Zimbabwean History

Zimbabwe: Harare

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855-11-17 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890-09-12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1923-09-12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1924-04-01 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1953-08-01 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1958-02-08 Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia
  • 1962-01-28 Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives
  • 1962-12-19 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1964-01-01 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
  • 1964-01-22 Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964-04-13 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964-10-24 Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1965-11-11 Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian Smith
  • 1965-11-20 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-10 Dutch ends economic boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-17 British government proclaims ends oil-embargo against Rhodesia
  • 1966-01-12 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1966-04-16 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1968-05-29 UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia
  • 1969-06-20 Breakaway white Rhodesia agrees to race separation
  • 1970-03-02 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic
  • 1972-01-18 Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested
  • 1972-06-06 Explosion at world's largest coal mine kills 427 (Wankie, Rhodesia)
  • 1972-08-22 Rhodesia is expelled by the International Olympic Committee for its racist policies.
  • 1973-11-23 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974-06-01 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • 1976-03-03 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • 1976-08-13 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977-08-31 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1979-01-30 Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) agrees to new constitution
  • 1979-04-24 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
  • 1979-05-29 Bishop Abel Muzorewa is sworn in as Zimbabwe's 1st black PM
  • 1979-06-01 Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
  • 1979-06-01 The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1979-12-21 New constitution for Zimbabwe agreed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980-01-27 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1980-02-27 Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins elections in Zimbabwe
  • 1980-03-04 Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins parliamentary election in Zimbabwe
  • 1980-04-18 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • 1982-04-18 Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
  • 1982-07-10 Zimbabwe beats Bermuda by 5 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1983-03-09 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
  • 1983-06-09 Zimbabwe win their 1st one-day cricket international, v Australia
  • 1985-07-05 Robert Mugabe wins Zimbabwean elections
  • 1986-05-18 South African army occupies Botswana, Zimbabwe & Zambia
  • 1986-07-08 Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
  • 1987-12-30 Premier Mugabe elected president of Zimbabwe
  • 1990-06-23 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1992-02-23 Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut, Zimbabwe v Sri Lanka
  • 1992-02-23 World Cup scoreline Zimbabwe 4-312, Sri Lanka 7-313
  • 1992-03-18 Zimbabwe beat England by 9 runs in World Cup at Albury
  • 1992-10-18 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1992-10-20 David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)
  • 1993-03-15 Vinod Kambli scores 227 v Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200
  • 1995-02-02 Henry Olonga no-balled for throwing in Zimbabwe-Pakistan Test Cricket
  • 1995-02-04 Zimbabwe's 1st Test Cricket victory, over Pakistan by an inning
  • 1995-10-16 Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe
  • 1996-12-18 Start of 1st Test Cricket match between Zimbabwe & England
  • 1996-12-22 Zimbabwe & England draw Bulawayo Test Cricket with England needing 1 run to win
  • 1997-01-03 Zimbabwe clean-sweep ODI series v England 3-0
  • 2000-07-09 Police fired tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that killed twelve people in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 2000-07-20 In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade.
  • 2013-08-01 Robert Mugabe continues to maintain power after winning 142 out of 210 seats in the Zimbabwean election
  • 2015-05-22 Pakistan begin the first test-playing nation cricket tour of Zimbabwe since 2009
  • 2015-06-12 Zimbabwe discards its own currency, offering an exchange of $1 for 35 quadrillion Zimbabwean dollars

Famous Birthdays

  • 1889-02-01 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • 1902-11-22 Sir Humphrey Gibbs, Rhodesian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1907-01-20 Roy Welensky, Premier (Rhodesia/Nyasaland 1956-63)
  • 1918-05-13 John Johnston, British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia)
  • 1919-04-08 [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-..)
  • 1921-08-24 Sam Tingle, Zimbabwean racing driver
  • 1922-10-28 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924-02-21 Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean revolutionary, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (1980-87) and President of Zimbabwe (1988- ), born in Harare, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1924-12-07 John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver (d. 2005)
  • 1925-04-14 Abel Muzorewa, bishop/premier (Rhodesia)
  • 1935-04-06 James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose, Southern Rhodesia-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland
  • 1936-03-05 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), born in Essexvale, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)
  • 1941-07-11 Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver
  • 1944-11-20 Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwe, field hockey coach/player (Olympic-1980)
  • 1946-12-31 Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean human rights advocate
  • 1947-05-17 John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)
  • 1952-03-10 Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician
  • 1953-10-25 Mark Will McNulty, Bindwa Zimbabwe, PGA golfer (1982 Danny Thomas-4th)
  • 1955-12-06 Malcolm Jarvis, cricket lefty paceman (Zimbabwe's 1st Test side)
  • 1956-06-06 Andy Pycroft, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)
  • 1957-06-23 David Houghton, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 266 v Sri Lanka 1994)
  • 1959-08-07 Ali Shah, cricketer (Zimbabwe all-rounder in two Tests 1992)
  • 1959-09-25 Andy Waller, cricketer (big-hitting Zimbabwe batsman-1992 World Cup)
  • 1960-05-09 Iain Butchart, cricket all-rounder (Zimbabwe, Test v Pak 1995)
  • 1961-06-03 Kevin Arnott, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 101* v NZ 1992)
  • 1961-10-09 Arlene Boxhall, Zimbabwe, field hockey (Olympic-gold-1980)
  • 1962-05-16 Gary Crocker, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)
  • 1963-03-05 Eddo Brandes, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test pace bowler)
  • 1964-10-04 David Brain, cricketer (Zimbabwe lefty seamer 1993-)
  • 1965-08-27 Wayne James, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test wicketkeeper v Pakistan 1993)
  • 1966-05-23 Graeme Hick, English cricketer (65 Tests for England), born in Salisbury, Rhodesia
  • 1966-05-30 Gary Martin, cricket pace bowler (Zimbabwe ODI)
  • 1968-01-24 Mark Burmester, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test all-rounder in 3 Tests 1992)
  • 1968-03-26 Ian Hutchings, Zimbabwe, Canadian Tour golfer (1994 Klondike Klassic)
  • 1968-04-28 Andy Flower, cricketer (Zimbabwe keeper & victorious Test captain)
  • 1968-11-16 Ebrahim Essop-Adam, cricketer (one ODI for Zimbabwe 1992)
  • 1969-04-11 Gavin Briant, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
  • 1969-04-25 Gavin Bruk-Jackson, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
  • 1969-05-17 Ujesh Ranchod, cricketer (Zimbabwe off-spinner 1993)
  • 1969-07-31 Langa Sibanda, Miss Universe-Zimbabwe (1996)
  • 1969-09-02 Stephen Peall, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1969-10-06 Byron Black, Zimbabwe, tennis star
  • 1969-11-29 Craig Evans, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman 1996 World Cup)
  • 1969-12-05 Mark Dekker, Zimbabwe cricket opening batsman (1993- )
  • 1970-07-28 Paul Strang, cricketer (Zimbabwe's 1st Test match leg-spinner, 1994-)
  • 1970-07-29 John Rennie, cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler 1993)
  • 1970-12-20 Grant Flower, cricketer (bro of Andy Zimbabwe Test opening batsman)
  • 1971-06-15 Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer (batsman), Test debut v Zimbabwe in 1996
  • 1972-05-10 Stuart Carlisle, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1995-)
  • 1972-06-09 Bryan Strang, cricket pace bowler (brother of Paul Zimbabwe 1995- )
  • 1973-03-28 Andrew Whittall, cricketer (cousin of Guy Zimbabwe off-spinner 1996)
  • 1974-01-09 Craig Wishart, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman vs South Africa 1995)
  • 1974-03-16 Heath Streak, cricketer (Zimbabwean pace bowler 1993-)
  • 1975-01-29 Lorraine Magwenzi, Miss Zimbabwe Universe (1997)
  • 1975-03-05 Chris Silverwood, cricketer (England Test pace bowler v Zimbabwe 1996)
  • 1976-01-13 Gary Brent, cricketer (Zimbabwe ODI pace bowler 1996)
  • 1976-04-13 Everton Matambanadzo, Zimbabwean cricket pace bowler (v Paki 1996)
  • 1976-06-26 Mpumelo Mbangwa, cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler v Pakistan 1996)
  • 1976-07-03 Henry Olonga, cricketer (1st black Zimbabwe Test cricketer v Pak 1995)
  • 1976-07-03 Robert Brian (Bobby) Skinstad, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, youngest ever Springbok rugby captain
  • 1977-12-04 Shahid Nazir, cricketer (Pakistan Test fast bowler v Zimbabwe 1996)
  • 1978-08-01 Andy Blignaut, Salisbury, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1978-08-13 Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer
  • 1979-07-23 Richard Sims, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1980-08-17 Keith Dabengwa, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981-08-05 Alester Maregwede, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981-11-21 Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-03-20 Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-07-31 Blessing Mahwire, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-08-20 Barney Rogers, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-12-06 Sean Ervine, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1983-09-16 Kirsty Coventry, Zimbabwean Olympic swimmer
  • 1983-10-10 Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984-03-26 Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean crickaeter
  • 1984-08-30 Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984-11-12 Conrad Rautenbach, Zimbabwean rally driver
  • 1984-12-14 Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1985-03-26 Prosper Utseya, Zimbabwean cricket captain
  • 1985-07-22 Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean/American rugby player
  • 1986-02-06 Brendan Taylor, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986-03-14 Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986-09-09 Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988-02-08 Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988-03-24 Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1937-09-03 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Author Muriel Spark
Author
Muriel Spark

HeartWedding of Interest

1996-08-17 Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe (72) weds Grace Marufu (31) at Kutama College in Mashonaland West, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe

Famous Deaths

  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1931-10-24 Murray Bisset, cricketer (S Afr)/Chief Justice of Rhodesia, dies
  • 1978-06-28 Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1978-08-31 John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1995-01-29 Arthur Guy Clutton-Brock, English agronomist (Rhodesia), dies at 88
  • 2001-05-26 Moven Enock Mahachi, Defence Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952)
  • 2003-09-20 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (b. 1922)
  • 2003-11-10 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2007-11-20 Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)
  • 2007-12-13 Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician
  • 2008-02-26 Glory Mukwati, Zimbabwean politician