What Happened in 1746

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Historical Events

  • Jan 3rd Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]
  • Jan 8th Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Stirling [NS=Jan 19]
  • Jan 14th Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
  • Jan 17th Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces.
  • Jan 19th Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]
  • Feb 10th The Pelham brothers resign from the British government, but resume office when King George II backs down.
  • Feb 21st Jacobite Rising 1745: British forces surrender Inverness Castle to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite forces
  • Feb 22nd French troops conquer Brussels
  • Feb 22nd Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen
  • Feb 25th The Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Mar 5th Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen
  • Mar 8th Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • Apr 16th Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army.
  • May 22nd Russia & Austria sign treaty of cooperation
  • Jun 1st French troops conquer Antwerp
  • Jun 2nd Russia & Austria sign agreements
  • Jun 16th Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish & French army
  • Jul 10th Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • Sep 20th Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • Sep 21st French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais & Dupleix Madras
  • Sep 23rd Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • Oct 1st Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • Oct 11th Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English/Austria/Neth armies
  • Oct 22nd Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • Oct 28th Peruvian cities of Lima & Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • Dec 5th Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 11th Frantisek Adam Mica, composer
  • Jan 11th William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • Jan 12th Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Zurich, Switzerland, educator (Leonard & Gertrude) [[OS]
  • Jan 24th Gustav III, king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
  • Feb 4th Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish, Lithuanian and American National hero and general (d. 1817)
  • Feb 16th Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • Feb 26th Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • Feb 27th Gian Francesco Fortunati, composer
  • Mar 5th Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • Mar 8th André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
  • Mar 13th Maurus Haberhauer, composer
  • Mar 17th Jan David Holland, composer
  • Mar 27th Augustin Ullinger, composer
  • Mar 27th Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney/father of emperor Napoleon
  • Mar 27th Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
  • Mar 30th Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)
  • Apr 23rd Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
  • May 10th Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • May 13th Oliver Brownson, composer
  • May 19th Johann Friedrich Peter, composer
  • Jun 3rd James Hook, composer
  • Jun 24th Jean Baptiste Rochefort, composer
  • Jul 2nd Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, composer
  • Jul 7th Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith, composer
  • Jul 16th Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian monk/discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • Jul 28th Thomas Heyward, soldier, signed Decl of Ind
  • Aug 2nd Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist/patriot
  • Aug 7th Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classical/historian
  • Aug 8th Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch attorney/poet (church songs)
  • Sep 4th Bernardus Bosch, Dutch Patriot/poet/writer, baptised
  • Sep 20th Móric Beňovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagascar (d. 1786)
  • Sep 28th Sir William Jones, British Orientalist/jurist (d. 1794), born in London, England
  • Sep 29th Ernst Ludwig Gerber, composer
  • Oct 7th William Billings, American hymn composer (Rose of Sharon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1800)
  • Oct 27th Georg Anton Kreusser, composer
  • Nov 6th African-American abolitionist and clergyman Absalom Jones born into slavery in Delaware
  • Nov 12th Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon
  • Nov 14th Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal
  • Nov 15th Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (d. 1809)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 27th Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father, delivered oath of office to George Washington

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • Nov 27th Increase Sumner, 5th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1799)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5th Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer, composer, dies at 53
  • Jan 21st Gottfried Kirkhoff, composer, dies at 60
  • Feb 4th Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), dies at 46
  • Feb 20th Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
  • Feb 28th Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
  • Mar 18th Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • Mar 20th Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • May 15th Giovanni Antonio Ricieri, composer, dies at 67
  • May 22nd Thomas Southerne, Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
  • May 30th Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo, composer, dies at 69
  • Jul 2nd Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
  • Jul 9th Philip V, French King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46), dies at 62
  • Jul 17th Anthonie van de Heim, Dutch pension advisor (1737-46), dies at 53
  • Jul 28th John Peter Zenger, journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies
  • Aug 6th Christian VI, king of Denmark/Norway, dies
  • Aug 27th Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer, composer, dies
  • Oct 2nd Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • Oct 14th Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
  • Nov 14th Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
  • Dec 6th Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)
  • Dec 8th Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)