What Happened in January 1809

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • Jan 5 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jan 12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • Jan 16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • Jan 20 1st US geology book published by William Maclure

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
  • Jan 2 Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 4 Louis Braille, French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, born in Coupvray, France (d. 1852)

Braille Inventor Louis Braille
Braille Inventor
Louis Braille
  • Jan 15 Cornelia Connelly, founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, France, politician (libertarian socialist)
  • Jan 18 Richard Caswell Gatlin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 19 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic (The Pit and the Pendulum) considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre (Murders in the Rue Morgue), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1849)

  • Jan 20 Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (La Paloma)
  • Jan 23 Veer Surendra Sai, Indian Freedom Fighter

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Bartolomeo Giacometti, composer, dies at 67
  • Jan 16 Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)
  • Jan 21 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)