What Happened in 1743

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Historical Events

  • Feb 3rd Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • Feb 8th Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth
  • Feb 14th Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury
  • Mar 5th 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • Mar 14th 1st American town meeting (Boston's Faneuil Hall)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23rd George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

  • Jun 27th War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch would command troops in the field.
  • Jul 18th 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • Aug 10th Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • Aug 14th Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • Aug 16th Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton)
  • Aug 17th Sweden & Russia sign peace treaty
  • Sep 2nd Britain/Austria/Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Sep 13th Britain, Austria & Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Nov 5th Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 20th Pascal Boyer, composer
  • Jan 21st John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 13th Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Feb 19th [Ridolfo] Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer, cellist (Minuet)
  • Feb 23rd Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
  • Mar 8th Bendix Friedrich Zinck, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13th Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Apr 24th Edmund Cartwright, England, cleric, inventor (power loom)
  • Apr 30th Robert Jasper van de Capellen, master of Marsch/politician
  • May 17th Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (d. 1784)
  • May 24th Jean-Paul Marat, France, revolutionist
  • Jun 8th Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • Jun 20th Anna L Barbauld, writer of hymns
  • Jun 30th Niels Schiorring, composer
  • Jul 3rd Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14th Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31st August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19th Marie Jeanne Becu Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26th Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (Oxygen), born in Paris, France
  • Sep 17th Jean-Marie Caritat, France, mathematician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 17th Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), born in Ribemont, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • Sep 22nd Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • Sep 30th Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, composer
  • Oct 5th Giuseppi Gazzaniga, composer
  • Nov 11th Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1st Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • Dec 6th Franz Nikolaus Novotny, composer
  • Dec 23rd Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)
  • Dec 29th Alexander van Bylandt, Dutch military officer

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3rd Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • Jan 29th Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • Feb 1st Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer, dies at 85
  • Feb 7th Lodovico Giustini, composer, dies at 57
  • Feb 18th Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
  • Mar 9th Jean-Baptiste Lully fils, French composer, dies at 77
  • Apr 4th Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
  • Apr 16th Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
  • Apr 29th Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • Apr 30th Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian playwright/poet, dies
  • Jul 2nd Spencer Compton earl of Wilmington, English minister of Finance, dies
  • Aug 1st Richard Savage, English poet/playwright, dies at about 46
  • Aug 5th John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • Sep 14th Johann Michael Muller, composer, dies at 59
  • Sep 14th Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • Sep 21st Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • Oct 4th John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll/fieldmarshal, dies at 64
  • Nov 5th Andreas Benedikt Praelisauer, composer, dies at 44
  • Dec 27th Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)