What Happened in 1742

Historical Events

  • Jan 24th German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • Feb 1st Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
  • Feb 2nd British Walpole government resigns
  • Feb 9th Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, enobled as 1st Earl of Orford
  • Feb 16th Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier (First Lord of the Treasury)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13th George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

May 17th Battle of Chotusitz: Frederick II and Prussia defeat the Austrians

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • May 28th 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
  • Jun 9th Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11th Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jul 28th Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
  • Aug 29th Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
  • Sep 24th Faneuil Hall, Boston, opens to public
  • Nov 18th Prussia & Brtain sign anti-French military covenant
  • Dec 1st Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • Dec 13th Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 15th Eugene Godecharle, composer
  • Jan 24th Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • Jan 26th Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers, composer
  • Mar 4th Johann Heinrich Egli, composer
  • Mar 19th Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • Mar 19th Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • Apr 24th Roman Hoffstetter, composer
  • May 3rd Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz, composer
  • May 8th Johann Baptist Krumpholtz, composer
  • May 13th Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • Jun 17th William Hooper, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • Jun 22nd Heinrich Gottfried Reichard, composer
  • Jun 26th Arthur Middleton, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Jul 1st Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer (types of Lichtenberg)
  • Jul 19th Jean-Baptiste Davaux, composer
  • Aug 7th Nathanael Greene, American Revoluntionary War General
  • Aug 14th Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
  • Sep 14th James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Oct 12th Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor
  • Nov 5th Richard Cosway, English artist (d. 1821)
  • Nov 18th Felix Maximo Lopez, composer
  • Nov 21st Alessandro Felici, composer
  • Dec 9th Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist (lemon acid)
  • Dec 16th Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
  • Dec 25th Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1st Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  • Jan 6th Johann Georg Reinhardt, composer, dies
  • Jan 14th Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
  • Feb 22nd Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
  • Feb 28th Willem J 's-Gravesande, Dutch physicist, dies at 53
  • Mar 23rd Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • Apr 2nd James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • Apr 13th Giovanni Veneziano, composer, dies at 59
  • Apr 17th Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
  • Apr 23rd Mihael Omerza, composer, dies at 62
  • May 11th Francesco Stradivari, Ital violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 70
  • May 13th Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
  • May 14th Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
  • May 21st Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • May 26th Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (b. 1672)
  • Jun 8th Omobono Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 62
  • Jun 18th John Aislabie, English politician (b. 1670)
  • Jun 28th Johann Joseph Ignaz Brentner, composer, dies at 52
  • Jul 1st Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Czech monk/composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 4th Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
  • Jul 9th John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • Jul 12th Evaristo EF dall' Abaco, Ital cellist/composer, dies on 67th birthday
  • Jul 14th Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • Jul 19th John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • Jul 19th William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • Aug 25th Jose Antonio Carlos de Seixas, composer, dies at 38
  • Sep 24th Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • Sep 27th Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
  • Sep 28th Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • Nov 12th Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • Dec 31st Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)