What Happened in 1804

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Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
  • Jan 5 Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • Jan 30 Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • Jan 31 British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • Feb 14 Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
  • Feb 15 New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • Feb 16 US Navy Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
  • Feb 18 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
  • Feb 21 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick's, runs for 1st time, in Wales

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23 Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Feb 24 London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Feb 25 Thomas Jefferson nominated for US President at Democratic-Republican caucus

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 26 Vice-admiral William Bligh (of Bounty fame) ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
  • Mar 4 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.
  • Mar 17 Friedrich Schiller's play "Wilhelm Tell" premieres
  • Mar 21 Civil Code of Napoleon adopted in France
  • Mar 26 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • Mar 26 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • Mar 28 Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
  • Mar 29 Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • Apr 2 Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.
  • Apr 5 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
  • Apr 22 Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola
  • Apr 28 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch
  • Apr 30 The New Hague Theater opens in The Hague, the Netherlands
  • May 6 Suriname sold to Great Britain (until Feb 1816)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Meriwether Lewis & William Clark's expedition commissioned by Thomas Jefferson sets out from St Louis for Pacific Coast

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • May 17 Lewis & Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18 Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • May 21 Lewis & Clark Expedition begins
  • Jun 15 12th amendment to the US constitution ratified; deals with regulating judicial power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Jul 12 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt lands at Bordeaux, France completing his 5 year expedition to Latin America

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • Aug 11 Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
  • Aug 25 Alice Meynell becomes 1st woman jockey (England)
  • Sep 1 Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • Sep 25 12th amendment to US constitution, regulating judicial power
  • Oct 2 Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • Oct 9 Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • Nov 18 Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • Nov 30 Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins
  • Dec 2 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of France in Paris
  • Dec 5 Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President, George Clinton Vice President
  • Dec 7 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8 George Childress, Lawyer, statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1841)

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Jan 12 Hippolyte Monpou, composer
  • Jan 13 Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • Jan 13 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • Jan 14 John Park, Scottish composer and minister, born in Greenock, Renfrewshire, (d. 1865)
  • Jan 16 Karl August Krebs, composer
  • Jan 20 Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • Jan 21 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
  • Jan 31 Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic
  • Feb 2 Leopold Eugen Mechura, composer
  • Feb 5 Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finland, poet
  • Feb 6 Ragnerus L van Andringa de Kempenaer, Dutch officer/swindler

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 7 John Deere, Rutland, Vermont, pioneer American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • Feb 8 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (d. 1834)
  • Feb 12 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
  • Feb 16 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • Feb 17 Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 19 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • Feb 19 David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • Mar 8 Alvan Clark, Ashfield Massachusetts, American Astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, Old University of Chicago, the largest telescope in the world at the time
  • Mar 14 Johann Strauss, the Elder, Viennese violinist and composer (Radetzky March) (d. 1849)
  • Mar 17 James Bridger, scout/fur trader/mountain man par excellance
  • Mar 20 Neal Dow, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Mar 30 Salomon Sulzer, composer
  • Apr 4 Joseph Fischhof, composer
  • Apr 23 Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (Triangulatie of Belgium)
  • Apr 24 Thomas Oliver Selfridge, Comm (Union Navy)
  • Apr 26 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • May 1 Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (d. 1860)
  • May 5 Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise)
  • May 12 Robert Baldwin, (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • May 16 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, educator/founder (US kindergarten)
  • May 17 Ottho G Heldring, Dutch vicar/reformer (Heldring Institutions)
  • May 22 John William (Turk) Livingston, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1885)
  • May 31 Jeanne-Louise Farrenc, composer
  • Jun 1 Mikhail Glinka, Novosspaskoye Russia, composer ("Jota Aragonesa", "Ruslan and Ludmilla") [OS=May 20]
  • Jun 3 Richard Cobden, Sussex, founder (Anti-Corn-Law League)
  • Jun 6 Petter Conrad Boman, composer
  • Jun 8 Jan Baptist van Son, Dutch politician (RC)
  • Jun 10 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
  • Jun 24 Stephan L Endlicher, Austrian priest/botanist
  • Jun 24 Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • Jul 1 George Sand, France, (female) novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • Jul 4 Desire de Haerne, Belgian priest/Congressional leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4 Nathaniel Hawthorne, author (House of 7 Gables, The Scarlet Letter), born in Salem Massachusetts (d. 1864)

  • Jul 10 Emma Smith Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1879)
  • Jul 14 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general
  • Jul 20 Richard Owen, British zoologist
  • Jul 21 Victor Schoelcher, Guadeloupe, abolished french slavery
  • Jul 25 Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Education
  • Jul 28 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • Aug 6 Justinus van der Brugghen, Dutch lawyer/minister of Justice (1856-58)
  • Aug 30 Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [OS]
  • Sep 8 Eduard Mörike, German poet (d. 1875)
  • Sep 11 Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [NS]
  • Sep 14 John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
  • Sep 14 Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • Sep 23 David Van de Kellen, coin engraver
  • Oct 3 Townsend Harris, 1st Western consul to reside in Japan
  • Oct 3 Allan Kardec, French founder of Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • Oct 4 "Felix", cricketer (Nicholas Wanostracht)
  • Oct 5 Robert Parker Parrott, Inventor, (d. 1877)
  • Oct 10 Albin Masek, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1878)
  • Oct 18 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thailand (1851-68)
  • Oct 24 Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
  • Oct 26 Lorenzo Thomas, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1875)
  • Oct 28 Pierre F Verhulst, Belgium, mathematician (logistic curve)
  • Nov 13 Theophilus Hunter Holmes, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • Nov 18 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 23 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire (d. 1869)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Nov 27 Julius Benedict, Stuttgart Germany, opera composer (Protoghesi)
  • Dec 10 Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (d. 1851)
  • Dec 13 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
  • Dec 16 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 21 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, born in London (d. 1881)

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • Dec 23 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic/writer (Informal Talk)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 13 Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset

Economist and Demographer Thomas Malthus
Economist and Demographer
Thomas Malthus

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Charlotte Lennox, English novelist (The Female Quixote), dies
  • Jan 15 Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
  • Feb 2 Caesar Rodney, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 62
  • Feb 2 George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)
  • Feb 6 Joseph Priestley, Engl/US theologist/philosopher/chemist, dies at 70
  • Feb 12 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • Mar 1 Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen, composer, dies at 63
  • Mar 4 Karl Leopold Rollig, composer, dies
  • Mar 16 Francisco marquis Albergati Capacelli, Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • Mar 20 Ignaz Malzat, composer, dies at 47
  • Mar 21 Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
  • Mar 30 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
  • Apr 3 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • Apr 9 Jacques Necker, fiancier/statesman, dies
  • Apr 15 Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)
  • Apr 28 Hans Gram, composer, dies at 49
  • May 24 Simon Style, Fries medical/writer, dies at 73
  • Jun 3 Jean-Engelbert Pauwels, composer, dies at 35
  • Jun 16 Johann Adam Hiller, composer, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 12 Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • Jul 17 Christian Ernst Graf, composer, dies at 80
  • Jul 25 William Forsyth, English gardening expert (Forsythia), dies
  • Aug 17 Barbara Hec, organized 1st methodist church in US, dies
  • Aug 20 Charles Floyd, only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • Sep 4 Richard Somers, American naval officer
  • Sep 29 Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • Oct 2 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
  • Nov 2 Armand-Gaston Camus, French chairman of Council of 500, dies at 64
  • Nov 5 Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, poetess (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 66
  • Nov 14 Agatha "Aagje" Blanket, literary (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 62
  • Nov 19 Pietro Alessandro Guglieli, Italian opera composer, dies at 75
  • Nov 23 Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
  • Dec 19 Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies