What Happened in 1731

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Historical Events

  • Jan 10th Charles Farnese becomes duke of Parma/Piacenza

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 2nd George Frideric Handel's opera "Poro" premieres in London

  • Mar 16th Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • Mar 24th Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.
  • Apr 9th British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain
  • May 28th All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24th Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Jul 22nd Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • Sep 3rd Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8th In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st US library

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Nov 30th Beijing hit by Earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • Dec 22nd Dutch people revolt against meat tax
  • Dec 30th 1st US music concert (Peter Pelham's great room in Boston)

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 25th Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • Mar 7th Jean-Louis Laruette, composer
  • Mar 11th Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 4th Francisco Morera, composer
  • Apr 8th William Williams, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • May 11th Johann Gottfried Seyfert, composer
  • May 29th Orazio Mei, Italian composer, born in Pisa (d. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 13th Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802)

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Jul 3rd Samuel Huntington, (Gov-Ct), Continental Congress pres
  • Aug 4th Giuseppe Colla, composer
  • Sep 2nd Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 7th Damasus Brosmann, composer
  • Sep 7th Elisabetta de Gambarini, composer
  • Sep 9th Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10th Henry Cavendish, England, physicist/chemist (discovered hydrogen)
  • Nov 1st Theodore-Jean Tarade, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 9th Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician/surveyor of Washington D.C., born around Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1806)

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Nov 11th Carl Joseph Toeschi, composer
  • Nov 15th William Cowper, English lawyer/poet (John Gilpin) [OS]
  • Nov 26th William Cowper, England, pre-romantic poet (His Task) [NS]
  • Nov 27th Gaetano Pugnani, composer
  • Dec 6th Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7th Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter
  • Dec 8th Frantisek Xaver Dusek, composer
  • Dec 12th Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)
  • Dec 26th Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)
  • Dec 28th Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 6th Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
  • Jan 21st Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
  • Jan 27th Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian instrument maker - considered the inventor of the piano, dies at 75
  • Feb 20th Frederich Karl Erbach, composer, dies at 50
  • Feb 22nd Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • Feb 27th Angelo Predieri, composer, dies at 76
  • Mar 8th Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • Mar 15th Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician, dies at 75
  • Apr 10th Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich, composer, dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 24th Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • May 1st Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)
  • Aug 17th Johann Augustin Kobelius, composer, dies at 57
  • Sep 1st Pierre Danican Philidor, composer, dies at 50
  • Sep 20th Sicco van Goslinga, Fries diplomat/sect of High Council, dies at 67
  • Nov 2nd Johann Matthias Leffloth, composer, dies at 26
  • Dec 26th Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • Dec 29th J Brook Taylor, English mathematician, dies at 46