What Happened in 1638

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Historical Events

  • Jan 3rd Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • Jan 3rd Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • Jan 5th Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • Feb 28th Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • Mar 3rd Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • Mar 22nd Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Mar 29th 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)
  • May 7th Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • May 14th Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquerors Batticaloa, Ceylon
  • Jun 1st 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
  • Jun 25th Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
  • Aug 9th Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx
  • Sep 1st -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
  • Dec 17th French/Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1st Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
  • Jan 1st Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • Jan 10th Nicolas Steno, Danish Scientist and Bishop (d. 1686)
  • Jan 12th Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • Jan 24th Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • Feb 14th Sybilla Schwarz, writer
  • Mar 14th Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)
  • Mar 15th Shunzhi Emperor of China
  • Mar 23rd Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist
  • Apr 11th Diogo Diaz Melgaz, composer
  • May 6th Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, English politician and First Lord of the Admiralty (d. 1696)
  • May 13th Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
  • Jun 15th Samuel Apostool, Dutch vicar/theologist (The Sun)
  • Jul 6th Gerrit A Berckheyde, Dutch painter
  • Jul 8th Matteo Coferati, composer
  • Jul 10th David Teniers III, Flemish painter (carpet cartons)
  • Jul 15th Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani, composer
  • Aug 6th Nicolas de Malebranche, French philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 5th Louis XIV, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, King of France (1643-1715), (Sun King), (d. 1715)

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 10th Maria Theresa of Spain, El Escorial, Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France (d. 1683)

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • Oct 18th Lars Johnstown, [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet
  • Oct 31st Meindert Hobbema, Amsterdams landscape painter, baptised
  • Nov 25th Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II of England (d. 1705)
  • Dec 17th Johann Ulrich Sultzberger, composer

Famous Weddings

  • Feb 11th Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 21st Ignazio Donati, Italian composer (c. 1570)
  • Jan 27th Gonzalo de C├ęspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • Feb 28th Claude G Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician/poet, dies at 56
  • Feb 28th Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier/Huguenot leader, dies
  • Mar 8th Jacob C van Neck, admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • Mar 19th Paul Moreelse, Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66
  • Mar 26th Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30
  • Apr 7th Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)
  • May 6th Cornelius Jansen, theologian (Jansenism), dies
  • May 27th Nicolas Forme, composer, dies at 71
  • Jun 27th Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • Jul 27th Johan VIII de Jongere, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • Aug 12th Johannes Althusius, [Althaut], German lawyer, dies at about 81
  • Aug 31st John Ward, composer, dies at 67
  • Sep 14th John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
  • Oct 17th Gilles Claesz de Hondecoeter, Flemish (?) painter, buried at about 63
  • Nov 8th Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50
  • Nov 11th Cornelis Cornelisz, "of Haarlem", painter, dies at about 76
  • Dec 10th Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatian writer (Osman), dies at 49
  • Dec 18th Le Pere Joseph, French mystic, dies