What Happened in 1649

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Historical Events

  • Jan 5 Francesco Cavalli's opera "Giasone" premieres in Venice
  • Jan 6 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"
  • Feb 5 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britian by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland
  • Mar 11 The Frondeurs (French rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • Apr 21 Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship
  • May 19 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Long Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years
  • Jun 1 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • Sep 2 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • Sep 11 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists
  • Sep 30 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague

World Leaders in 1649

Famous People in 1649

Famous People Born in 1649

  • Jan 22 Pascal Collasse, composer
  • Feb 2 Benedict XIII, [Pierfrancesco Orsini], Italy, 245th pope (1724-30)
  • Feb 8 Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
  • Feb 11 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
  • Feb 23 John Blow, composer of 1st English opera (Venus & Adonis) (baptized)
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