What Happened in 1771

Historical Events

  • Jan 22 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • Feb 12 Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
  • Feb 16 Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
  • Feb 19 Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • May 7 Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • May 16 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs, England

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Jul 14 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • Jul 31 Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam
  • Sep 8 Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26 Denis Diderot's "Le Fils Naturel" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • Oct 9 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
  • Nov 4 Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 16 West Indian Company & Amsterdam divide up Suriname

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 17 Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
  • Jan 21 Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director
  • Jan 26 Jacob Andries van Braam, colonial director (Suriname)
  • Feb 9 Daniel Belknap, composer
  • Feb 18 Friedrich Christian Ruppe, composer and violinist, brother of Christian Friedrich Ruppe
  • Feb 24 Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher
  • Feb 28 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter
  • Mar 1 Armand-Emmanuel Trial, composer
  • Mar 10 Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian (Idea und Probe)
  • Mar 22 Heinrich D Zschokke, Swiss author (Das Goldmacherdorf)
  • Apr 13 Adam FJA van der Duyn, Dutch governor (South Holland)
  • Apr 13 Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)
  • Apr 18 Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (d. 1820)
  • Apr 19 Giuseppe Cartufo, composer
  • Apr 29 Matthaus Stegmayer, composer
  • May 1 George Guest, composer
  • May 14 Robert Owen, England, factory owner/socialist
  • May 26 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German saloon owner/author
  • Jun 1 Ferdinando Paer, composer
  • Jun 3 Sydney Smith, Woodford Essex, preacher/reformer/author
  • Jun 3 Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • Jun 5 Ernst Augustus I, Duke of Cumberland/King of Hanover (1837-51)
  • Jun 5 Willem F, count of Bylandt, Dutch military officer
  • Jun 12 Patrick Gass, Falling Springs PA, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • Jun 19 Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician (d. 1859)
  • Jun 20 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • Jun 24 E I Du Pont, France, chemist/scientist (Du Pont)
  • Aug 15 Walter Scott, Scotland, novelist/poet (Lady of Lake)
  • Aug 22 Jan Joseph Rosler, composer
  • Aug 22 Henry Maudslay, English inventor (d. 1831)
  • Sep 5 Charles L J, archduke of Austria/Gov (Austria Netherland)
  • Sep 14 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
  • Sep 17 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (d. 1816)
  • Sep 20 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (Africa)
  • Sep 23 Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • Oct 1 Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer
  • Oct 9 Frederik Willem, duke of Brunswick (1813-15)
  • Oct 23 Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • Nov 6 Alois Senefelder, inventor (lithography)
  • Nov 11 Ephraim McDowell, surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 14 Marie François Xavier bichat, anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), born in Paris, France (d. 1802)

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • Nov 17 Jonathan Huntington, composer
  • Nov 22 Paul R Cantzlaar, gov of Saba/St-Eustatius/Curacao/Dutch-West Indies
  • Dec 25 Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet and diarist, brother of William Wordsworth, born in Cockermouth, Cumberland (d. 1855)
  • Dec 26 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Regulus)
  • Dec 26 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Political activist Thomas Paine (34) weds second wife Elizabeth Ollive

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

HeartWedding of Interest

May 14 King of France Louis XVIII weds princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy at the Palace of Versailles

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • Jan 11 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, marquis d'Argens, French author, dies at 66
  • Feb 8 Augusta von Saxen-Gotha, German prince Frederick Louis of Wales, dies
  • Feb 12 Adolf Frederik, King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • Feb 20 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (b. 1678)
  • Mar 1 Isfrid Kayser, composer, dies at 58
  • Mar 8 Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • May 21 Christopher Smart, English poet (b. 1722)
  • Jun 8 George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
  • Jun 23 Jean-Claude Trial, composer, dies at 38
  • Jul 7 Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy), dies at 54
  • Jul 30 Thomas Gray, English poet, dies at 54
  • Sep 17 Tobias George Smollett, novelist (Adv of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • Oct 8 John E Loovens, lawyer, dies at 76
  • Oct 14 Franz Xaver Brixi, composer, dies at 39
  • Oct 18 Robert Praelisauer, composer, dies at 62
  • Oct 27 Johann Gottlieb Graun, composer, dies
  • Nov 6 Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch jurist, dies at 69
  • Nov 6 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • Nov 13 Conrad E Ackermann, German actor/theater director, dies at 61
  • Nov 18 Giuseppe de Majo, composer, dies at 73
  • Dec 6 Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (b. 1682)
  • Dec 23 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint (b. 1701)
  • Dec 26 Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • Dec 27 Henri Pitot, French engineer (b. 1695)