What Happened in 1801

Historical Events

  • Jan 1st The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  • Jan 1st The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20th John Marshall appointed US chief justice

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Feb 9th France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 17th US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Thomas Jefferson President over Aaron Burr

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 27th Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • Mar 3rd 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • Mar 4th Thomas Jefferson is the first US President inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 7th Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • Mar 8th British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • Mar 10th First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million
  • Mar 24th Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

BattleBattle of Interest

Apr 2nd Napoleonic Wars: naval Battle of Copenhagen - The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Apr 8th Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • Apr 11th Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig
  • Apr 24th 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten"
  • May 10th First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • Jun 6th Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • Jun 10th Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • Jul 6th Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • Jul 7th Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
  • Jul 11th French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • Jul 12th Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16th Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jul 20th Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • Oct 1st Britain & France signs Preliminary of London
  • Nov 10th Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • Nov 16th First edition of New York Evening Post

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 11th John Lodge Ellerton, composer
  • Jan 21st Ramon Vilanova y Barrera, composer
  • Jan 29th Johannes Bernardus van Bree, Dutch violinist/composer (Felix Meritis)
  • Feb 1st Adolf Fredrik Lindblad, composer
  • Feb 1st Thomas Cole, US, romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • Feb 1st Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
  • Feb 7th John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist
  • Feb 21st Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda, composer
  • Feb 21st John Henry Newman, England, cardinal/author (Dream of Gerontius)
  • Mar 15th Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • Mar 21st Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • Mar 23rd Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • Apr 7th Henry Eagle, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • Apr 11th Claude Tillier, French journalist/writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • Apr 12th Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader
  • Apr 12th Josef Franz Karl Lanner, Austria, composer/violist
  • Apr 19th Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist
  • Apr 26th Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
  • May 6th George Sears Greene, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • May 9th Samuel Cousins, mezzotint engraver
  • May 11th Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • May 16th William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, bought Alaska at 2 ¢/acre (d. 1872)
  • May 31st Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 1st Brigham Young, American religious leader (Mormon church), born in Whitingham, Vermont (d. 1877)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Jun 3rd Frantisek Jan Skroup, composer
  • Jun 4th James Pennethorne, architect
  • Jun 14th Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)
  • Jun 15th Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
  • Jun 16th Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • Jun 23rd Daniel Smith Donelson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5th David Farragut, Campbell's Station, Tennessee, US Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!")

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Jul 12th John Hill Hewitt, composer
  • Jul 14th Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • Jul 26th John Drake Sloat, Ret Major General Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1867)
  • Jul 27th George Biddle Airy, 7th Astronomer Royal
  • Jul 29th George Bradshaw, English publisher (d. 1853)
  • Aug 3rd Joseph Paxton, English landscape architect (Crystal Palace)
  • Aug 10th Robert Woodward Barnwell, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1882)
  • Aug 21st Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, WW II Dutch statesman/historian
  • Aug 28th Antoine A Cournot, French philosopher/mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • Sep 4th Cullen Whipple, Providence Rhode Island, American Inventor (pointed screw machine)
  • Sep 10th Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner (d. 1881)
  • Sep 12th Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing-teacher
  • Sep 17th Edward William Lane, translator (Thousand & 1 Nights)
  • Sep 24th Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian scientist (d. 1862)
  • Oct 6th Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (d. 1888)
  • Oct 7th Adolf Muller, composer
  • Oct 12th Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss statesman (d. 1873)
  • Oct 14th Joseph AF Plateau, Belgium, physicist (blinded-stared at Sun 25 secs)
  • Oct 23rd Gustav Albert Lortzing, composer
  • Oct 28th Karl Georg Lickl, composer
  • Nov 3rd Karl Baedeker, Germany, published travel books
  • Nov 3rd Vincenzo Bellini, Italian opera composer (La Sonnambula, Norma)
  • Nov 9th Gail Borden, Norwich New York, American Manufacturer and Inventor of condensed milk
  • Nov 10th Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (d. 1872)
  • Nov 13th Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, queen of Prussia (d. 1873)
  • Nov 13th Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, queen of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • Nov 24th Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)
  • Nov 27th Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, composer
  • Dec 7th Johann Nepomuk Nestroy, Austrian actor (Judith und Holofernes)
  • Dec 11th Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German dramatist, born in Detmold, Lippe (d. 1836)
  • Dec 12th Johann (John), King of Saxony (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • Dec 27th Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • Dec 28th James Barnes, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1869)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2nd Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59
  • Jan 11th Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (Matrimonio segreto), dies at 51
  • Feb 7th Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • Feb 8th Johann Chrysostomus Drexel, composer, dies at 43
  • Mar 14th Christian Friedrich Penzel, composer, dies at 63
  • Mar 17th Juan de Sesse y Balaguer, composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 21st Andrea Lucchesi, composer, dies at 59
  • Mar 23rd Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle aged 46
  • Mar 25th Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • Mar 25th Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), dies at 28
  • Mar 28th Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • Apr 2nd Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)
  • Apr 7th Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
  • May 5th Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 74
  • May 12th Nicholas Repnin, Russian statesman (b. 1734)
  • May 14th Johann Ernst Altenburg, composer, dies at 66
  • May 15th Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • May 17th William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • May 19th Herman H Vitringa, politician (National Meetings), dies
  • May 22nd Heinrich Gottfried Reichard, composer, dies at 58
  • Jun 4th Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 14th Benedict Arnold, Revolutionary War general, dies in London at 60

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • Jun 23rd Bendix Friedrich Zinck, composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 3rd Johann Nepomuk Went, composer, dies at 56
  • Jul 26th Daniel Dal Barba, composer, dies at 86
  • Aug 22nd Pieter G van Overstraten, gov-gen of Neth-Indies, dies at 46
  • Aug 24th Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • Sep 1st Robert Bage, English writer (Hermsprong), dies
  • Sep 10th Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (b. 1780)
  • Oct 3rd Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • Oct 23rd Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, dies at 60
  • Nov 4th William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)
  • Nov 5th Norinaga Moto'ori, Japanese scientist, dies
  • Nov 6th Christian Friedrich Gregor, composer, dies at 78
  • Nov 9th Carl Philipp Stamitz, composer, dies at 56
  • Nov 24th Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
  • Nov 28th Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)