What Happened in 1746

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Historical Events

  • Jan 3 Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]
  • Jan 8 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Stirling [NS=Jan 19]
  • Jan 14 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
  • Jan 17 Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.
  • Jan 19 Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]
  • Feb 10 The Pelham brothers resign from the British government, but resume office when King George II backs down.
  • Feb 21 Jacobite Rising 1745: British forces surrender Inverness Castle to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite forces
  • Feb 22 French troops conquer Brussels
  • Feb 22 Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen
  • Feb 25 The Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Mar 5 Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen
  • Mar 8 Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Apr 16 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
  • May 22 Russia & Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • Jun 1 French troops conquer Antwerp
  • Jun 2 Russia & Austria sign agreements
  • Jun 16 Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish & French army
  • Jul 10 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • Sep 20 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • Sep 21 French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais & Dupleix Madras
  • Sep 23 Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • Oct 1 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • Oct 11 Battle of Rocourt: French defeat British/Austrian/Dutch armies
  • Oct 22 Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • Oct 28 Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • Dec 5 Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 11 Frantisek Adam Mica, composer
  • Jan 11 William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • Jan 12 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Zurich, Switzerland, educator (Leonard & Gertrude) [[OS]
  • Jan 24 Gustav III, king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
  • Feb 4 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)
  • Feb 16 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • Feb 26 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • Feb 27 Gian Francesco Fortunati, composer
  • Mar 5 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • Mar 8 André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
  • Mar 13 Maurus Haberhauer, composer
  • Mar 17 Jan David Holland, composer
  • Mar 27 Augustin Ullinger, composer
  • Mar 27 Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney/father of emperor Napoleon
  • Mar 27 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
  • Mar 30 Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)
  • Apr 23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
  • May 10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • May 13 Oliver Brownson, composer
  • May 19 Johann Friedrich Peter, composer
  • Jun 3 James Hook, English composer, born in Norwich (d. 1827)
  • Jun 24 Jean Baptiste Rochefort, composer
  • Jul 2 Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, composer
  • Jul 7 Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith, composer
  • Jul 16 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian monk/discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • Jul 28 Thomas Heyward, soldier, signed Declaration of Independence
  • Aug 2 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist/patriot
  • Aug 7 Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classical/historian
  • Aug 8 Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch attorney/poet (church songs)
  • Sep 4 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch Patriot/poet/writer, baptised
  • Sep 20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (d. 1786)
  • Sep 28 Sir William Jones, British Orientalist/jurist (d. 1794), born in London, England
  • Sep 29 Ernst Ludwig Gerber, composer
  • Oct 7 William Billings, American hymn composer (Rose of Sharon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1800)
  • Oct 27 Georg Anton Kreusser, composer
  • Nov 6 African-American abolitionist and clergyman Absalom Jones born into slavery in Delaware
  • Nov 12 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon
  • Nov 14 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal
  • Nov 15 Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (d. 1809)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 27 Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father who delivered oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York (d. 1813)

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • Nov 27 Increase Sumner, 5th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1799)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5 Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer, composer, dies at 53
  • Jan 21 Gottfried Kirkhoff, composer, dies at 60
  • Feb 4 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46
  • Feb 20 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
  • Feb 28 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
  • Mar 18 Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • Mar 20 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • May 15 Giovanni Antonio Ricieri, composer, dies at 67
  • May 22 Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
  • May 30 Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo, composer, dies at 69
  • Jul 2 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
  • Jul 9 Philip V, French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62
  • Jul 17 Anthonie van de Heim, Dutch pension advisor (1737-46), dies at 53
  • Jul 28 John Peter Zenger, journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies
  • Aug 6 Christian VI, king of Denmark/Norway, dies
  • Aug 27 Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer, composer, dies
  • Oct 2 Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • Oct 14 Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
  • Nov 14 Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
  • Dec 6 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)
  • Dec 8 Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)