What Happened in 1787

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Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11th Titania & Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • Jan 25th Shays' Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Capt Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass
  • Jan 28th Philadelphia's Free Africa Society organizes
  • Feb 2nd Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
  • Feb 4th 1st Anglican bishops of NY & Pennsylvania consecrated in London
  • Feb 4th Shays' Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails
  • Feb 18th Austrian emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor
  • Feb 28th The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted.
  • Apr 12th Philadelphia's Free African Society forms
  • Apr 16th 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in NYC
  • May 6th 1st African American Masonic Lodge (African # 459) forms Prince Hall, Boston
  • May 10th British Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal
  • May 13th Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia

AgreementConstitution of the United States

May 14th Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US constitution

  • May 17th English slave ship Sisters, en route from Africa to Cuba, capsizes killing hundreds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25th Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • May 29th "Virginia Plan" proposed
  • Jun 12th US Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old
  • Jun 20th Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2nd Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Jul 6th French government proclaims end to stamp/land tax
  • Jul 6th Orange troops occupy Area at Duurstede
  • Jul 13th Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • Jul 13th Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 population
  • Jul 15th Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • Aug 2nd Horace the Saussure reaches top of Mont Blanc
  • Aug 6th Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia begins debate on the first draft of the Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10th Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his chamber piece "Eine kleine Nachtmusik"

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • Aug 16th Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • Aug 17th Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
  • Aug 22nd John Fitch's steamboat completes its tests, years before Fulton
  • Aug 24th Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his violin and piano sonata in A, K526

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12th American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • Sep 13th Prussian army moves into Netherlands
  • Sep 15th -16] Utrecht patriots flee to Amsterdam
  • Sep 17th Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
  • Sep 17th US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
  • Sep 20th Prince Willem V returns to Hague
  • Sep 27th Constitution submitted to US states for ratification
  • Sep 28th Congress sends Constitution to state legislatures for their approval
  • Sep 30th 1st US voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston
  • Oct 1st Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • Oct 2nd Maagden House opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10th Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • Oct 17th Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • Oct 26th "Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of United States' Constitution
  • Oct 27th Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
  • Oct 29th Opera "Don Giovanni" is produced (Prague)
  • Nov 1st First free school in NYC (African Free School) opens
  • Nov 18th First Unitarian minister in US ordained, Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21st Andrew Jackson admitted to the bar

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Nov 30th Spanish governor leaves the Philippines
  • Dec 6th Laurens Pieter van de Speigel appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • Dec 7th Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify the US constitution
  • Dec 12th Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution
  • Dec 18th New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify US constitution

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 5th John Burke, Irish genealogist (Burke's Peerage)
  • Jan 8th Johann Ludwig Bohner, composer
  • Jan 13th John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • Feb 13th James P Carrell, composer
  • Feb 16th Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
  • Feb 23rd Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
  • Mar 6th Joseph von Fraunhofer, Germany, physicist (studied Sun's spectrum)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 8th Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • Mar 10th William Etty, English painter (nudes)
  • Mar 11th Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • Mar 16th Georg Simon Ohm, Erlangen, Brandenburg-Bayreuth, German physicist (discovered Ohm's Law)
  • Mar 17th George Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm's Law)
  • Apr 13th John Robertson, U.S. politician (d. 1873)
  • Apr 19th Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary (d. 1837)
  • Apr 26th Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • May 7th Jacques Viger, French Canadian politician, first mayor of Montreal (d. 1858)
  • Jun 4th Constant Prévost, French geologist (d. 1856)
  • Jun 27th Thomas Say, USA, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 28th Henry G W Smith, leader of British-Indian forces
  • Jun 28th Sir Henry George Wakelyn (Harry) Smith, Wittlesea England, governor at the Cape Colony
  • Aug 15th Alexander Aliabiev, Russian composer, born in Tobolsk, Siberia (d. 1851)
  • Aug 24th James Weddell, Ostend England, Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea)
  • Sep 1st John Bake, classical composer
  • Sep 5th François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (d. 1850)
  • Sep 10th John Jordan Crittenden, MC (Union), (d. 1863)
  • Sep 18th Johann D Passavant, German historian/painter/graphic artist
  • Oct 4th Francois P G Guizot, French historian/politician
  • Oct 30th Karl Guhr, German composer (d. 1848)
  • Nov 4th Edmund Kean, England, actor (Edmund Kean's Masonic Career)
  • Nov 17th Michele Carafa, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18th Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], Swartekill, New York, US abolitionist/feminist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18th Louis-Jacques Daguerre, Cormeilles-en-Parisis France, inventor and photographer (d. 1851)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • Nov 21st Samuel Cunard, founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line)
  • Nov 25th Franz Xaver Gruber, Austria, organist/composer ("Silent Night")
  • Nov 27th Christian Rummel, composer
  • Nov 27th Jacob earl van Rechteren van Appeltern, governor of Gelderland
  • Dec 1st Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov, composer
  • Dec 9th John Dobson, English architect (d. 1865)
  • Dec 10th Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, pioneer of educating the deaf, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 14th Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1816)
  • Dec 15th Charles Cowden Clarke, English editor/Shakespearean critic
  • Dec 16th Mary Russell Mitford, English writer (d. 1855)
  • Dec 22nd Rasmus Rask, Denmark, language scholar
  • Dec 28th Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch writer/engineer on Curacao

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 11th Naval officer Horatio Nelson (28) weds Frances Nisbet at Montpelier Estate on the island of Nevis

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1st Arthur Middleton, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 44
  • Feb 12th Ruggiero Boscovich, Italian physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75
  • Feb 13th Ruđer Bošković, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
  • Feb 13th Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1717)
  • Mar 2nd Jean SOME Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher, dies at 73
  • Mar 11th Maximilian JLP Gardel, French ballet dancer/choreographer, dies at 45
  • Apr 1st Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
  • Apr 2nd Thomas Gage, British general (b. 1719)
  • May 10th William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • May 13th Johann Michael Malzat, composer, dies at 38
  • May 28th Johann Georg Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer, dies at 67
  • Jun 20th Carl Friedrich Abel, German/British viola player/composer, dies at 63
  • Jul 4th Charles, prince de Rohan-Soubise, marshal of France, dies at 71
  • Aug 1st Alfonsus M de' Liguori, Italian theologist/bishop/saint, dies at 90
  • Aug 13th Isaac de Pinto, merchant/lender/Dutch States-general, dies
  • Oct 5th Thomas Stone, US attorney/signer (Dec of Ind), dies at about 44
  • Oct 7th Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (b. 1711)
  • Oct 30th Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat, dies at 58
  • Nov 3rd Robert Lowth, British bishop and grammarian (b. 1710)
  • Nov 15th Christoph W Ritter von Gluck, composer (Iphigénie Tauride), dies at 73
  • Nov 23rd Anton Schweitzer, composer, dies at 52
  • Dec 18th Soame Jenyns, English writer (b. 1704)