What Happened in 1638

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Historical Events

  • Jan 3 Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • Jan 3 Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • Jan 5 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • Feb 28 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • Mar 3 Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • Mar 22 Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Mar 29 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)
  • May 7 Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • May 14 Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquers Batticaloa, Ceylon
  • Jun 1 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
  • Jun 25 Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
  • Aug 9 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx
  • Sep 1 -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
  • Dec 17 French/Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
  • Jan 1 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • Jan 10 Nicolas Steno, Danish Scientist and Bishop (d. 1686)
  • Jan 12 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • Jan 24 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • Feb 14 Sybilla Schwarz, writer
  • Mar 14 Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)
  • Mar 15 Shunzhi Emperor of China
  • Mar 23 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist
  • Apr 11 Diogo Diaz Melgaz, composer
  • May 6 Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, English politician and First Lord of the Admiralty (d. 1696)
  • May 13 Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
  • Jun 15 Samuel Apostool, Dutch vicar/theologist (The Sun)
  • Jul 6 Gerrit A Berckheyde, Dutch painter
  • Jul 8 Matteo Coferati, composer
  • Jul 10 David Teniers III, Flemish painter (carpet cartons)
  • Jul 15 Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani, composer
  • Aug 6 Nicolas de Malebranche, French philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 5 Louis XIV [Sun King], King of France (1643-1715), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1715)

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 10 Maria Theresa of Spain, Queen of Louis XIV of France, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1683)

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • Oct 18 Lars Johnstown, [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet
  • Oct 31 Meindert Hobbema, Amsterdams landscape painter, baptised
  • Nov 25 Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II of England (d. 1705)
  • Dec 17 Johann Ulrich Sultzberger, composer

Famous Weddings

  • Feb 11 Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 21 Ignazio Donati, Italian composer (c. 1570)
  • Jan 27 Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • Feb 28 Claude G Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician/poet, dies at 56
  • Feb 28 Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier/Huguenot leader, dies
  • Mar 8 Jacob C van Neck, admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • Mar 19 Paul Moreelse, Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66
  • Mar 26 Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30
  • Apr 7 Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)
  • May 6 Cornelius Jansen, theologian (Jansenism), dies
  • May 27 Nicolas Forme, composer, dies at 71
  • Jun 27 Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • Jul 27 Johan VIII de Jongere, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • Aug 12 Johannes Althusius, [Althaut], German lawyer, dies at about 81
  • Aug 31 John Ward, composer, dies at 67
  • Sep 14 John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
  • Oct 17 Gilles Claesz de Hondecoeter, Flemish (?) painter, buried at about 63
  • Nov 8 Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50
  • Nov 11 Cornelis Cornelisz, "of Haarlem", painter, dies at about 76
  • Dec 10 Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatian writer (Osman), dies at 49
  • Dec 18 Le Pere Joseph, French mystic, dies