What Happened in 1779

Historical Events

  • Jan 11 Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • Jan 17 Captain Cook's last notation in ship's log Discovery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 John Dickinson is appointed to be a delegate for Delaware to the Continental Congress

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • Jan 23 Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • Jan 31 Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • Feb 24 George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • Mar 11 US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
  • May 13 War of Bavarian Succession ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 8 Admiral Horatio Nelson and Captain Thomas Hardy on HMS Foudroyant set sail against Spanish fleet

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Jun 15 General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
  • Jun 16 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of the US, and the siege of Gibraltar begins.
  • Jun 18 French fleet occupies St Vincent
  • Jun 20 Battle of Stono Ferry fought near Charleston, South Carolina (American Revolutionary War)
  • Jul 4 French fleet occupies Grenada
  • Jul 15 American troops under Gen A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, NY
  • Sep 3 Earl d'Orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest
  • Sep 23 John Paul Jones' "Bon Homme Richard" defeats HMS Serepis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 28 American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • Oct 4 The Fort Wilson Riot takes place.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • Dec 31 British fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • Jan 5 Stephen Decatur, US, naval hero (War of 1812)
  • Jan 5 Zebulon Montgomery Pike, explorer (Pike's Peak)
  • Jan 8 John White, English organist and violinist (d. 1831)
  • Jan 15 Jean Coralli, ballet producer/choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • Jan 18 Peter Roget, thesaurus fame/inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)
  • Jan 22 Stefano Pavesi, composer
  • Jan 24 Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Russian tsarina (d. 1826)
  • Feb 20 Augustus Callcott, landscape painter, Kensington
  • Feb 21 Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer
  • Feb 22 Joachim Nicolas Eggert, composer
  • Feb 27 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)
  • Mar 1 Jacob Gottfried Weber, composer
  • Mar 2 Joel Roberts Poinsett, American statesman and botanist (d. 1851)
  • Mar 6 Philipp Roth, composer
  • Mar 13 Oliver Shaw, early American composer, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1848)
  • Mar 15 William Lamb, (Whig) Viscount Melbourne, British PM (1834, 1835-41)
  • Mar 15 Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)
  • Mar 21 Alexis Garaude, composer
  • Mar 28 Angelo Maria Benincori, composer
  • Apr 11 Louise Reichardt, composer
  • Apr 21 William Knyvett, composer
  • May 2 John Galt, Scotland, novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)
  • May 25 Henry M Baron de Kock, Dutch officer/politician
  • May 28 Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)
  • Jul 10 Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini, composer
  • Jul 15 Clement Clarke Moore, US professor and author ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), born in New York City (d. 1863)
  • Jul 20 Ignaz Schuster, composer
  • Jul 21 Gottlob Wiedebein, composer
  • Aug 1 Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, poet and composer of the lyrics to "Star-Spangled Banner", born in Carroll County, Maryland (d. 1843)
  • Aug 1 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (d. 1851)
  • Aug 7 Carl Ritter, co-founder of modern science of geography
  • Aug 7 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (d. 1842)
  • Aug 17 Franz de Paula Roser, composer
  • Aug 20 Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (d. 1848)
  • Aug 22 James Kirke Paulding, American author (d. 1860)
  • Aug 30 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen, Estonia, Russian Explorer who discovered the continent of Antarctica
  • Sep 8 Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt, composer
  • Sep 8 Mustafa IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • Sep 10 Louis Alexandre Piccinni, composer
  • Sep 18 Joseph Story, Mass, 19th Supreme Court justice (1812-45)
  • Oct 10 Antoine PFGdV Celles, Belgium/Dutch/French MP
  • Nov 4 John W Pieneman, historical painter (Battle at Waterloo)
  • Nov 5 Washington Allston, US painter/author
  • Nov 6 Michal Bogdanowicz, composer
  • Nov 14 Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)
  • Nov 27 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (d. 1865)
  • Dec 1 Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov, composer
  • Dec 12 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint (d. 1865)
  • Dec 14 Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18 Joseph Grimaldi, English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", born in London (d. 1837)

Greatest Clown in History Joseph Grimaldi
Greatest Clown in History
Joseph Grimaldi
  • Dec 19 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, engraver, born in Paris, France

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 23 Botanist Joseph Banks (36) weds Dorothea Hugessen

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 8 US Defector General Benedict Arnold (38) weds Peggy Shippen (18) at Shippen's townhouse in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • Jan 20 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, dies at 71
  • Jan 20 David Garrick, English actor (b. 1717)
  • Jan 22 Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
  • Jan 22 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
  • Feb 2 Georg Philipp Kress, composer, dies at 59
  • Feb 7 William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies from gout at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 14 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer who was the first European to explore much of Australia, the Pacific Islands and New Zealand, killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii at 50

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Feb 24 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)
  • Feb 27 Jan Nepveu, Dutch gov-gen of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
  • Apr 6 Tommaso MFS Traetta, Italian opera composer (Farnace), dies at 52
  • Apr 24 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (b. 1711)
  • May 3 John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)
  • May 11 John Heart, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 68
  • Jun 7 William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • Jun 16 Sir Francis Bernard, Governor of New Jersey and Massachusetts (b. 1712)
  • Jun 23 Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
  • Jun 29 Anton Raphael Mengs, German Bohemian painter and one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting, dies at 51
  • Jul 14 George Ross, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • Aug 3 Henry Kobell, Dutch painter/cartoonist, dies at 27
  • Aug 24 Saint Cosmas of Aetolia, Greek Orthodox martyr (b. 1714)
  • Sep 2 Onno Zwier van Hairs, Fries poet (Agon), dies at 66
  • Sep 12 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (b. 1711)
  • Oct 11 Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah
  • Oct 28 Raphael Weiss, composer, dies at 66
  • Nov 10 Joseph Hewes, US merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • Nov 13 Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker, dies at 61
  • Nov 16 Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
  • Dec 6 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (b. 1699)
  • Dec 8 Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • Dec 15 Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila, composer, dies at 62
  • Dec 18 Jan Punt, engraver/illustrator/actor (Gideonschool), dies at 68
  • Dec 23 Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)
  • Dec 28 Gennaro Manna, composer, dies at 64