What Happened in 1784

Historical Events

  • Jan 6 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • Jan 7 1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
  • Jan 14 US Revolutionary War ends; US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Feb 4 1st unmanned balloon flight in Ireland
  • Feb 22 1st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China", sails from NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 28 John Wesley charters Methodist Church

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Marquis de Sade transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Mar 1 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • Mar 5 Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • Mar 22 The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 29 Premiere of Mozart's Sonata in B flat, K454 (Vienna)

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • May 8 Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)
  • May 11 Britain & Tippu Sahib of Mysore sign peace treaty
  • May 20 Britain & Netherlands sign peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • May 22 Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy
  • May 25 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • Jun 3 US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation
  • Jun 4 Madame Elizabeth Thible becomes the first female balloonist.
  • Jun 9 John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • Jun 16 Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes
  • Jun 23 1st US balloon flight (13 year old Edward Warren)
  • Aug 13 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • Aug 23 Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • Sep 21 1st daily newspaper in America (Pennsylvania Packet & General Advertiser)
  • Sep 22 Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • Nov 1 Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents
  • Nov 26 Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 John Jay becomes 1st US Secretary of State (foreign affairs)

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 William Beale, composer
  • Jan 27 Martin-Joseph Mengal, composer
  • Jan 28 George HG earl of Aberdeen, English secretary of State
  • Jan 29 Ferdinand Ries, composer
  • Jan 31 Carl Wilhelm Henning, composer
  • Feb 3 John Fane graaf van Westmorland, English (opera)composer/diplomat
  • Feb 5 Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
  • Feb 20 Adam Black, politician/publisher, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Feb 27 Elias Annes Borger, Dutch theologist/poet (To the Rhine)
  • Feb 27 Job Plimpton, composer
  • Feb 29 Franz KL von Klenze, German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • Apr 5 Louis [Ludwig] Spohr, Germany, violin virtuoso/composer (Faust)
  • Apr 13 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder
  • Apr 13 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)
  • Apr 24 Peter Vivian Daniel, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1860)
  • Apr 29 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • Jul 22 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • Jul 27 Andre-Georges-Louis Onslow, English/French composer (chamber music)
  • Jul 27 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (d. 1839)
  • Aug 14 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal/diplomat
  • Sep 7 Frantisek Max Knize, composer
  • Oct 14 Ferdinand VII MF, king of Spain
  • Oct 15 Thomas Hastings, composer
  • Oct 15 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
  • Oct 19 John McLoughlin, Hudson's Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country
  • Oct 19 Leigh Hunt, British writer
  • Oct 20 Lord Henry JT Palmerston, English minister of Foreign affairs
  • Nov 15 Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (d. 1860)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 24 Zachary Taylor, Barboursville Virginia, 12th President (Mar 5, 1849-July 9, 1850)

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Nov 28 Ferdinand Reis, composer
  • Dec 1 Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze, composer
  • Dec 7 Allan Cunningham, British poet (d. 1842)
  • Dec 13 Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • Dec 14 Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias (d. 1806)
  • Dec 19 Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • Dec 24 Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)
  • Dec 30 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 16 American Revolutionary War patriot Ethan Allen (46) weds second wife Frances Montresor Brush Buchanan

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Patrice F earl de Neney, South Neth Secret Council chairman, dies at 67
  • Jan 11 Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz, composer, dies at 59
  • Feb 13 Charles Gravier, French earl of Vergennes/min of For affairs, dies
  • Feb 24 Anton Laube, Bohemian composer, dies at 65
  • Apr 2 Pierre Leclair, composer, dies at 74
  • Apr 4 Mary Mead, wife of English journalist John Wilkes, dies
  • Apr 10 Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71
  • Apr 26 Nano Nagle, Irish convent founder (b. 1718)
  • Apr 30 Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
  • May 12 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (b. 1710)
  • Jun 6 Joan Derk van de Capellen, leader of democratic Patriots, dies at 42
  • Jun 7 Jean-Baptiste Canavas, composer, dies at 71
  • Jun 13 Henry Middleton, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)
  • Jun 29 Caesar Rodney, US judge/singer (Declar of Independence), dies at 55
  • Jul 1 Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, composer, son of J.S. Bach, dies at 73
  • Jul 8 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • Jul 15 Johan B Straub, South German sculptor, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 31 Denis Diderot, French writer/philosopher, dies at 70

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • Aug 3 Giovanni Battista Martini, composer, dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Karl Kohaut, Austrian composer and lutenist, dies at 57
  • Aug 10 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter and artist (b. 1713)
  • Aug 14 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (b. 1718)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 28 Junípero Serra, Spanish missionary, founded 1st missions in California (b. 1713)

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
  • Sep 4 Cesar F Cassini "the Thury", French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 8 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, dies at 48

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • Sep 27 Boniface Stoecki, composer, dies at 38

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 5 Phillis Wheatley, American poet and first published African-American woman, dies in Boston at 31

  • Dec 13 Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • Dec 25 Yosa Buson, Japanese painter (b. 1716)
  • Dec 26 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (b. 1743)
  • Dec 26 Otto Friedrich Müller, Danish Naturalist who was a pioneer in the study of microorganisms, dies at 54