What Happened in 1775

Historical Events

  • Jan 11 Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
  • Jan 17 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
  • Jan 17 R B Sheridan's "The Rivals" premieres in London
  • Jan 22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • Jan 25 Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • Feb 8 Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
  • Feb 9 British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
  • Feb 15 Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
  • Feb 22 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
  • Feb 22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
  • Mar 6 1st Negro Mason in north America initiated, Boston
  • Mar 19 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • Mar 19 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • Mar 22 Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the Westminster Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Apr 11 The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
  • Apr 14 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • Apr 19 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • Apr 19 American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • Apr 19 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison
  • Apr 19 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord
  • Apr 23 Opera "Il Ré Pastore" is produced (Salzburg)
  • May 7 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
  • May 10 Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper currency for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia names George Washington, supreme commander

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • May 10 Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga NY-American Revolution
  • May 17 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.
  • May 20 Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence from Britain

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 24 John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • Jun 12 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • Jun 14 US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight American Revolutionary War
  • Jun 15 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the American Army
  • Jun 17 Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed's Hill)
  • Jun 22 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • Jun 23 1st regatta held on Thames, England
  • Jul 3 Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
  • Jul 5 Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III.
  • Jul 6 Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
  • Jul 10 Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
  • Jul 17 1st military hospital approved
  • Jul 22 George Washington takes command of the Continental Army

AgreementMagna Carta

Jul 25 Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jul 30 Captain Cook with Resolution returns to England
  • Aug 5 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters SF Bay
  • Aug 22 King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
  • Sep 13 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 25 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen
  • Oct 8 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
  • Oct 13 First US Navy forms when Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • Oct 16 Portland, Maine burned by British

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.

  • Oct 23 Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
  • Oct 27 US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
  • Nov 7 Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • Nov 10 Congress forms US Marine Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 11 Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war

Mohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant
Mohawk Military Leader
Joseph Brant
  • Nov 12 General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
  • Nov 13 American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
  • Nov 14 -15] Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces
  • Nov 28 Second Continental Congress formally establishes US Navy
  • Nov 29 Sir James Jay invents invisible ink
  • Dec 3 First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
  • Dec 5 At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Dec 22 Continental navy organized with 7 ships
  • Dec 25 Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate
  • Dec 31 Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 20 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • Jan 21 Manuel Garcia, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 27 Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)

  • Jan 27 Manuel del Popolo Vicente Rodriguez Garcia, Spanish tenor/composer
  • Jan 30 Walter Savage Landor, Warwick, critic/writer (Imaginary Conversation)
  • Feb 5 Margaretha J de Neufville, author (Small Pligten)
  • Feb 9 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungary, mathematician (parallel axiom)
  • Feb 10 Charles Lamb, critic/poet/essayist, born in London, England
  • Feb 12 Louise Catherine Johnson Adams, 1st lady (1825-1829)
  • Feb 18 Thomas Girtin, artist/watercolorist, born in London, England
  • Apr 7 Francis C Lowell, founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • Apr 8 Adam A earl von Neipperg, Austrian general/Napoleon's wife Marie lover
  • Apr 11 Charles-Francois Dumonchau, composer
  • Apr 21 Alexander Anderson, US, engraver/illustrator (Shakespeare)
  • Apr 22 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
  • Apr 23 Joseph Mallord Turner, England, landscape painter (Shipwreck)
  • May 1 Jacob-Joseph-Balthasar Martinn, composer
  • May 10 Robert Gray, Sea Captain (d. 1806)
  • May 21 Lucien Bonaparte, prince of Canino/Musignano
  • Jun 12 Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
  • Jun 13 Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian politician and musician (d. 1833)
  • Jul 5 William Crotch, composer
  • Jul 9 Matthew Lewis, English novelist (d. 1818)
  • Jul 17 August Harder, composer
  • Jul 23 Francois-Eugene Vidocq, French criminal and police detective
  • Jul 23 Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (d. 1812)
  • Jul 25 Anna Symmes Harrison, Ohio, 9th 1st lady (1841)
  • Aug 2 Jose Angel Lamas, composer
  • Aug 6 Louis-Antoine the Bourbon, French duke of Angouleme/General of France
  • Aug 6 Daniel O'Connell, Irish politician (d. 1847)
  • Aug 17 Philippe Libon, composer
  • Aug 25 Charlotte J T, infant of Portugal (Court in Rio de Janeiro)
  • Aug 26 William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
  • Aug 28 Sophie Gail, French singer and composer, born in Paris (d. 1819)
  • Aug 31 Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa, composer
  • Sep 5 Juan Martín Díez, el Empecinado (the undaunted), Spanish guerrillero (d. 1825)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 13 Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1868)

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • Oct 15 Bernhard Henrik Crusell, composer
  • Oct 21 Guiseppi Baini, composer
  • Oct 27 Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, composer
  • Nov 15 Georges-Julien Sieber, composer
  • Nov 27 Joachim G le Sage ten Broek, Dutch notary/catholic foreman/publicist
  • Dec 6 Nicolas Isouard, composer
  • Dec 14 Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College (d. 1852)
  • Dec 14 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (d. 1860)
  • Dec 16 Francois-Adrien Boieldieu, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 16 Jane Austen, Winchester, Hampshire, novelist (Pride and Prejudice), (d. 1817)

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen
  • Dec 25 Antun Sorkocevic, composer
  • Dec 30 Heinrich Carl Ebell, composer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 28 Statesman John Hancock (38) weds hostess Dorothy Quincy (28) in Fairfield, Connecticut

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8 John Baskerville, English printer/type designer, dies at 68
  • Jan 10 Jemeljan Pugatshov, Russian kosak leader/"Tsar Peter III", dies
  • Jan 11 Yemelyan Pugachov, Don Cossack rebel, executed by tsarist Russia
  • Jan 11 Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (b. 1723)
  • Jan 15 Giovanni Battista Sammartini, composer, dies
  • Feb 5 Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)
  • Feb 6 William Dowdeswell, English politician (b. 1721)
  • Feb 15 Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian (b. 1690)
  • Jun 11 Egidio Romoaldo Duni, Italian composer, dies at 67
  • Jun 17 Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)
  • Jun 23 Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
  • Jul 11 Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • Aug 6 Heinrich Nikolaus Gerber, composer, dies at 72
  • Sep 7 Johann Georg Holzbogen, composer, dies at 48
  • Sep 16 Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, English privy councillor (b. 1684)
  • Sep 18 Andrew Foulis, bookseller/printer, dies
  • Oct 2 Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • Oct 14 Johann Jacob Rowalt, composer, dies at 57
  • Oct 18 Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • Oct 21 Peyton Randolph, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1721)
  • Nov 16 Marian Paradeiser, composer, dies at 28
  • Nov 21 John Hill, British writer
  • Nov 24 Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (b. 1703)
  • Nov 29 Lorenzo Somis, composer, dies at 87
  • Dec 7 Charles Saunders, British admiral
  • Dec 28 Peter A van de Parra, gov-gen of (Neth Indies), dies at 61
  • Dec 31 Richard Montgomery, General in Continental Army during American Revolutionary War, dies in attack on Quebec