What Happened in 1799

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Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9th British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 10th Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini," premieres in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14th Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Jan 14th King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • Jan 17th Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, was executed.
  • Jan 25th 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • Feb 9th USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • Feb 13th 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • Feb 15th 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 25th 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • Feb 25th US Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • Mar 2nd Congress standardizes US weights & measures
  • Mar 6th Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 7th The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • Mar 12th Austria declares war on France
  • Mar 19th Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 26th Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 28th NY State abolished slavery
  • Mar 29th New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
  • Apr 16th Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
  • Apr 20th Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • May 4th Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
  • May 22nd Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5th Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • Jun 22nd Britain & Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • Jul 7th Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
  • Jul 15th The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24th William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • Jul 25th French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • Aug 13th British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • Aug 23rd Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • Aug 27th British invasion army lands in North Holland
  • Aug 30th Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • Sep 1st Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • Oct 2nd Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • Oct 6th Battle of Castricum: French & Bataafs army beats British/Russian army
  • Oct 9th Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast.
  • Oct 10th Convention of Alkmaar: British/Russian invasion army departs
  • Oct 22nd Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • Nov 9th Napoleon Bonaparte becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
  • Nov 12th Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • Dec 10th Metric system adopted in France, first country to do so

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 18th George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 6th Jedediah Strong Smith, US fur trader/explorer
  • Jan 7th Daniel Tyler, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • Jan 22nd Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • Feb 4th Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret, Portuguese playwright
  • Feb 5th John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)
  • Feb 11th Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
  • Feb 26th Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • Mar 1st Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky, composer
  • Mar 7th Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • Mar 8th Simon Cameron, Secy War (Union), (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 16th Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1871)

Botanist and Photographer Anna Atkins
Botanist and Photographer
Anna Atkins
  • Mar 20th Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
  • Mar 22nd F W A Argelander, Memel E Prussia, cataloguer of 324,188 stars
  • Mar 28th Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)
  • Mar 29th Edward Stanley, Earl Derby (C), British PM (1852, 1858-59, 1866-68)
  • Apr 5th Vincenzo Fioravanti, composer
  • Apr 12th Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
  • Apr 13th Heinrich F L Rellstab, German music theorist
  • Apr 13th Joseph Rastrelli, composer
  • Apr 22nd Jean Poiseuille, physician/physiologist (blood pressure)
  • May 11th John Lowell, American philanthropist (d. 1836)
  • May 20th Honoré de Balzac, French novelist (d. 1850)
  • May 21st Mary Anning, Lyme Regis, Dorset, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset)
  • May 23rd Thomas Hood, English poet/composer (Song of the Shirt)
  • May 27th Jacques-Francois-Fromental-Elle Halevy, [Elie Levy], composer
  • Jun 6th Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer and poet (Eugene Onegin) (5/26 OS)
  • Jun 18th William Lassell, discoverer (satellites of Uranus & Neptune)
  • Jun 23rd John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • Jul 4th F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59)
  • Jul 25th David Douglas, Scottish botanist (d. 1834)
  • Jul 26th Isaac Babbitt, invented babbitt's metal for bearings
  • Aug 4th Olof Wilhelm Udden, composer
  • Aug 11th Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
  • Aug 20th Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician
  • Sep 19th René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • Oct 1st Rufus Choate, US, lawyer (Hall of Fame)
  • Oct 5th Anthony G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch Min of Reformed Worship
  • Oct 15th August Ferdinand Haeser, composer
  • Oct 30th Ignace Bourget, bishop of Montreal (d. 1885)
  • Nov 3rd William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • Nov 9th Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (d. 1877)
  • Nov 17th Titian Ramsey Peale, US, artist/naturalist (American Ornithology)
  • Nov 29th Amos Bronson Alcott, US educator/poet (Concord Days)
  • Dec 12th Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
  • Dec 31st Thomas Taglichsbeck, composer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 11th Politician Henry Clay (21) weds Lucretia Hart in Lexington, Kentucky

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 6th W G Frederik, prince of Orange/general, dies at 25
  • Jan 9th Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • Jan 22nd Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58
  • Jan 26th Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
  • Feb 4th Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
  • Feb 7th Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)
  • Feb 12th Frantisek Xaver Dusek, composer, dies at 67
  • Feb 12th Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
  • Feb 16th Charles Theoby, ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
  • Feb 18th Maurus Haberhauer, composer, dies at 52
  • Feb 19th Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
  • Feb 22nd Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
  • Feb 24th Broerius Brorius, theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
  • Feb 24th Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer, dies at 56
  • Mar 18th John Randall, composer, dies at 82
  • Mar 25th Constantin Reindl, composer, dies at 60
  • Mar 28th Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55
  • Apr 1st Narciso Casanovas, composer, dies at 52
  • Apr 17th Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
  • Apr 19th Pieter Hellendaal, violinist/organist/composer (Glees), dies at 78
  • Apr 28th Francois Giroust, composer, dies at 62
  • May 2nd Henri-Joseph Rigel, composer, dies at 58
  • May 4th Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam (b. 1750)
  • May 9th Claude-Benigne Balbastre, composer, dies at 72
  • May 18th Pierre de Beaumarchais, dramatist, dies
  • May 26th James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • May 31st Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6th Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, dies at 63

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Jun 18th Johann Andre, composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 7th William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • Aug 2nd Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor, dies at 54
  • Aug 5th Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
  • Aug 6th Joseph Friebert, composer, dies at 74
  • Aug 7th John Bacon, English sculptor, dies at 58
  • Aug 15th Giuseppe Parini, Italian poet (b. 1729)
  • Aug 16th Vincenzo Manfredini, composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 20th Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz, composer, dies at 37
  • Aug 29th Pius VI, [Giovanni A Braschi], Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71
  • Aug 31st Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • Sep 7th John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English physician/nature investigator, dies at 68
  • Sep 7th Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
  • Oct 5th Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68
  • Oct 16th Antoine-Frederic Gresnick, composer, dies at 44
  • Oct 23rd William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • Oct 24th Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer, dies at 59
  • Nov 22nd Baroness van Dorth, orangist, executed
  • Dec 5th Robert Kimmerling, composer, dies at 61
  • Dec 6th Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 14th George Washington, 1st president USA (1789-97), dies at 66

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Dec 18th Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (b. 1725)
  • Dec 20th David Traugott Nicolai, composer, dies at 66
  • Dec 31st Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (b. 1723)