What Happened in 1742

Historical Events

  • Jan 24 German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • Feb 1 Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
  • Feb 2 British Walpole government resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 9 Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, enobled as 1st Earl of Orford

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 16 Spencer Compton becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain (First Lord of the Treasury)

British Prime Minister Spencer Compton
British Prime Minister
Spencer Compton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

May 17 Battle of Chotusitz: Frederick II and Prussia defeat the Austrians

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • May 28 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
  • Jun 9 Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jul 28 Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
  • Aug 29 Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
  • Sep 24 Faneuil Hall, Boston, opens to public
  • Nov 18 Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant
  • Dec 1 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • Dec 13 Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 15 Eugene Godecharle, composer
  • Jan 24 Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • Jan 26 Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers, composer
  • Mar 4 Johann Heinrich Egli, composer
  • Mar 19 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • Mar 19 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • Apr 24 Roman Hoffstetter, composer
  • May 3 Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz, composer
  • May 8 Johann Baptist Krumpholtz, composer
  • May 13 Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • Jun 17 William Hooper, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • Jun 22 Heinrich Gottfried Reichard, composer
  • Jun 26 Arthur Middleton, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Jul 1 Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer (types of Lichtenberg)
  • Jul 19 Jean-Baptiste Davaux, composer
  • Aug 7 Nathanael Greene, American Revoluntionary War General
  • Aug 14 Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
  • Sep 14 James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Oct 12 Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor
  • Nov 5 Richard Cosway, English artist (d. 1821)
  • Nov 18 Felix Maximo Lopez, composer
  • Nov 21 Alessandro Felici, composer
  • Dec 9 Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist (lemon acid)
  • Dec 16 Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
  • Dec 25 Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  • Jan 6 Johann Georg Reinhardt, composer, dies
  • Jan 14 Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
  • Feb 22 Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
  • Feb 28 Willem J 's-Gravesande, Dutch physicist, dies at 53
  • Mar 23 Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • Apr 2 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • Apr 13 Giovanni Veneziano, composer, dies at 59
  • Apr 17 Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
  • Apr 23 Mihael Omerza, composer, dies at 62
  • May 11 Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 70
  • May 13 Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
  • May 14 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
  • May 21 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • May 26 Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (b. 1672)
  • Jun 8 Omobono Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 62
  • Jun 18 John Aislabie, English politician (b. 1670)
  • Jun 28 Johann Joseph Ignaz Brentner, composer, dies at 52
  • Jul 1 Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Czech monk/composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 4 Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
  • Jul 9 John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • Jul 12 Evaristo EF dall' Abaco, Italian cellist/composer, dies on 67th birthday
  • Jul 14 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • Jul 19 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • Jul 19 William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • Aug 25 Jose Antonio Carlos de Seixas, composer, dies at 38
  • Sep 24 Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • Sep 27 Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
  • Sep 28 Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • Nov 12 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • Dec 31 Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)