What Happened in 1811

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Historical Events

  • Jan 2nd US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
  • Jan 8th Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • Jan 9th 1st Women's Golf Tournament held
  • Jan 10th Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes
  • Feb 2nd Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of SF
  • Feb 11th President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • Feb 20th Austria declares bankruptcy
  • Mar 1st Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • Mar 1st French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • Mar 25th Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism.
  • Apr 12th 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment (Washington)
  • May 14th Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • May 16th Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • May 18th Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas.
  • Jul 5th Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themnselves independent of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11th Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Amedeo Avogadro
  • Jul 30th Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • Sep 18th British expeditionary army conquerors Dutch Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6th French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Oct 11th The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • Oct 29th 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
  • Nov 5th El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 7th Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Nov 11th Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • Dec 16th Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
  • Dec 26th A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 5th Cyrus Hamlin, educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey)
  • Jan 6th Charles Sumner, leading Reconstruction senator, (d. 1874)
  • Jan 9th Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • Feb 3rd Horace Greeley, editor ("Go west, young man")
  • Feb 6th Henry George Liddell, father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland (d. 1898)
  • Feb 8th Edwin Denison Morgan, Sect of War (Confederacy), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 15th Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74)
  • Feb 23rd George Washington Hewitt, composer
  • Feb 24th Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
  • Feb 24th Edward Dickinson Baker, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1861)
  • Feb 25th Carl Schuberth, composer
  • Mar 1st Robert Christie Buchanan, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1878)
  • Mar 3rd Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • Mar 7th Christian Heinrich Hohmann, composer
  • Mar 11th Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 11th Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • Mar 15th Robert Allen, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20th George Caleb Bingham, US, politician/painter (Country Election)
  • Mar 20th Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
  • Mar 21st Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • Mar 23rd Camille Marie Stamaty, composer
  • Mar 23rd Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert, composer
  • Mar 30th Angelo Catelani, Italian composer/conductor
  • Mar 31st Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen, Germany, chemist (Bunsen Burner)
  • Apr 17th Ann Sheppard Mounsey, composer
  • Apr 21st Alson Sherman, American politician (d. 1903)
  • May 11th Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese Siamese twins
  • May 11th Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • May 24th Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • Jun 7th James Young Simpson, Scotland, obsterician (used chloroform)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 14th Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1896)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Jun 17th Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19th Henry Prince, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Jun 21st Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24th John Archibald Campbell, Asst Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11th Joseph Lanman, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • Jul 11th William Robert Grove, Swansea, Welsh Physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell
  • Jul 18th William Makepeace Thackeray, England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair)
  • Jul 19th Vincenz Lachner, composer
  • Jul 20th James Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, governor (Jamaica)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 3rd Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Aug 5th Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896)
  • Aug 6th Judah Philip Benjamin, Secy War/Secy State (Confederacy) [or Aug 11]
  • Aug 11th Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
  • Aug 17th Johannes H Scholten, Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • Aug 20th Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union volunteers) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • Aug 22nd William Kelly, American inventor (d. 1888)
  • Aug 25th Joseph Dana Webster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Aug 26th Danville Leadbetter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Aug 29th Henry Bergh, 1st president of SPCA
  • Aug 30th Thomas Gautier, writer
  • Aug 31st Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • Aug 31st Theophile Gautier, Tarbas France, writer/poet (Albertus)
  • Sep 3rd John Humphrey Noyes, Vt, found Oneida Community (Perfectionists)
  • Sep 6th James Melville Gilliss, founder (Naval Observatory in Washington)
  • Sep 6th Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot)
  • Sep 7th William Hamsley Emory, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Sep 12th James Hall, US geologist (Natural history of NY)
  • Sep 15th Jan Nepomuk Skroup, composer
  • Sep 15th Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author
  • Sep 19th Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
  • Sep 28th Friedrich Hecker, Baden, German revolutionary republican politician
  • Sep 30th Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • Oct 16th Gaetano Capocci, composer
  • Oct 17th Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
  • Oct 18th Hugh Thompson Reid, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 22nd Franz Liszt, Raiding Hungary, romantic composer/virtuoso pianist (Faust Symphony), (d. 1886)

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt
  • Oct 24th Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist/composer/conductor
  • Oct 25th Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • Oct 27th Isaac Merrit Singer, Pittstown New York, inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)
  • Oct 27th Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • Nov 7th Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet)
  • Nov 10th Louis Kufferath, composer
  • Nov 11th Ben McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Nov 13th Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Petrograd (d. 1898)
  • Nov 19th John Ancrum Winslow, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1873)
  • Nov 21st Zeng Guofan, Chinese military (d. 1872)
  • Nov 24th Ditler G Monrad, Danish theologist/bishop/premier (1863- )
  • Nov 24th Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • Nov 28th Maximilian II Jozef, king of Bayern (1848-64)
  • Nov 29th Wendell Phillips, women's suffrage/antislavery/prison reformer
  • Dec 2nd Jean-Charles Chapais, French Canadian politician, Father of the Canadian Confederation (d. 1885)
  • Dec 8th Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser, composer
  • Dec 18th Alexander Sandor Asboth, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • Dec 25th Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 1st Writer James Fenimore Cooper (21) weds Susan Augusta de Lancey in Mamaroneck, New York

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 8th US Vice President John C. Calhoun (28) weds Floride Bonneau (19)

Politician John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
  • Aug 28th English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8th Friedrich Nicolai, writer, dies
  • Jan 8th Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
  • Jan 10th Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
  • Feb 9th Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies
  • Mar 14th August Henry Fitzroy, English premier (1768-70), dies at 75
  • Mar 19th Frantisek Adam Mica, composer, dies at 65
  • Apr 3rd Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • Apr 5th Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday Schools, dies
  • Apr 7th Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
  • Apr 15th Ernest Louis Muller, composer, dies at 70
  • May 4th Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
  • May 5th Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • May 12th Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey, composer, dies at 52
  • May 28th Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
  • Jun 11th Charles Frederick, liberal ruler of Baden, dies at 82
  • Jun 19th Samuel Chase, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 70
  • Jul 19th Christian Gotthilf Tag, composer, dies at 76
  • Jul 27th Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, Mexican priest/freedom fighter, executed
  • Jul 28th Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Coriolan), dies
  • Jul 31st Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • Aug 2nd William Williams, US merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 80
  • Aug 3rd Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, Dutch dir-gen of East Indies Co, dies at 49
  • Aug 12th John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • Aug 18th Johann Heinrich Zang, composer, dies at 78
  • Aug 20th Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)
  • Sep 3rd Ignaz Franzl, composer, dies at 75
  • Sep 6th Julien-Amable Mathieu, composer, dies at 77
  • Sep 8th Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69
  • Sep 30th Thomas Percy, English bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • Oct 7th August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68
  • Oct 11th Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • Oct 15th Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • Nov 8th Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies, dies at 47
  • Nov 21st Heinrich W von Kleist, German playwright, dies at 34
  • Nov 27th Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • Dec 7th Ignaz Spangler, composer, dies at 54
  • Dec 8th Eliza Poe, English-born American actress and the mother of the American author Edgar Allan Poe (b. 1787)
  • Dec 17th John Antes, American composer and missionary , dies at 71
  • Dec 17th Louis-Abet Deffroy de Reigny, composer, dies at 54