What Happened in 1652

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Historical Events

  • Jan 24th Duke of Orleans joins Fronde rebels
  • Apr 6th Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck
  • Apr 7th Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
  • May 4th Battle at Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
  • May 10th John Johnson, a free African American, is granted 550 acres in Northampton, Va
  • May 13th Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
  • May 18th Rhode Island enacts 1st law declaring slavery illegal
  • May 19th Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • May 29th Battle of Goodwin Sands, off Folkestone, Kent: English 'General at Sea' Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp
  • Jun 10th In Boston, John Hull opens the 1st mint in America
  • Jun 27th New Amsterdam (now New York City) enacts first speed limit law in North America
  • Jul 4th Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
  • Jul 6th Fire on Dutch Dam (Amsterdam's city hall burns)
  • Jul 10th England declares war on The Netherlands - beginning of the 1st Anglo-Dutch war
  • Jul 25th Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • Aug 26th Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory
  • Sep 7th Battle of Monte Christo: Dutch fleet under J van Galen beat English
  • Sep 16th Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • Sep 28th English-Dutch sea battle at Kentish Knock
  • Oct 13th Prince of Condé flees Paris
  • Oct 21st King Louis XIV returns to Paris
  • Dec 10th Sea battle at Dungeness: lt-admiral Maarten Tromp beats English fleet

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1st Johann Krieger, composer
  • Jan 7th Pavao Vitezovic, Croatia, writer/historian
  • Mar 3rd Thomas Otway, England, playwright/poet (Venice Preserved)
  • Mar 28th Samuel Sewall, American magistrate (d. 1730)
  • Apr 7th Pope Clement XII (d. 1740)
  • Apr 16th Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], Italy, Pope (1730-40)
  • Apr 21st Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)
  • May 14th Johann Philipp Fortsch, composer
  • May 27th Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van de Palts, German/French duchess of Orleans
  • Jun 8th William Dampier, English explorer/pirate
  • Jul 2nd Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans)
  • Aug 10th Peterus I Scheemaeckers, Flemish sculptor (tomb stones)
  • Oct 13th Johann Heinrich Kittel, composer
  • Oct 19th Louis Le Quointe, composer
  • Nov 20th Romanus Weichlein, composer
  • Dec 9th Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)
  • Dec 16th Giovanni Maria Casini, composer
  • Dec 25th Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)

Famous Weddings

  • May 2nd Daughter of the Prince of Orange, Albertine Agnes marries William Frederick Prince of Nassau-Dietz

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 17th Gregorio Allegri, Italian singer/composer (Miserere), dies at about 67
  • Mar 21st Vredius, [Olivier de Wree], Flem historian/mayor (Brugge), dies at 55
  • Apr 15th Patriarch Joseph, head of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • Apr 21st Pietro Della Valle, composer, dies at 66
  • May 27th Jacques Huyn, composer, dies at 39
  • Jun 19th Louis de Geer, Neth/Swedish industrialist/millionaire, dies at 64
  • Jun 21st Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
  • Jun 24th Andries Bicker, merchant/Amsterdam regent, dies at 65
  • Jul 24th Johann Weichmann, composer, dies at 32
  • Jul 30th John Cloppenburg, vicar/theologist, dies at 68
  • Jul 30th Charles Amédée de Savoie, 6th Duc de Nemours, French soldier (b. 1624)
  • Aug 9th John Both, landscape painter/etcher, dies at about 37
  • Aug 14th Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 60
  • Aug 18th Benjamin G Cuyp, historical painter, dies at about 40
  • Aug 22nd Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1583)
  • Aug 23rd John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English royalist politician (b. 1600)
  • Sep 16th Dirck Janszoon Sweelinck, Dutch composer, dies at 61
  • Sep 17th Bonaventura Elsevier, book publisher/merchant, dies at about 69
  • Sep 28th John Asselijn, landscape painter/etcher, dies at about 42
  • Oct 8th John Greaves, English mathematician (b. 1602)
  • Oct 13th Abraham Verhoeven, Flemish printer/newspaper publisher, dies
  • Oct 20th Antonio Coello, Spanish writer (b. 1611)
  • Oct 27th Henry, count of Nassau-Siegen, colonel/gov of Hulst, dies
  • Nov 4th Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
  • Nov 21st Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • Dec 8th Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel, Flemish missionary, murdered at 35
  • Dec 23rd John Cotton, Mass Bay Puritan preacher, dies at 68
  • Dec 31st Frances Cecil, 2nd wife of English earl of Shaftesbury, dies