What Happened in 1731

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Historical Events

  • Jan 10 Charles Farnese becomes duke of Parma/Piacenza

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 2 George Frideric Handel's opera "Poro" premieres in London

  • Mar 16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • Mar 24 Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.
  • Apr 9 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain
  • May 28 All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Jul 22 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • Sep 3 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st library in the north American colonies

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Nov 30 Beijing hit by an earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • Dec 22 Dutch people revolt against meat tax
  • Dec 30 1st US music concert (Peter Pelham's great room in Boston)

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • Mar 7 Jean-Louis Laruette, composer
  • Mar 11 Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 4 Francisco Morera, composer
  • Apr 8 William Williams, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • May 11 Johann Gottfried Seyfert, composer
  • May 29 Orazio Mei, Italian composer, born in Pisa (d. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 13 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802)

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Jul 3 Samuel Huntington, (Gov-Ct), Continental Congress pres
  • Aug 4 Giuseppe Colla, composer
  • Sep 2 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 7 Damasus Brosmann, composer
  • Sep 7 Elisabetta de Gambarini, composer
  • Sep 9 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist/chemist (discovered hydrogen)
  • Nov 1 Theodore-Jean Tarade, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., born around Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1806)

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Nov 11 Carl Joseph Toeschi, composer
  • Nov 15 William Cowper, English lawyer/poet (John Gilpin) [OS]
  • Nov 26 William Cowper, England, pre-romantic poet (His Task) [NS]
  • Nov 27 Gaetano Pugnani, composer
  • Dec 6 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter
  • Dec 8 Frantisek Xaver Dusek, composer
  • Dec 12 Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)
  • Dec 26 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)
  • Dec 28 Christian Cannabich, German composer/royal chaplain master

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 6 Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
  • Jan 21 Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
  • Jan 27 Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian instrument maker - considered the inventor of the piano, dies at 75
  • Feb 20 Frederich Karl Erbach, composer, dies at 50
  • Feb 22 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • Feb 27 Angelo Predieri, composer, dies at 76
  • Mar 8 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • Mar 15 Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician, dies at 75
  • Apr 10 Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich, composer, dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 24 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Novelist
Daniel Defoe
  • May 1 Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)
  • Aug 17 Johann Augustin Kobelius, composer, dies at 57
  • Sep 1 Pierre Danican Philidor, composer, dies at 50
  • Sep 20 Sicco van Goslinga, Fries diplomat/sect of High Council, dies at 67
  • Nov 2 Johann Matthias Leffloth, composer, dies at 26
  • Dec 26 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • Dec 29 J Brook Taylor, English mathematician, dies at 46