What Happened in 1804

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Historical Events

  • Jan 1st Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
  • Jan 5th Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • Jan 30th Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • Jan 31st British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • Feb 14th Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
  • Feb 15th New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • Feb 16th US Navy Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
  • Feb 18th 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
  • Feb 21st 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick's, runs for 1st time, in Wales

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23rd Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Feb 24th London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Feb 25th Thomas Jefferson nominated for US President at Democratic-Republican caucus

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 26th Vice-admiral William Bligh (of Bounty fame) ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
  • Mar 4th The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.
  • Mar 17th Friedrich Schiller's play "Wilhelm Tell" premieres
  • Mar 21st Civil Code of Napoleon adopted in France
  • Mar 26th Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • Mar 26th Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • Mar 28th Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
  • Mar 29th Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • Apr 2nd Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.
  • Apr 5th High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
  • Apr 22nd Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola
  • Apr 28th 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch
  • Apr 30th The New Hague Theater opens in The Hague, the Netherlands
  • May 6th Suriname sold to Great Britain (until Feb 1816)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14th Meriwether Lewis & William Clark's expedition commissioned by Thomas Jefferson sets out from St Louis for Pacific Coast

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • May 17th Lewis & Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18th Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • May 21st Lewis & Clark Expedition begins
  • Jun 15th 12th amendment to the US constitution ratified; deals with regulating judicial power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11th Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • Jul 12th Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3rd Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt lands at Bordeaux, France completing his 5 year expedition to Latin America

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • Aug 11th Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
  • Aug 25th Alice Meynell becomes 1st woman jockey (England)
  • Sep 1st Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • Sep 25th 12th amendment to US constitution, regulating judicial power
  • Oct 2nd Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • Oct 9th Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • Nov 18th Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • Nov 30th Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins
  • Dec 2nd Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned emperor of France in Paris
  • Dec 5th Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President, George Clinton Vice President
  • Dec 7th Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8th George Childress, Lawyer, statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1841)

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Jan 12th Hippolyte Monpou, composer
  • Jan 13th Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • Jan 13th John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • Jan 14th John Park, Scottish composer and minister, born in Greenock, Renfrewshire, (d. 1865)
  • Jan 16th Karl August Krebs, composer
  • Jan 20th Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • Jan 21st Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
  • Jan 31st Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic
  • Feb 2nd Leopold Eugen Mechura, composer
  • Feb 5th Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finland, poet
  • Feb 6th Ragnerus L van Andringa de Kempenaer, Dutch officer/swindler

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 7th John Deere, Rutland, Vermont, pioneer American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • Feb 8th Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (d. 1834)
  • Feb 12th Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
  • Feb 16th Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • Feb 17th Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 19th Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • Feb 19th David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • Mar 8th Alvan Clark, Ashfield Massachusetts, American Astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, Old University of Chicago, the largest telescope in the world at the time
  • Mar 14th Johann Strauss, the Elder, Viennese violinist and composer (Radetzky March) (d. 1849)
  • Mar 17th James Bridger, scout/fur trader/mountain man par excellance
  • Mar 20th Neal Dow, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Mar 30th Salomon Sulzer, composer
  • Apr 4th Joseph Fischhof, composer
  • Apr 23rd Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (Triangulatie of Belgium)
  • Apr 24th Thomas Oliver Selfridge, Comm (Union Navy)
  • Apr 26th Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • May 1st Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (d. 1860)
  • May 5th Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise)
  • May 12th Robert Baldwin, (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • May 16th Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, educator/founder (US kindergarten)
  • May 17th Ottho G Heldring, Dutch vicar/reformer (Heldring Institutions)
  • May 22nd John William (Turk) Livingston, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1885)
  • May 31st Jeanne-Louise Farrenc, composer
  • Jun 1st Mikhail Glinka, Novosspaskoye Russia, composer ("Jota Aragonesa", "Ruslan and Ludmilla") [OS=May 20]
  • Jun 3rd Richard Cobden, Sussex, founder (Anti-Corn-Law League)
  • Jun 6th Petter Conrad Boman, composer
  • Jun 8th Jan Baptist van Son, Dutch politician (RC)
  • Jun 10th Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
  • Jun 24th Stephan L Endlicher, Austrian priest/botanist
  • Jun 24th Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • Jul 1st George Sand, France, (female) novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • Jul 4th Desire de Haerne, Belgian priest/Congressional leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4th Nathaniel Hawthorne, author (House of 7 Gables, The Scarlet Letter), born in Salem Massachusetts (d. 1864)

  • Jul 10th Emma Smith Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1879)
  • Jul 14th Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general
  • Jul 20th Richard Owen, British zoologist
  • Jul 21st Victor Schoelcher, Guadeloupe, abolished french slavery
  • Jul 25th Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Education
  • Jul 28th Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • Aug 6th Justinus van der Brugghen, Dutch lawyer/minister of Justice (1856-58)
  • Aug 30th Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [OS]
  • Sep 8th Eduard Mörike, German poet (d. 1875)
  • Sep 11th Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [NS]
  • Sep 14th John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
  • Sep 14th Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • Sep 23rd David Van de Kellen, coin engraver
  • Oct 3rd Townsend Harris, 1st Western consul to reside in Japan
  • Oct 3rd Allan Kardec, French founder of Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • Oct 4th "Felix", cricketer (Nicholas Wanostracht)
  • Oct 5th Robert Parker Parrott, Inventor, (d. 1877)
  • Oct 10th Albin Masek, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1878)
  • Oct 18th Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thailand (1851-68)
  • Oct 24th Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
  • Oct 26th Lorenzo Thomas, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1875)
  • Oct 28th Pierre F Verhulst, Belgium, mathematician (logistic curve)
  • Nov 13th Theophilus Hunter Holmes, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • Nov 18th Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 23rd Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire (d. 1869)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Nov 27th Julius Benedict, Stuttgart Germany, opera composer (Protoghesi)
  • Dec 10th Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (d. 1851)
  • Dec 13th Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
  • Dec 16th Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
  • Dec 21st Benjamin Disraeli, (Tory) British PM (1868, 1874-80)
  • Dec 23rd Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic/writer (Informal Talk)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 13th Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset

Economist and Demographer Thomas Malthus
Economist and Demographer
Thomas Malthus

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4th Charlotte Lennox, English novelist (The Female Quixote), dies
  • Jan 15th Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
  • Feb 2nd Caesar Rodney, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 62
  • Feb 2nd George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)
  • Feb 6th Joseph Priestley, Engl/US theologist/philosopher/chemist, dies at 70
  • Feb 12th Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • Mar 1st Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen, composer, dies at 63
  • Mar 4th Karl Leopold Rollig, composer, dies
  • Mar 16th Francisco marquis Albergati Capacelli, Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • Mar 20th Ignaz Malzat, composer, dies at 47
  • Mar 21st Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
  • Mar 30th Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
  • Apr 3rd Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • Apr 9th Jacques Necker, fiancier/statesman, dies
  • Apr 15th Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)
  • Apr 28th Hans Gram, composer, dies at 49
  • May 24th Simon Style, Fries medical/writer, dies at 73
  • Jun 3rd Jean-Engelbert Pauwels, composer, dies at 35
  • Jun 16th Johann Adam Hiller, composer, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 12th Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • Jul 17th Christian Ernst Graf, composer, dies at 80
  • Jul 25th William Forsyth, English gardening expert (Forsythia), dies
  • Aug 17th Barbara Hec, organized 1st methodist church in US, dies
  • Aug 20th Charles Floyd, only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • Sep 4th Richard Somers, American naval officer
  • Sep 29th Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • Oct 2nd Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
  • Nov 2nd Armand-Gaston Camus, French chairman of Council of 500, dies at 64
  • Nov 5th Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, poetess (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 66
  • Nov 14th Agatha "Aagje" Blanket, literary (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 62
  • Nov 19th Pietro Alessandro Guglieli, Italian opera composer, dies at 75
  • Nov 23rd Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
  • Dec 19th Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies