1965-05-23 Lilian Drescher, Venezuela, tennis star
  • 1966-01-03 Luis Sojo, Venezuelan-born MLB infielder (Seattle Mariners), born in Petare, Edo Miranda
  • 1966-01-06 Fernando Carrillo, Venezuelan actor
  • 1966-02-01 Eddie Zambrano, Venezuelan/US baseball outfielder (Chicago Cubs)
  • 1967-04-24 Omar Vizquel, Venezuelan shortstop (Seattle Mariners, Indians), born in Caracas
  • 1967-10-08 Yvonne Reyes, Venezuelan actress
  • 1967-10-15 Carlos Garcia, Venezuela, infielder (Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • 1968-03-04 Giovanni Carrara, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1968-05-04 Eddie Perez, Cuidad Ojeda Venezuela, catcher (Atlanta Braves)
  • 1969-06-04 Robert Perez, Bolivar Venezuela, outfielder (Toronto Blue Jays)
  • 1969-12-09 Ramon Garcia, Guanare Venezuela, pitcher (Milwaukee Brewers)
  • 1970-02-24 Wilson Alvarez, Maracaibo Venezuela, pitcher (Chicago White Sox)
  • 1970-05-10 Gabriela Montero, Venezuelan-American pianist, born in Caracas
  • 1970-09-09 Natalia Streignard, Venezuelan actress
  • 1971-01-11 Alexander Delgado, Palmerejo Venezuela, catcher (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1971-05-18 Rich Garces, Maracay Aragua Venezuela, pitcher (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1971-05-31 Troy Malave, Cumana Venezuela, outfielder (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1971-08-29 Henry Blanco, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1972-03-01 Omar Daal, Maracaibo Venezuela, pitcher (Montreal Expos)
  • 1973-08-11 Edgardo Alfonzo, Sta Teresa Venezuela, infielder (NY Mets)
  • 1973-12-29 Tomas Perez, Barquisimeto Venezuela, infielder (Toronto Blue Jays)
  • 1974-01-28 Magglio Ordóñez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1974-02-15 Ugueth Urbina, Venezuelan pitcher (Montreal Expos), born in Caracas
  • 1974-04-15 Marena Bencomo, Miss Universe-2nd place (Venezuela, 1997)
  • 1974-05-04 Miguel Cairo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1974-05-17 Wiki González, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1974-05-24 Maria Alejandra Vento, Venezuelan tennis star (1995 Futures-Braz), born in Caracas
  • 1974-08-16 Roger Cedeno, Valencia Edo Venezuela, outfielder (LA Dodgers)
  • 1975-04-29 Rafael Betancourt, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975-08-06 Victor Zambrano, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975-09-30 Carlos Guillén, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976-05-20 Ramón Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976-09-09 Juan A. Baptista, Venezuelan actor
  • 1976-12-06 Alicia Machado, Venezuela, Miss Universe (1996)
  • 1977-02-08 Yucef Merhi, Venezuelan artist
  • 1977-10-12 Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1978-04-29 Tony Armas, Jr., Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978-09-06 Alex Escobar, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978-12-23 Víctor Martínez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979-01-07 Mariangel Ruiz, Venezuelan actress and model
  • 1979-01-23 Juan Rincón, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979-03-13 Johan Santana, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1980-02-10 César Izturis, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1980-04-22 Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1981-06-01 Carlos Zambrano, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
  • 1982-01-07 Francisco Rodriguez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1982-01-15 Armando Galarraga, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983-02-21 Franklin Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983-04-18 Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983-04-19 Alberto Callaspo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984-02-09 Dioner Navarro, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984-05-10 Edward Mujica. Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984-07-11 Yorman Bazardo, Venezuelan baseball player

Famous Weddings

  • 2006-06-10 Spanish singer Bertin Osborne (51) weds Venezuelan model Fabiola Martinez in Seville, Spain

Famous Deaths

  • 1815-01-31 José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
  • 1816-07-14 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • 1865-10-16 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • 1885-06-14 Agustin Bethencourt, Venezuelan publisher on Curacao, dies at 58
  • 1919-06-29 José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician (b. 1864)
  • 1923-06-29 J C Gomez, General/Venezuela's 1st VP, assassinated
  • 1935-12-18 Juan V Gomez, general/dictator of Venezuela (1908-35), dies
  • 1936-04-23 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (b. 1889)
  • 1969-04-05 Romulo Gallegos, Venezuela author/president (1947-48), dies at 84
  • 1981-09-28 Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
  • 1984-12-20 Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 2001-02-26 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan writer (b. 1906)
  • 2005-01-14 Jesús-Rafael Soto, Venezuelan kinetic artist (b. 1923)
  • 2005-01-22 César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2005-02-12 Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan athlete (b. 1964)
  • 2005-05-26 Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 2006-07-22 José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
  • 2007-09-15 Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (b. 1928)
  • 2009-12-24 Rafael Caldera, lawyer, sociologist, writer, speaker, politician, and ex-president of Venezuela (b. 1916)
  • 2010-04-19 Edwin Valero, Venezuelan boxer (b. 1981)
  • 2010-12-25 Carlos Andrés Pérez, former President of Venezuela (b. 1922)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2013-03-05 Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela, dies from respiratory failure at 58

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 2016-04-30 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, dies at 85