Today in History for Year 1799

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Months in Year 1799: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 46 of 46

Jan 9th - British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.
Jan 10th - Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini," premieres in Weimar
Jan 14th - Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets
Jan 14th - King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
Jan 17th - Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.
Jan 25th - 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
Feb 9th - USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
Feb 13th - 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
Feb 15th - 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
Feb 25th - 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
Feb 25th - US Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
Mar 2nd - Congress standardizes US weights & measures
Mar 6th - Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine
Mar 7th - The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte Mar 12th - Austria declares war on France
Mar 19th - Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
Mar 26th - Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
Mar 28th - NY State abolished slavery
Mar 29th - New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
Apr 16th - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
Apr 20th - Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
May 4th - Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
May 22nd - Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews
Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von HumboldtNaturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt Jun 5th - Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition
Jun 22nd - Britain & Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
Jul 7th - Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
Jul 15th - The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
Jul 24th - William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York
Jul 25th - French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
Aug 13th - British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
Aug 23rd - Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
Aug 27th - British invasion army lands in North Holland
Aug 30th - Batavian fleet surrenders to British
Sep 1st - Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William ClarkExplorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark Sep 19th - English & Russian invasion army conquerors Receiver
Oct 2nd - Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
Oct 6th - Battle of Castricum: French & Bataafs army beats British/Russian army
Oct 9th - Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast.
Oct 10th - Convention of Alkmaar: British/Russian invasion army departs
Oct 22nd - Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
Nov 9th - Napoleon Bonaparte becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
Nov 12th - Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
Dec 10th - Metric system adopted in France, first country to do so
Dec 18th - George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon
Dec 24th - Jacobin plot against Napoleon uncovered
Dec 26th - George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 45 of 45

Jan 6th - Jedediah Strong Smith, US fur trader/explorer
Jan 7th - Daniel Tyler, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
Jan 22nd - Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
Feb 4th - Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret, Portuguese playwright
Feb 5th - John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)
Feb 11th - Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
Feb 26th - Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
Mar 1st - Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky, composer
Mar 7th - Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
Mar 8th - Simon Cameron, Secy War (Union), (d. 1889)
Botanist and Photographer Anna AtkinsBotanist and Photographer Anna Atkins (Mar 16th) Mar 16th - Anna Atkins, English botanist and photographer, 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1871)
Mar 20th - Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
Mar 22nd - F W A Argelander, Memel E Prussia, cataloguer of 324,188 stars
Mar 28th - Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)
Mar 29th - Edward Stanley, Earl Derby (C), British PM (1852, 1858-59, 1866-68)
Apr 5th - Vincenzo Fioravanti, composer
Apr 12th - Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
Apr 13th - Heinrich F L Rellstab, German music theorist
Apr 13th - Joseph Rastrelli, composer
Apr 22nd - Jean Poiseuille, physician/physiologist (blood pressure)
May 11th - John Lowell, American philanthropist (d. 1836)
May 20th - Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (d. 1850)
May 21st - Mary Anning, Lyme Regis, Dorset, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset)
May 23rd - Thomas Hood, English poet/composer (Song of the Shirt)
May 27th - Jacques-Francois-Fromental-Elle Halevy, [Elie Levy], composer
Jun 6th - Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer and poet (Eugene Onegin) (5/26 OS)
Jun 18th - William Lassell, discoverer (satellites of Uranus & Neptune)
Jun 23rd - John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
Jul 4th - F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59)
Jul 25th - David Douglas, Scottish botanist (d. 1834)
Jul 26th - Isaac Babbitt, invented babbitt's metal for bearings
Aug 4th - Olof Wilhelm Udden, composer
Aug 11th - Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
Aug 20th - Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician
Sep 19th - René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
Oct 1st - Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)
Oct 5th - Anthony G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch Min of Reformed Worship
Oct 15th - August Ferdinand Haeser, composer
Oct 30th - Ignace Bourget, bishop of Montreal (d. 1885)
Nov 3rd - William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
Nov 9th - Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (d. 1877)
Nov 17th - Titian Ramsey Peale, US, artist/naturalist (American Ornithology)
Nov 29th - Amos Bronson Alcott, US educator/poet (Concord Days)
Dec 12th - Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
Dec 31st - Thomas Taglichsbeck, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 1 of 1

Legislator and Orator Henry ClayLegislator and Orator Henry Clay (Apr 11th) Apr 11th - Politician Henry Clay (21) weds Lucretia Hart in Lexington, Kentucky

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 52 of 52

Jan 6th - W G Frederik, prince of Orange/general, dies at 25
Jan 9th - Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
Jan 22nd - Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58
Jan 26th - Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
Feb 4th - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
Feb 7th - Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)
Feb 12th - Frantisek Xaver Dusek, composer, dies at 67
Feb 12th - Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
Feb 16th - Charles Theoby, ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
Feb 18th - Maurus Haberhauer, composer, dies at 52
Feb 19th - Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
Feb 22nd - Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
Feb 24th - Broerius Brorius, theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
Feb 24th - Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer, dies at 56
Mar 18th - John Randall, composer, dies at 82
Mar 25th - Constantin Reindl, composer, dies at 60
Mar 28th - Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55
Apr 1st - Narciso Casanovas, composer, dies at 52
Apr 17th - Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
Apr 19th - Pieter Hellendaal, violinist/organist/composer (Glees), dies at 78
Apr 28th - Francois Giroust, composer, dies at 62
May 2nd - Henri-Joseph Rigel, composer, dies at 58
May 4th - Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam (b. 1750)
May 9th - Claude-Benigne Balbastre, composer, dies at 72
May 18th - Pierre de Beaumarchais, dramatist, dies
May 26th - James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
May 31st - Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)
Jun 6th - Patrick Henry, American revolutionary (b. 1736)
Jun 18th - Johann Andre, composer, dies at 58
Jul 7th - William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
Aug 2nd - Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor, dies at 54
Aug 5th - Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
Aug 6th - Joseph Friebert, composer, dies at 74
Aug 7th - John Bacon, English sculptor, dies at 58
Aug 15th - Giuseppe Parini, Italian poet (b. 1729)
Aug 16th - Vincenzo Manfredini, composer, dies at 61
Aug 20th - Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz, composer, dies at 37
Aug 29th - Pius VI, [Giovanni A Braschi], Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71
Aug 31st - Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
Sep 7th - John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English physician/nature investigator, dies at 68
Sep 7th - Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
Oct 5th - Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68
Oct 16th - Antoine-Frederic Gresnick, composer, dies at 44
Oct 23rd - William Paca, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 58
Oct 24th - Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer, dies at 59
Nov 22nd - Baroness van Dorth, orangist, executed
Dec 5th - Robert Kimmerling, composer, dies at 61
Dec 6th - Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71
First US President George WashingtonFirst US President George Washington (Dec 14th) Dec 14th - George Washington, 1st president USA (1789-97), dies at 66
Dec 18th - Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (b. 1725)
Dec 20th - David Traugott Nicolai, composer, dies at 66
Dec 31st - Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (b. 1723)

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