What Happened in 1715

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Historical Events

  • Apr 15th Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • Apr 20th Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London
  • Apr 29th John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
  • May 1st Prussia declares war on Sweden
  • May 3rd Edmund Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"
  • Jul 29th 10 Spanish treasure galleons sinks off Florida coast by hurricane
  • Jul 30th Spanish gold & silver fleet disappears off St Lucie, Florida
  • Aug 1st First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1st King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Sep 6th Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland
  • Nov 13th Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
  • Nov 15th Barrier Treaty, Austria cedes area to Netherlands
  • Nov 24th London's Thames River freezes over
  • Nov 25th First English patent granted to an American, for processing corn
  • Dec 12th Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23]
  • Dec 22nd English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead
  • Dec 23rd Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • Dec 24th Swedish troops occupy Norway

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 10th Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)
  • Jan 12th Jacques Duphly, composer
  • Jan 26th Claude Helvetius, philosopher, born in Paris, France
  • Jan 27th Vaclav Kalous, composer
  • Jan 29th Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian (court) composer/pianist
  • Mar 4th James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • Mar 7th Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (d. 1755)
  • Mar 7th Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • Mar 19th Charles-Joseph van Helmont, composer
  • Apr 3rd John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d.1783)
  • Apr 3rd William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
  • Apr 11th John Alcock, English composer and organist, born in London (d. 1806)
  • Apr 17th Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht, composer
  • Apr 19th James Nares, English composer, born in Stanwell (d. 1783)
  • Apr 23rd Johann Friedrich Doles, composer
  • Apr 28th Franz Sparry, composer
  • May 4th Richard Graves, English writer (d. 1804)
  • May 5th Daniel Dal Barba, composer
  • May 22nd François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1794)
  • Jun 2nd Herman-Francois Delange, composer
  • Jun 25th Joseph-François Foulon, French politician (d. 1789)
  • Jul 4th Christian F Gellert, Saxony, poet/novelist (Fables & Tales)
  • Jul 16th Charles, Prince de Rohan-Soubise, marshal of France
  • Jul 25th Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry)
  • Aug 6th Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (d. 1747)
  • Sep 22nd Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • Sep 30th Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • Oct 5th Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (d. 1789)
  • Oct 8th Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1774)
  • Oct 23rd Peter II Aleksejevitsj, Saint Petersburg, tsar of Russia (1727-30)
  • Nov 5th John Brown, English writer (d. 1766)
  • Nov 8th Elisabeth C van Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederik II "the Great"
  • Nov 13th Dorothea Erxleben, German, first female medical doctor (d. 1762)
  • Nov 16th Girolamo Abos, composer
  • Nov 23rd Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • Dec 8th John Althuysen, Frisian vicar/poet (Frisianche rymlery)
  • Dec 9th Georg Gottfried Petri, composer
  • Dec 12th Gennaro Manna, composer
  • Dec 27th Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 7th François Fénelon, French-Catholic theologian and writer (b. 1651)
  • Feb 3rd Gottfried Vopelius, composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 17th Antoine Galland, French interpreter, dies at 68
  • Feb 21st Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (b. 1637)
  • Feb 25th Pu Songling, Chinese writer (b. 1640)
  • Mar 11th Jan-Erasmus Quellinus, Flemish painter, dies at 80
  • Mar 17th Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
  • May 19th Charles Montagu, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)
  • Jun 25th Jean du Casse, French admiral (b. 1646)
  • Jul 5th Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
  • Aug 12th Nahum Tate, English poet/playwright/poet laureate, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 1st Louis XIV, the sun king of France (1643-1715), dies at 76

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Sep 1st François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • Sep 2nd Constantin Christian Dedekind, composer, dies at 87
  • Oct 13th Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)
  • Oct 15th Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
  • Dec 14th Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1636)
  • Dec 15th George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73
  • Dec 28th William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)