What Happened in 1746

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Historical Events

  • Jan 3rd Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]
  • Jan 8th Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Stirling [NS=Jan 19]
  • Jan 14th Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
  • Jan 17th Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.
  • Jan 19th Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]
  • Feb 10th The Pelham brothers resign from the British government, but resume office when King George II backs down.
  • Feb 21st Jacobite Rising 1745: British forces surrender Inverness Castle to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite forces
  • Feb 22nd French troops conquer Brussels
  • Feb 22nd Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen
  • Feb 25th Cumberlands troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Mar 5th Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen
  • Mar 8th Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Apr 16th Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
  • May 22nd Russia & Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • Jun 1st French troops conquer Antwerp
  • Jun 2nd Russia & Austria sign agreements
  • Jun 16th Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish & French army
  • Jul 10th Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • Sep 20th Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • Sep 21st French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais & Dupleix Madras
  • Sep 23rd Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • Oct 1st Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • Oct 11th Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English/Austria/Neth armies
  • Oct 22nd Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • Oct 28th Peruvian cities of Lima & Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • Dec 5th Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 11th Frantisek Adam Mica, composer
  • Jan 11th William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • Jan 12th Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Zurich, Switzerland, educator (Leonard & Gertrude) [[OS]
  • Jan 24th Gustav III, king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
  • Feb 4th Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)
  • Feb 16th Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • Feb 26th Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • Feb 27th Gian Francesco Fortunati, composer
  • Mar 5th Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • Mar 8th André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
  • Mar 13th Maurus Haberhauer, composer
  • Mar 17th Jan David Holland, composer
  • Mar 27th Augustin Ullinger, composer
  • Mar 27th Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney/father of emperor Napoleon
  • Mar 27th Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
  • Mar 30th Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)
  • Apr 23rd Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
  • May 10th Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • May 13th Oliver Brownson, composer
  • May 19th Johann Friedrich Peter, composer
  • Jun 3rd James Hook, composer
  • Jun 24th Jean Baptiste Rochefort, composer
  • Jul 2nd Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, composer
  • Jul 7th Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith, composer
  • Jul 16th Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian monk/discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • Jul 28th Thomas Heyward, soldier, signed Decl of Ind
  • Aug 2nd Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist/patriot
  • Aug 7th Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classical/historian
  • Aug 8th Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch attorney/poet (church songs)
  • Sep 4th Bernardus Bosch, Dutch Patriot/poet/writer, baptised
  • Sep 20th Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (d. 1786)
  • Sep 28th Sir William Jones, British Orientalist/jurist (d. 1794), born in London, England
  • Sep 29th Ernst Ludwig Gerber, composer
  • Oct 7th William Billings, American hymn composer (Rose of Sharon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1800)
  • Oct 27th Georg Anton Kreusser, composer
  • Nov 6th African-American abolitionist and clergyman Absalom Jones born into slavery in Delaware
  • Nov 12th Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon
  • Nov 14th Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal
  • Nov 15th Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (d. 1809)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 27th Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father, delivered oath of office to George Washington

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • Nov 27th Increase Sumner, 5th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1799)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5th Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer, composer, dies at 53
  • Jan 21st Gottfried Kirkhoff, composer, dies at 60
  • Feb 4th Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46
  • Feb 20th Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
  • Feb 28th Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
  • Mar 18th Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • Mar 20th Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • May 15th Giovanni Antonio Ricieri, composer, dies at 67
  • May 22nd Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
  • May 30th Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo, composer, dies at 69
  • Jul 2nd Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
  • Jul 9th Philip V, French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62
  • Jul 17th Anthonie van de Heim, Dutch pension advisor (1737-46), dies at 53
  • Jul 28th John Peter Zenger, journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies
  • Aug 6th Christian VI, king of Denmark/Norway, dies
  • Aug 27th Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer, composer, dies
  • Oct 2nd Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • Oct 14th Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
  • Nov 14th Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
  • Dec 6th Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)
  • Dec 8th Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)