What Happened in 1771

Historical Events

  • Jan 22nd Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • Feb 12th Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
  • Feb 16th Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
  • Feb 19th Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • May 7th Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • May 16th The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12th James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Jul 14th Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • Jul 31st Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam
  • Sep 8th Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26th Denis Diderot's "Le Fils Naturel" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • Oct 9th The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
  • Nov 4th Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 16th West Indian Company & Amsterdam divide up Suriname

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 17th Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
  • Jan 21st Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director
  • Jan 26th Jacob Andries van Braam, colonial director (Suriname)
  • Feb 9th Daniel Belknap, composer
  • Feb 18th Friedrich Christian Ruppe, composer and violinist, brother of Christian Friedrich Ruppe
  • Feb 24th Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher
  • Feb 28th French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter
  • Mar 1st Armand-Emmanuel Trial, composer
  • Mar 10th Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian (Idea und Probe)
  • Mar 22nd Heinrich D Zschokke, Swiss author (Das Goldmacherdorf)
  • Apr 13th Adam FJA van der Duyn, Dutch governor (South Holland)
  • Apr 13th Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)
  • Apr 18th Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (d. 1820)
  • Apr 19th Giuseppe Cartufo, composer
  • Apr 29th Matthaus Stegmayer, composer
  • May 1st George Guest, composer
  • May 14th Robert Owen, England, factory owner/socialist
  • May 26th Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German saloon owner/author
  • Jun 1st Ferdinando Paer, composer
  • Jun 3rd Sydney Smith, Woodford Essex, preacher/reformer/author
  • Jun 3rd Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • Jun 5th Ernst Augustus I, Duke of Cumberland/King of Hanover (1837-51)
  • Jun 5th Willem F, count of Bylandt, Dutch military officer
  • Jun 12th Patrick Gass, Falling Springs PA, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • Jun 19th Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician (d. 1859)
  • Jun 20th Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • Jun 24th E I Du Pont, France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont)
  • Aug 15th Walter Scott, Scotland, novelist/poet (Lady of Lake)
  • Aug 22nd Jan Joseph Rosler, composer
  • Aug 22nd Henry Maudslay, English inventor (d. 1831)
  • Sep 5th Charles L J, archduke of Austria/Gov (Austria Netherland)
  • Sep 14th Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
  • Sep 17th Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (d. 1816)
  • Sep 20th Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (Africa)
  • Sep 23rd Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • Oct 1st Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer
  • Oct 9th Frederik Willem, duke of Brunswick (1813-15)
  • Oct 23rd Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • Nov 6th Alois Senefelder, inventor (lithography)
  • Nov 11th Ephraim McDowell, surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 14th Marie François Xavier bichat, anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris, France (d. 1802)

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • Nov 17th Jonathan Huntington, composer
  • Nov 22nd Paul R Cantzlaar, gov of Saba/St-Eustatius/Curacao/Dutch-West Indies
  • Dec 25th Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet and diarist, brother of William Wordsworth, born in Cockermouth, Cumberland (d. 1855)
  • Dec 26th Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Regulus)
  • Dec 26th Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26th Political activist Thomas Paine (34) weds second wife Elizabeth Ollive

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

HeartWedding of Interest

May 14th King of France Louis XVIII weds princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy at the Palace of Versailles

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5th John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • Jan 11th Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, marquis d'Argens, French author, dies at 66
  • Feb 8th Augusta von Saxen-Gotha, German prince Frederick Louis of Wales, dies
  • Feb 12th Adolf Frederik, King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • Feb 20th Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (b. 1678)
  • Mar 1st Isfrid Kayser, composer, dies at 58
  • Mar 8th Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • May 21st Christopher Smart, English poet (b. 1722)
  • Jun 8th George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
  • Jun 23rd Jean-Claude Trial, composer, dies at 38
  • Jul 7th Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy), dies at 54
  • Jul 30th Thomas Gray, English poet, dies at 54
  • Sep 17th Tobias George Smollett, novelist (Adv of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • Oct 8th John E Loovens, lawyer, dies at 76
  • Oct 14th Franz Xaver Brixi, composer, dies at 39
  • Oct 18th Robert Praelisauer, composer, dies at 62
  • Oct 27th Johann Gottlieb Graun, composer, dies
  • Nov 6th Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch jurist, dies at 69
  • Nov 6th John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • Nov 13th Conrad E Ackermann, German actor/theater director, dies at 61
  • Nov 18th Giuseppe de Majo, composer, dies at 73
  • Dec 6th Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (b. 1682)
  • Dec 23rd Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint (b. 1701)
  • Dec 26th Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • Dec 27th Henri Pitot, French engineer (b. 1695)