What Happened in 1792

Historical Events

  • Jan 9 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • Jan 25 The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • Feb 7 Austria & Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • Feb 7 D Cimarosa's opera "Il Matrimonio Segreto" premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 20 US postal service created, postage 6 cents - 12 cents depending on distance
  • Feb 21 US Congress passes Presidential Succession Act
  • Feb 23 Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G premieres
  • Feb 23 Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
  • Mar 1 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • Mar 4 Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • Mar 16 King Gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29.
  • Mar 24 Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
  • Mar 29 King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
  • Apr 1 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
  • Apr 2 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Apr 14 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • Apr 20 France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
  • Apr 21 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro
  • Apr 24 "La Marseillaise" composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle
  • Apr 25 Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier
  • May 7 Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
  • May 8 British Captain George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • May 8 US establishes the military draft
  • May 11 Columbia River discovered & named by US Capt Robert Gray
  • May 12 Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented
  • May 16 Denmark abolishes slave trade
  • May 17 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
  • May 19 Russian army enters Poland
  • May 21 Mount Unzen on Japan's Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan's deadliest volcanic eruption
  • Jun 1 Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • Jun 4 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain
  • Jun 12 Captain George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver BC
  • Jun 13 King Louis XVI dissmisses French government
  • Jun 21 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
  • Jul 8 France declares war on Prussia
  • Jul 11 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • Jul 25 Dutch patriots exiles finds "Bataafs Legion"
  • Jul 25 The Brunswick Manifesto issued to population of Paris promising vengeance if French Royal Family harmed.
  • Jul 30 500 Marseillaisian men sing France's national anthem for 1st time
  • Jul 31 Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Philadelphia
  • Aug 10 Mobs in Paris attack palace of Louis XVI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • Aug 29 British man o'war HMS Royal George capsizes at Spithead; more than 800 killed
  • Sep 2 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • Sep 11 The Hope Diamond is stolen with other crown jewels when six men break into house used to store the jewels.
  • Sep 20 French defeat Prussians at Valmy
  • Sep 21 Collot D'Herbois, first man to propose to abolish the monarchy in France at National Convention
  • Sep 22 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping French king of his powers
  • Sep 26 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
  • Oct 2 Baptist Missionary Society forms in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • Oct 13 "Old Farmer's Almanac" is 1st published and edited by Robert Thomas
  • Oct 13 Cornerstone laid for the Executive Mansion (White House) in Washington
  • Oct 29 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • Nov 6 Battle of Jemappes: French army beats Holy Roman Empire
  • Nov 14 Captain George Vancouver is first Englishman to enter San Francisco Bay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 Benjamin Banneker first publishes his Farmer's Almanac

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Dec 5 George Washington re-elected as US President
  • Dec 8 1st cremation in US, Henry Laurens
  • Dec 11 France's King Louis XVI goes on trial, accused of high treason and crimes against the state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 12 In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn

  • Dec 15 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Philadelphia)
  • Dec 17 Opening of 1st legislative assembly of Lower Canada in Quebec city
  • Dec 26 During trial of French King Louis XVI court hears the kings defense brought by Raymond Desèze

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 8 Lowell Mason, Medfield Mass, organist/composer (Zebulo)
  • Jan 12 Robert Patterson, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • Jan 12 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (d. 1841)
  • Jan 14 Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (d. 1865)
  • Jan 21 Tsjalling Hiddes Halbertsma, Fries story teller (Rhymes & Tales)
  • Feb 8 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • Feb 12 Ferdinand de Braekeleer, Belgian painter
  • Feb 19 Roderick Murchison, Muir of Ord Ross-shire, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system)
  • Feb 23 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
  • Feb 27 Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
  • Feb 28 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist
  • Feb 29 Gioacchino Rossini, Pesaro Italy, composer (Barber of Seville)
  • Feb 29 Karl Ernst von Baler, Russia, naturalist (discovered human ovum)
  • Mar 7 John Herschel, Slough England, William Herschel's son, astronomer
  • Apr 4 Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R)
  • Apr 12 John George Lambton, statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England
  • Apr 23 John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)
  • Apr 25 John Keble, Anglican priest/founder (Oxford Movement)
  • Apr 30 Johann Friedrich Schwencke, composer
  • May 13 Pius IX "Pio Nono", [Giovanni-Maria Mastai-Ferretti], Pope (1846-78)
  • May 21 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (d. 1843)
  • Jun 9 Frederic L G, Earl of Merode, Belgian revolutionary
  • Jun 16 Sir Thomas Mitchell, Australian explorer (d. 1855)
  • Jun 16 John Linnell, English artist (d. 1882)
  • Jun 19 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)
  • Jul 8 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • Jul 10 George Mifflin Dallas, (D) 11th VP (1845-49)
  • Aug 4 Percy Bysshe Shelley, England, romantic poet (Adonais)
  • Aug 13 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)
  • Aug 18 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), born in Mayfair, Middlesex (d. 1878)
  • Aug 26 Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
  • Sep 5 Alexis-Charles-Maximilien Thibault, composer
  • Sep 5 Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist (d. 1857).
  • Sep 8 Joseph Netherclift, composer
  • Sep 14 Gino Capponi, Italian marquis/literary/premier of Toscane
  • Sep 26 William Hobson, first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, born in Waterford, Ireland (d. 1842)
  • Sep 27 George Cruikshank, caricaturist (Oliver Twist), born in London, England
  • Oct 2 Philip Cipriani Hambley Potter, pianist/composer
  • Oct 3 Cipriani Potter, composer
  • Oct 3 Francisco Morazán, Central American statesman
  • Oct 5 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1844)
  • Oct 12 Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
  • Oct 13 Moritz Hauptmann, composer
  • Oct 19 Dirk Donker Curtius, Dutch attorney/minister of Justice (liberal)
  • Oct 20 Anton Bernhard Furstenau, composer
  • Oct 20 Colin Campbell/Lord Clyde, British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • Nov 11 Mary Anne Evans, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli (d. 1872)
  • Nov 13 Edward John Trelawney, England, traveler/author (Adv of Younger Son)
  • Nov 28 Victor Cousin, French philosopher/minister of Education
  • Dec 1 Lobachevsky, mathematician
  • Dec 6 Abraham J van de Aa, lexicographer (Biographic Dictionary)
  • Dec 6 King William II of the Netherlands (d. 1849)
  • Dec 12 Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter
  • Dec 19 [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
  • Dec 20 Nicolas Charlet, French painter (d. 1845)
  • Dec 29 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian (History of Europe)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 10 Jean-Louis Laruette, composer, dies at 60
  • Feb 23 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 1 Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • Mar 3 Robert Adam, Scottish architect (Syon House, Middlesex), dies at 63
  • Mar 10 John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute/English premier (1760-63), dies at 78
  • Mar 29 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds
  • Apr 3 George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • Apr 4 James Sykes, American politician (b. 1725)
  • Apr 14 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • Apr 21 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)
  • Apr 23 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)
  • Apr 25 Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, composer, dies at 54
  • Apr 25 Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined
  • Apr 30 Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth, composer, dies at 36
  • Apr 30 John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich, English Naval minister, dies at 73
  • May 3 Carlo Zuccari, composer, dies at 87
  • May 7 Aert Schouman, Dutch bird/portrait painter, dies at 82
  • May 10 John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • May 12 Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (b. 1710)
  • May 24 George Brydges, 1st baron Rodney/admiral, dies
  • May 24 Jakob M R Lenz, writer (That Soldier), dies
  • Jun 4 John Burgoyne, soldier/playwright, dies
  • Jun 16 Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (b. 1738)
  • Jun 25 Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
  • Jun 30 Francesco Antonio Rosetti, composer, dies
  • Jul 18 John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)
  • Jul 29 René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (b. 1714)
  • Aug 2 Nathanael Gottfried Gruner, composer, dies at 60
  • Aug 3 Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (b. 1732)
  • Aug 5 Frederick 7th baron North, English premier (1770-82), dies at 60
  • Aug 17 Jan Jachym Kopriva, composer, dies at 38
  • Aug 25 Jacques Cazotte, French writer (b. 1719)
  • Sep 18 Gottlieb August Spangenberg, founder (Moravian Church in Amer), dies
  • Sep 25 Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (b. 1710)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 7 George Mason, American statesman (advocated for the Bill of Rights), dies of natural causes at 66

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • Oct 22 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (b. 1725)
  • Oct 28 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)
  • Oct 28 John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
  • Nov 30 Ernst William Wolf, composer, dies at 57
  • Dec 15 Joseph Martin Kraus, composer, dies at 36