What Happened in 1742

Historical Events

  • Jan 24th German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • Feb 1st Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
  • Feb 2nd British Walpole government resigns
  • Feb 9th Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, enobled as 1st Earl of Orford
  • Feb 16th Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier (First Lord of the Treasury)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13th George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

May 17th Battle of Chotusitz: Frederick II and Prussia defeat the Austrians

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • May 28th 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
  • Jun 9th Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 11th Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jul 28th Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
  • Aug 29th Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
  • Sep 24th Faneuil Hall, Boston, opens to public
  • Nov 18th Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant
  • Dec 1st Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • Dec 13th Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 15th Eugene Godecharle, composer
  • Jan 24th Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • Jan 26th Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers, composer
  • Mar 4th Johann Heinrich Egli, composer
  • Mar 19th Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • Mar 19th Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • Apr 24th Roman Hoffstetter, composer
  • May 3rd Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz, composer
  • May 8th Johann Baptist Krumpholtz, composer
  • May 13th Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • Jun 17th William Hooper, US attorney (signed Decl of Independence)
  • Jun 22nd Heinrich Gottfried Reichard, composer
  • Jun 26th Arthur Middleton, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Jul 1st Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer (types of Lichtenberg)
  • Jul 19th Jean-Baptiste Davaux, composer
  • Aug 7th Nathanael Greene, American Revoluntionary War General
  • Aug 14th Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
  • Sep 14th James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Oct 12th Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor
  • Nov 5th Richard Cosway, English artist (d. 1821)
  • Nov 18th Felix Maximo Lopez, composer
  • Nov 21st Alessandro Felici, composer
  • Dec 9th Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist (lemon acid)
  • Dec 16th Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
  • Dec 25th Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1st Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  • Jan 6th Johann Georg Reinhardt, composer, dies
  • Jan 14th Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
  • Feb 22nd Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
  • Feb 28th Willem J 's-Gravesande, Dutch physicist, dies at 53
  • Mar 23rd Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • Apr 2nd James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • Apr 13th Giovanni Veneziano, composer, dies at 59
  • Apr 17th Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
  • Apr 23rd Mihael Omerza, composer, dies at 62
  • May 11th Francesco Stradivari, Ital violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 70
  • May 13th Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
  • May 14th Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
  • May 21st Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • May 26th Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (b. 1672)
  • Jun 8th Omobono Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 62
  • Jun 18th John Aislabie, English politician (b. 1670)
  • Jun 28th Johann Joseph Ignaz Brentner, composer, dies at 52
  • Jul 1st Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Czech monk/composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 4th Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
  • Jul 9th John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • Jul 12th Evaristo EF dall' Abaco, Ital cellist/composer, dies on 67th birthday
  • Jul 14th Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • Jul 19th John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • Jul 19th William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • Aug 25th Jose Antonio Carlos de Seixas, composer, dies at 38
  • Sep 24th Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • Sep 27th Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
  • Sep 28th Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • Nov 12th Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • Dec 31st Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)