What Happened in 1770

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
  • Jan 13 De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 19 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Boston Massacre (or the Incident on King Street ), British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Galvanised anti-British feelings

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks
  • Apr 12 Townsend Acts repealed
  • Apr 19 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Apr 20 Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales
  • Apr 28 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • May 26 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • Jun 3 Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in Calif
  • Jun 11 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia
  • Jun 19 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • Jun 19 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.
  • Jun 28 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia
  • Jul 5 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires.
  • Jul 6 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • Aug 22 James Cook's expedition lands on the east coast of Australia.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 25 Francis Burdett, British politician
  • Feb 5 Alexandre Brongniart, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary), born in Paris, France
  • Feb 18 Johann Christian Heinrich Rinck, composer
  • Feb 20 Ferdinando Carulli, composer
  • Feb 22 Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek, composer
  • Feb 26 Antoine Reicha, composer
  • Mar 2 Louis Gabriel Suchet, French Marshal (d. 1826)
  • Mar 13 Daniel Lambert, England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)
  • Mar 20 Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (d. 1843)
  • Mar 25 Carl Friedrich Ebers, composer
  • Mar 28 Sophie Mereau, German writer, born in Altenburg (d. 1806)
  • Apr 3 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general (d. 1843)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 7 William Wordsworth, English poet laureate (The Prelude), born in Cockermouth, Cumberland (d. 1850)

  • Apr 9 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)
  • Apr 11 George Canning, (C) British PM (1827)
  • Apr 14 George Canning, British PM (1827), born in London, England
  • Apr 19 Georg Abraham Schneider, German composer
  • Apr 25 Georg Sverdrup, Norwegian philologist (d. 1850)
  • Apr 28 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/minister of Foreign affairs
  • Apr 30 David Thompson, English/Canadian explorer (Columbia River)
  • May 10 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal (defeated Prussians)
  • May 19 Antoine-Charles Glachant, composer
  • May 22 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (d. 1840)
  • Jun 3 Manuel Belgrano, Argentina
  • Jun 4 James Hewitt, composer
  • Jun 7 Earl of Liverpool, (C) British PM (1812-27)
  • Jun 20 Moses Waddel, American educator/minister and bestselling author (d. 1840)
  • Jul 13 Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 William Clark, American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, born in Ladysmith, Virginia (d. 1838)

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • Aug 3 Frederik Willem III, reactionary king of Prussia (1797-1840)
  • Aug 27 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)
  • Sep 19 Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker
  • Oct 1 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799)
  • Oct 22 Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (d. 1831)
  • Nov 5 Etienne P de Senancour, French author (Obermann)
  • Nov 8 Friedrich Witt, composer
  • Nov 19 Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (Dying Lion), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1844)
  • Nov 28 F Louise W, daughter of viceroy Willem V & Wilhelmina of Prussia
  • Nov 29 Peter Hansel, composer
  • Dec 13 John Clarke-Whitfeld, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 16 Ludwig van Beethoven, Bonn, Germany, composer (5th Symphony, Ode to Joy), (d. 1827)

  • Dec 17 Johann Friedrich Schubert, composer
  • Dec 26 Pierre earl de Cambronne, French general (Waterloo, Elba)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

May 16 Marie Antoinette (14) marries future King Louis XVI (15) of France

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 19 Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson (37) weds land and estate owner Mary Norris (30) in a civil ceremony

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 9 Founding Father of America Robert R. Livingston (23) weds John Steven's daughter Mary Stevens

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 7 Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (b. 1695)
  • Jan 20 Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
  • Feb 22 Christopher Snider, 11, Boston, becomes 1st martyr of US Revolution
  • Feb 26 Francois Hanot, composer, dies at 72
  • Feb 26 Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer/violinist, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 5 Crispus Attucks, possible slave, is 1st of 5 killed during Boston Massacre at beginning of the American Revolution

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks
  • Mar 27 Giovanni B Tiepolo, Italian painter (Banquet of Cleopatra), dies at 73
  • Apr 19 Esprit Antoine Blanchard, French composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 25 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)
  • Apr 28 Marie AC de Camargo, Spanish/Italian/Belgian dancer, dies at 60
  • May 4 Christian Gottfried Krause, composer, dies at 51
  • May 10 Charles Avison, composer, dies at 61
  • May 30 François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
  • Jun 23 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (b. 1721)
  • Jul 14 David 't Kindt, Flemish architect (Mammelokker, Ghent), dies at 71
  • Jul 16 Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
  • Jul 26 Michael Schevenstuhl, composer, dies at 65
  • Jul 27 Robert Dinwiddie, British colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1693)
  • Aug 24 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Revenge), dies
  • Aug 26 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright/poet, dies at 42
  • Sep 9 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist, dies at 73
  • Sep 9 Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist, dies at 62
  • Sep 30 Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 30 George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader and preacher, dies in Newburyport, Massachusetts, at age 55

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • Oct 1 Louis-Gabriel Guillemain, composer, dies at 64
  • Oct 18 John Manners, Marquess of Granby, British soldier (b. 1721)
  • Nov 9 John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • Nov 13 George Grenville, British premier (1763-65)/Stamp Act, dies at 58
  • Nov 17 Gian Francesco de Majo, composer, dies at 38
  • Nov 24 Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (b. 1685)
  • Dec 5 James Stirling, Scot mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78
  • Dec 9 Gottlieb Theophil Muffat, composer, dies at 80
  • Dec 10 Theophil "Gottlieb" Muffat, German court organist/composer, dies at 80