What Happened in 1774

Historical Events

  • Jan 11 Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
  • Jan 30 Captain Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)
  • Feb 10 Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
  • Feb 22 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 First sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • Mar 7 British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • Mar 25 British Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • Mar 28 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • Apr 19 CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 30 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee for the second time
  • May 10 Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
  • May 20 Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio
  • May 23 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
  • May 28 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
  • Jun 1 Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • Jun 2 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allowed governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided.
  • Jun 11 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army
  • Jun 13 Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • Jun 16 Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
  • Jun 22 British parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • Jul 4 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

Jul 12 Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence

  • Jul 12 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • Jul 17 Captain Cook arrives in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu)
  • Jul 21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • Aug 1 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • Aug 10 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
  • Sep 5 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo with Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Sep 15 Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • Oct 14 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
  • Oct 20 American Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
  • Oct 21 First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • Oct 26 First Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • Oct 26 Minute Men organized in colonies
  • Nov 17 First City Troop Philadelphia City Cavarly formed at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia - oldest US military unit still in service
  • Dec 13 First incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
  • Dec 14 Portsmouth, New Hampshire militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft William & Mary
  • Dec 18 Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia & Moravia

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • Jan 24 Karl Moser, German composer and violinist, born in Berlin (1851)
  • Feb 11 Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
  • Feb 15 W G Frederik, prince of Orange
  • Feb 16 Pierre Rode, French composer and violinist, born in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (d. 1830)
  • Feb 17 Raphaelle Peale, US, painter (After the Rain-1823)
  • Feb 24 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)
  • Mar 5 Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse, composer
  • Mar 16 Matthew Flinders, English navigator/cartographer (coast Australia)
  • Mar 20 John Braham, English tenor singer and composer, born in London (d. 1856)
  • Apr 17 Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, organist/pianist/composer
  • Apr 21 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer (balloonist)
  • Apr 26 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)
  • Apr 28 Francis Baily, English Astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse
  • May 7 William Bainbridge, American Commodore (d. 1833)
  • May 27 Francis Beaufort, admiral/hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)
  • Jun 2 William Lawson, explorer of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1850)
  • Jun 21 Daniel D Tompkins, (D-R), 6th US vice-president (1817-25)
  • Jun 23 Matthijs Siegenbeek, Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • Jun 24 François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (d. 1838)
  • Jul 20 Auguste Marmont, French marshal (d. 1852)
  • Aug 12 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), born in Bristol, England (d. 1843)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 18 Meriwether Lewis, American soldier and public administrator (Lewis & Clark Expedition), born in Ivy, Virginia (d. 1809)

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 28 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st American Catholic saint (1975), born in New York City (d. 1821)

1st American-born Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
1st American-born Saint
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
  • Sep 8 Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet
  • Sep 17 Joseph Caspar Mezzofanti, Cardinal/linguist and hyperpolyglot (understood 70 languages), born in Bologna
  • Sep 26 John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], frontier nurseryman
  • Oct 7 Ferdinando Orlandi, composer
  • Oct 14 Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck, Dutch politician
  • Oct 18 Adolf Muller, German dramatist and critic, born near Weissenfels (d. 1829)
  • Nov 14 Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini, composer
  • Nov 15 William Horsley, composer
  • Nov 18 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • Nov 24 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • Dec 20 Guillaume-Perre-Antoine Gatayes, composer
  • Dec 30 Pieter G Witsen Geysbeek, Dutch historian/literary [or Dec 31]

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 28 Chief justice John Jay (28) weds Sarah Van Brugh Livingston (17)

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 10 Composer Antonio Salieri (24) weds Therese Helferstorfer

Composer Antonio Salieri
Antonio Salieri

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 21 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56
  • Jan 30 Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma, composer, dies at 69
  • Jan 30 Jean-Pierre Guignon, composer, dies at 71
  • Feb 4 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
  • Feb 10 Florian Leopold Gassmann, composer, dies at 44
  • Apr 4 Oliver Goldsmith, Irish poet (She Stoops to Conquer), dies at 17
  • Apr 23 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, painter, dies
  • May 4 Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714)
  • May 10 Louis XV, king of France (1715-74), dies at 64
  • Jul 1 Henry Fox Holland, English corrupt politician, dies at 68
  • Jul 7 Giuseppi Maria Carretti, composer, dies at 83
  • Jul 11 Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer
  • Jul 14 James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • Aug 11 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
  • Aug 14 Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • Aug 25 Nicolo Jommelli, composer, dies at 59
  • Sep 22 Clement XIV, [Giovanni Ganganelli], Pope (1769-74), dies
  • Sep 25 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714)
  • Oct 13 Willem Bentinck, mister of Rhoon/Pendrecht/Orangist, dies at 69
  • Oct 16 Robert Fergusson, Scottish songwriter (Scottish Poems), dies
  • Oct 23 Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist (b. 1715)
  • Dec 2 Johann Friedrich Agricola, German (court)composer/organist, dies at 54
  • Dec 13 Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50
  • Dec 16 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80