- Jul 8 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on
- Jul 15 City of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade
- Jul 22 First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
- Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor