What Happened in 1743

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Historical Events

  • Feb 3rd Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • Feb 8th Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth
  • Feb 14th Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury
  • Mar 5th 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • Mar 14th 1st American town meeting (Boston's Faneuil Hall)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 23rd George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

  • Jun 27th War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch would command troops in the field.
  • Jul 18th 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • Aug 10th Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • Aug 14th Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • Aug 16th Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton)
  • Aug 17th Sweden & Russia sign peace treaty
  • Sep 2nd Britain/Austria/Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Sep 13th Britain, Austria & Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Nov 5th Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 20th Pascal Boyer, composer
  • Jan 21st John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 13th Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Feb 19th [Ridolfo] Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer, cellist (Minuet)
  • Feb 23rd Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
  • Mar 8th Bendix Friedrich Zinck, composer

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13th Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, (D-R) 3rd President of the United States (1801-09) (d. 1826)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Apr 24th Edmund Cartwright, England, cleric, inventor (power loom)
  • Apr 30th Robert Jasper van de Capellen, master of Marsch/politician
  • May 17th Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (d. 1784)
  • May 24th Jean-Paul Marat, France, revolutionist
  • Jun 8th Alessandro Cagliostro, Palermo Italy, adventurer
  • Jun 20th Anna L Barbauld, writer of hymns
  • Jun 30th Niels Schiorring, composer
  • Jul 3rd Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14th Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31st August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19th Marie Jeanne Becu Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26th Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, Paris, father of mod chemistry (Oxygen)
  • Sep 17th Jean-Marie Caritat, France, mathematician

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 17th Marquis de Condorcet, Aisn France, enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • Sep 22nd Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • Sep 30th Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, composer
  • Oct 5th Giuseppi Gazzaniga, composer
  • Nov 11th Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1st Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
  • Dec 6th Franz Nikolaus Novotny, composer
  • Dec 23rd Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)
  • Dec 29th Alexander van Bylandt, Dutch military officer

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3rd Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • Jan 29th Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • Feb 1st Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer, dies at 85
  • Feb 7th Lodovico Giustini, composer, dies at 57
  • Feb 18th Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
  • Mar 9th Jean-Baptiste Lully fils, Ital/Fr composer dies at 77
  • Apr 4th Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
  • Apr 16th Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch lawyer (Roman law), dies at 69
  • Apr 29th Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • Apr 30th Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian playwright/poet, dies
  • Jul 2nd Spencer Compton earl of Wilmington, English minister of Finance, dies
  • Aug 1st Richard Savage, English poet/playwright, dies at about 46
  • Aug 5th John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • Sep 14th Johann Michael Muller, composer, dies at 59
  • Sep 14th Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • Sep 21st Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • Oct 4th John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll/fieldmarshal, dies at 64
  • Nov 5th Andreas Benedikt Praelisauer, composer, dies at 44
  • Dec 27th Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)