What Happened in 1453

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Historical Events

  • Jan 6 Emperor Frederik III becomes archduke of Austria
  • Apr 2 Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (İstanbul), which falls May 29
  • Apr 21 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • May 29 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to Muhammad II (Turks); ends the Byzantine Empire
  • May 29 French banker Jacques Coeur's possessions confiscated
  • Jul 4 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • Jul 17 Battle of Castillon: French army beats English force under Talbot, turning point of the 100 Years' War
  • Jul 23 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion
  • Oct 19 French retake Bordeaux following the Battle of Castillon

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • Oct 13 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 28 Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • May 29 Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49
  • Jul 17 John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, English military leader
  • Jul 20 Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French chronicler
  • Dec 24 John Dunstable, English composer, dies