What Happened in 1811

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Historical Events

  • Jan 2 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
  • Jan 8 Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • Jan 9 1st Women's Golf Tournament held
  • Jan 10 Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes
  • Feb 2 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of SF
  • Feb 11 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • Feb 20 Austria declares bankruptcy
  • Mar 1 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • Mar 1 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • Mar 25 Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism.
  • Apr 12 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment (Washington)
  • May 14 Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • May 16 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • May 18 Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas.
  • Jul 5 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themnselves independent of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Scientist
Amedeo Avogadro
  • Jul 30 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • Sep 18 British expeditionary army conquers Dutch Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Oct 11 The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • Oct 29 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
  • Nov 5 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 7 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Nov 11 Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • Dec 16 Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
  • Dec 26 A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 5 Cyrus Hamlin, educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey)
  • Jan 6 Charles Sumner, leading Reconstruction senator, (d. 1874)
  • Jan 9 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • Feb 3 Horace Greeley, editor ("Go west, young man")
  • Feb 6 Henry George Liddell, father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland (d. 1898)
  • Feb 8 Edwin Denison Morgan, Sect of War (Confederacy), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 15 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74)
  • Feb 23 George Washington Hewitt, composer
  • Feb 24 Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
  • Feb 24 Edward Dickinson Baker, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1861)
  • Feb 25 Carl Schuberth, composer
  • Mar 1 Robert Christie Buchanan, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1878)
  • Mar 3 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • Mar 7 Christian Heinrich Hohmann, composer
  • Mar 11 Marsena Rudolph Patrick, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 11 Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • Mar 15 Robert Allen, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 George Caleb Bingham, US, politician/painter (Country Election)
  • Mar 20 Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
  • Mar 21 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • Mar 23 Camille Marie Stamaty, composer
  • Mar 23 Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert, composer
  • Mar 30 Angelo Catelani, Italian composer/conductor
  • Mar 31 Robert Wilhelm Eberhard von Bunsen, Germany, chemist (Bunsen Burner)
  • Apr 17 Ann Sheppard Mounsey, composer
  • Apr 21 Alson Sherman, American politician (d. 1903)
  • May 11 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • May 11 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • May 24 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • Jun 7 James Young Simpson, Scotland, obsterician (used chloroform)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 14 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1896)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Jun 17 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19 Henry Prince, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Jun 21 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24 John Archibald Campbell, Asst Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 Joseph Lanman, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • Jul 11 William Robert Grove, Swansea, Welsh Physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell
  • Jul 18 William Makepeace Thackeray, England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair)
  • Jul 19 Vincenz Lachner, composer
  • Jul 20 James Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, governor (Jamaica)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 3 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Aug 5 Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896)
  • Aug 6 Judah Philip Benjamin, Secy War/Secy State (Confederacy) [or Aug 11]
  • Aug 11 Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
  • Aug 17 Johannes H Scholten, Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • Aug 20 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union volunteers) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • Aug 22 William Kelly, American inventor (d. 1888)
  • Aug 25 Joseph Dana Webster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Aug 26 Danville Leadbetter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Aug 29 Henry Bergh, 1st president of SPCA
  • Aug 30 Thomas Gautier, writer
  • Aug 31 Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • Aug 31 Theophile Gautier, Tarbas France, writer/poet (Albertus)
  • Sep 3 John Humphrey Noyes, Vt, found Oneida Community (Perfectionists)
  • Sep 6 James Melville Gilliss, founder (Naval Observatory in Washington)
  • Sep 6 Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot)
  • Sep 7 William Hamsley Emory, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Sep 12 James Hall, US geologist (Natural history of NY)
  • Sep 15 Jan Nepomuk Skroup, composer
  • Sep 15 Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author
  • Sep 19 Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
  • Sep 28 Friedrich Hecker, Baden, German revolutionary republican politician
  • Sep 30 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • Oct 16 Gaetano Capocci, composer
  • Oct 17 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
  • Oct 18 Hugh Thompson Reid, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 22 Franz Liszt, Hungarian romantic composer and virtuoso pianist (Faust Symphony), born in Raiding, Hungary (d. 1886)

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer/Pianist
Franz Liszt
  • Oct 24 Ferdinand Hiller, German pianist/composer/conductor
  • Oct 25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • Oct 27 Isaac Merrit Singer, Pittstown New York, inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)
  • Oct 27 Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • Nov 7 Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet)
  • Nov 10 Louis Kufferath, composer
  • Nov 11 Ben McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Nov 13 Yuri Karlovich Arnold, Russian composer, born in St. Petersburg, Petrograd (d. 1898)
  • Nov 19 John Ancrum Winslow, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1873)
  • Nov 21 Zeng Guofan, Chinese military (d. 1872)
  • Nov 24 Ditler G Monrad, Danish theologist/bishop/premier (1863- )
  • Nov 24 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • Nov 28 Maximilian II Jozef, king of Bayern (1848-64)
  • Nov 29 Wendell Phillips, women's suffrage/antislavery/prison reformer
  • Dec 2 Jean-Charles Chapais, French Canadian politician, Father of the Canadian Confederation (d. 1885)
  • Dec 8 Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser, composer
  • Dec 18 Alexander Sandor Asboth, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • Dec 25 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 1 Writer James Fenimore Cooper (21) weds Susan Augusta de Lancey in Mamaroneck, New York

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 8 US Vice President John C. Calhoun (28) weds Floride Bonneau (19)

Politician John C. Calhoun
Politician
John C. Calhoun
  • Aug 28 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8 Friedrich Nicolai, writer, dies
  • Jan 8 Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
  • Jan 10 Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
  • Feb 9 Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies
  • Mar 14 August Henry Fitzroy, English premier (1768-70), dies at 75
  • Mar 19 Frantisek Adam Mica, composer, dies at 65
  • Apr 3 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • Apr 5 Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday Schools, dies
  • Apr 7 Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
  • Apr 15 Ernest Louis Muller, composer, dies at 70
  • May 4 Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
  • May 5 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • May 12 Louis-Charles-Joseph Rey, composer, dies at 52
  • May 28 Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
  • Jun 11 Charles Frederick, liberal ruler of Baden, dies at 82
  • Jun 19 Samuel Chase, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 70
  • Jul 19 Christian Gotthilf Tag, composer, dies at 76
  • Jul 27 Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, Mexican priest/freedom fighter, executed
  • Jul 28 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Coriolan), dies
  • Jul 31 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • Aug 2 William Williams, US merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 80
  • Aug 3 Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, Dutch dir-gen of East Indies Co, dies at 49
  • Aug 12 John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • Aug 18 Johann Heinrich Zang, composer, dies at 78
  • Aug 20 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)
  • Sep 3 Ignaz Franzl, composer, dies at 75
  • Sep 6 Julien-Amable Mathieu, composer, dies at 77
  • Sep 8 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69
  • Sep 30 Thomas Percy, English bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • Oct 7 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68
  • Oct 11 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • Oct 15 Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • Nov 8 Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies, dies at 47
  • Nov 21 Heinrich W von Kleist, German playwright, dies at 34
  • Nov 27 Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • Dec 7 Ignaz Spangler, composer, dies at 54
  • Dec 8 Eliza Poe, English-born American actress and the mother of the American author Edgar Allan Poe (b. 1787)
  • Dec 17 John Antes, American composer and missionary , dies at 71
  • Dec 17 Louis-Abet Deffroy de Reigny, composer, dies at 54