Zimbabwean History

Zimbabwe: Harare

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855-11-17 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1890-09-12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1923-09-12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1924-04-01 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1953-08-01 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1958-02-08 Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia
  • 1962-01-28 Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives
  • 1962-12-19 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1964-01-01 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
  • 1964-01-22 Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964-04-13 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964-10-24 Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1965-11-11 Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian Smith
  • 1965-11-20 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-10 Dutch ends economic boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-17 British government proclaims ends oil-embargo against Rhodesia
  • 1966-01-12 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1966-04-16 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1968-05-29 UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia
  • 1969-06-20 Breakaway white Rhodesia agrees to race separation
  • 1970-03-01 White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain
  • 1970-03-02 Rhodesia becomes independent republic
  • 1972-01-18 The former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested
  • 1972-06-06 Explosion at world's largest coal mine kills 427 (Wankie, Rhodesia)
  • 1972-08-22 Rhodesia is expelled by the International Olympic Committee for its racist policies.
  • 1973-11-23 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974-06-01 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • 1976-03-03 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • 1976-08-13 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977-08-31 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1979-01-30 Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) agrees to new constitution
  • 1979-04-24 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
  • 1979-05-29 Bishop Abel Muzorewa is sworn in as Zimbabwe's 1st black PM
  • 1979-06-01 Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
  • 1979-06-01 The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1979-12-21 New constitution for Zimbabwe agreed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980-01-27 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1980-02-27 Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins elections in Zimbabwe
  • 1980-03-04 Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins parliamentary election in Zimbabwe
  • 1980-04-18 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • 1982-04-18 Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
  • 1982-07-10 Zimbabwe beats Bermuda by 5 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1983-03-09 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
  • 1983-06-09 Zimbabwe win their 1st one-day cricket international, v Australia
  • 1985-07-05 Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwean elections
  • 1986-05-18 South African army occupies Botswana, Zimbabwe & Zambia
  • 1986-07-08 Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
  • 1987-12-30 Premier Mugabe elected president of Zimbabwe
  • 1990-06-23 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1992-02-23 Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut, Zimbabwe v Sri Lanka
  • 1992-02-23 World Cup scoreline Zimbabwe 4-312, Sri Lanka 7-313
  • 1992-03-18 Zimbabwe beat England by 9 runs in World Cup at Albury
  • 1992-10-18 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1992-10-20 David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)
  • 1993-03-15 Vinod Kambli scores 227 v Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200
  • 1995-02-02 Henry Olonga no-balled for throwing in Zimbabwe-Pakistan Test Cricket
  • 1995-02-04 Zimbabwe's 1st Test Cricket victory, over Pakistan by an inning
  • 1995-10-16 Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe
  • 1996-12-18 Start of 1st Test Cricket match between Zimbabwe & England
  • 1996-12-22 Zimbabwe & England draw Bulawayo Test Cricket with England needing 1 run to win
  • 1997-01-03 Zimbabwe clean-sweep ODI series v England 3-0
  • 2000-07-09 Police fired tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that killed twelve people in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 2000-07-20 In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade.
  • 2013-08-01 Robert Mugabe continues to maintain power after winning 142 out of 210 seats in the Zimbabwean election
  • 2015-05-22 Pakistan begin the first test-playing nation cricket tour of Zimbabwe since 2009
  • 2015-06-12 Zimbabwe discards its own currency, offering an exchange of $1 for 35 quadrillion Zimbabwean dollars

Famous Birthdays

  • 1889-02-01 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • 1902-11-22 Sir Humphrey Gibbs, Rhodesian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1907-01-20 Roy Welensky, Premier (Rhodesia/Nyasaland 1956-63)
  • 1918-05-13 John Johnston, British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia)
  • 1919-04-08 [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-..)
  • 1921-08-24 Sam Tingle, Zimbabwean racing driver
  • 1922-10-28 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924-02-21 Robert Mugabe, president (Zimbabwe, 1988- )

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1924-12-07 John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver (d. 2005)
  • 1925-04-14 Abel Muzorewa, bishop/premier (Rhodesia)
  • 1935-04-06 James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose, Southern Rhodesia-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland
  • 1936-03-05 Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)
  • 1941-07-11 Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver
  • 1944-11-20 Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwe, field hockey coach/player (Olympic-1980)
  • 1946-12-31 Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean human rights advocate
  • 1947-05-17 John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)
  • 1952-03-10 Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician
  • 1953-10-25 Mark Will McNulty, Bindwa Zimbabwe, PGA golfer (1982 Danny Thomas-4th)
  • 1955-12-06 Malcolm Jarvis, cricket lefty paceman (Zimbabwe's 1st Test side)
  • 1956-06-06 Andy Pycroft, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)
  • 1957-06-23 David Houghton, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 266 v Sri Lanka 1994)
  • 1959-08-07 Ali Shah, cricketer (Zimbabwe all-rounder in two Tests 1992)
  • 1959-09-25 Andy Waller, cricketer (big-hitting Zimbabwe batsman-1992 World Cup)
  • 1960-05-09 Iain Butchart, cricket all-rounder (Zimbabwe, Test v Pak 1995)
  • 1961-06-03 Kevin Arnott, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 101* v NZ 1992)
  • 1961-10-09 Arlene Boxhall, Zimbabwe, field hockey (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • 1962-05-16 Gary Crocker, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)
  • 1963-03-05 Eddo Brandes, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test pace bowler)
  • 1964-10-04 David Brain, cricketer (Zimbabwe lefty seamer 1993-)
  • 1965-08-27 Wayne James, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test wicketkeeper v Pakistan 1993)
  • 1966-05-23 Graeme Hick, cricketer (in Zimbabwe Massive run-scorer for Worcs)
  • 1966-05-30 Gary Martin, cricket pace bowler (Zimbabwe ODI)
  • 1968-01-24 Mark Burmester, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test all-rounder in 3 Tests 1992)
  • 1968-03-26 Ian Hutchings, Zimbabwe, Canadian Tour golfer (1994 Klondike Klassic)
  • 1968-04-28 Andy Flower, cricketer (Zimbabwe keeper & victorious Test captain)
  • 1968-11-16 Ebrahim Essop-Adam, cricketer (one ODI for Zimbabwe 1992)
  • 1969-04-11 Gavin Briant, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
  • 1969-04-25 Gavin Bruk-Jackson, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
  • 1969-05-17 Ujesh Ranchod, cricketer (Zimbabwe off-spinner 1993)
  • 1969-07-31 Langa Sibanda, Miss Universe-Zimbabwe (1996)
  • 1969-09-02 Stephen Peall, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1969-10-06 Byron Black, Zimbabwe, tennis star
  • 1969-11-29 Craig Evans, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman 1996 World Cup)
  • 1969-12-05 Mark Dekker, Zimbabwe cricket opening batsman (1993- )
  • 1970-07-28 Paul Strang, cricketer (Zimbabwe's 1st Test match leg-spinner, 1994-)
  • 1970-07-29 John Rennie, cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler 1993)
  • 1970-12-20 Grant Flower, cricketer (bro of Andy Zimbabwe Test opening batsman)
  • 1971-06-15 Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer (batsman), Test debut v Zimbabwe in 1996
  • 1972-05-10 Stuart Carlisle, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1995-)
  • 1972-06-09 Bryan Strang, cricket pace bowler (brother of Paul Zimbabwe 1995- )
  • 1973-03-28 Andrew Whittall, cricketer (cousin of Guy Zimbabwe off-spinner 1996)
  • 1974-01-09 Craig Wishart, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman vs South Africa 1995)
  • 1974-03-16 Heath Streak, cricketer (Zimbabwean pace bowler 1993-)
  • 1975-01-29 Lorraine Magwenzi, Miss Zimbabwe Universe (1997)
  • 1975-03-05 Chris Silverwood, cricketer (England Test pace bowler v Zimbabwe 1996)
  • 1976-01-13 Gary Brent, cricketer (Zimbabwe ODI pace bowler 1996)
  • 1976-04-13 Everton Matambanadzo, Zimbabwean cricket pace bowler (v Paki 1996)
  • 1976-06-26 Mpumelo Mbangwa, cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler v Pakistan 1996)
  • 1976-07-03 Henry Olonga, cricketer (1st black Zimbabwe Test cricketer v Pak 1995)
  • 1976-07-03 Robert Brian (Bobby) Skinstad, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, youngest ever Springbok rugby captain
  • 1977-12-04 Shahid Nazir, cricketer (Pakistan Test fast bowler v Zimbabwe 1996)
  • 1978-08-01 Andy Blignaut, Salisbury, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1978-08-13 Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer
  • 1979-07-23 Richard Sims, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1980-08-17 Keith Dabengwa, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981-08-05 Alester Maregwede, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981-11-21 Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-03-20 Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-07-31 Blessing Mahwire, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-08-20 Barney Rogers, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-12-06 Sean Ervine, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1983-09-16 Kirsty Coventry, Zimbabwean Olympic swimmer
  • 1983-10-10 Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984-03-26 Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean crickaeter
  • 1984-08-30 Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984-11-12 Conrad Rautenbach, Zimbabwean rally driver
  • 1984-12-14 Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1985-03-26 Prosper Utseya, Zimbabwean cricket captain
  • 1985-07-22 Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean/American rugby player
  • 1986-02-06 Brendan Taylor, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986-03-14 Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986-09-09 Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988-02-08 Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988-03-24 Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1937-09-03 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Author Muriel Spark
Author
Muriel Spark

HeartWedding of Interest

1996-08-17 Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe (72) weds Grace Marufu (31) at Kutama College in Mashonaland West, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe

Famous Deaths

  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1931-10-24 Murray Bisset, cricketer (S Afr)/Chief Justice of Rhodesia, dies
  • 1978-06-28 Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1978-08-31 John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1995-01-29 Arthur Guy Clutton-Brock, English agronomist (Rhodesia), dies at 88
  • 2001-05-26 Moven Enock Mahachi, Defence Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952)
  • 2003-09-20 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (b. 1922)
  • 2003-11-10 Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (b. 1936)
  • 2007-11-20 Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)
  • 2007-12-13 Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician
  • 2008-02-26 Glory Mukwati, Zimbabwean politician