What Happened in 1815

Historical Events

  • Jan 3rd France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • Jan 8th Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • Jan 15th War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30th Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 3rd World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • Feb 6th NJ issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)
  • Feb 13th The Cambridge Union Society is founded.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 26th Napoleon & 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 1st Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
  • Mar 2nd Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • Mar 3rd US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • Mar 16th Willem I proclaimed king of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • Mar 20th Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • Mar 24th Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
  • Apr 5th Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • Apr 6th English militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
  • Apr 10th Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • May 3rd Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
  • May 16th The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.
  • May 24th George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
  • Jun 1st Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • Jun 8th 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • Jun 9th End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • Jun 16th Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • Jun 16th Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • Jun 17th Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • Jun 18th Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • Jun 22nd 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • Jun 30th US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • Jul 9th 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 9th King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • Jul 9th Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • Jul 15th Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • Jul 15th 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • Aug 6th US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
  • Aug 9th Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • Sep 21st King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • Sep 26th Russia, Prussia & Austria sign Holy Alliance
  • Sep 28th Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • Sep 29th King Willem I forms Dutch Order of the Lion
  • Oct 8th Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • Oct 12th Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
  • Oct 15th Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
  • Oct 31st Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp
  • Nov 20th 2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • Nov 20th Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 27th City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • Nov 27th Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • Dec 5th Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • Dec 15th Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 23rd "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 108

  • Jan 1st Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
  • Jan 8th George Webb Morell, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • Jan 8th Lawrence Pike Graham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • Jan 9th William Jackson of Masham, English composer and organist, born in Masham, Yorkshire (d. 1866)
  • Jan 10th Alexander Brydie Dyer, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1874)
  • Jan 10th Thomas Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11th John A. Macdonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873 and 1878-1891), born in Glasgow, Scotland

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Jan 13th William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • Jan 15th Henry Morris Naglee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Jan 16th Adolph Trube, composer
  • Jan 16th Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck, Maj-General (Union Army)
  • Jan 18th James Chesnut Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • Jan 18th Richard Yates Gov, MC (Union), (d. 1873)
  • Jan 18th Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (d. 1874)
  • Jan 21st Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
  • Jan 21st John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
  • Jan 22nd Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger, composer
  • Jan 28th Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • Feb 2nd Nathaniel Collins McLean, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • Feb 12th Edward Forbes, Douglas Isle of Man, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography
  • Feb 18th Henri Leys, Flemish painter
  • Feb 21st Ernest Meissonier, French painter/sculptor
  • Feb 25th Robert Hall Chilton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Mar 2nd Antonio Buzzolla, composer
  • Mar 5th John Wentworth, American politician (d. 1888)
  • Mar 9th David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
  • Mar 13th James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
  • Mar 14th Josephine Lang, composer
  • Mar 28th Arsène Houssaye, French novelist (d. 1896)
  • Mar 30th Wincenty Studzinski, composer

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 1st Otto Von Bismarck, Germany, chancellor (1866-90)

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Apr 6th Friedrich Robert Volkmann, composer
  • Apr 11th Klara Fey, German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein)
  • Apr 12th Henry Hugo Pierson, composer
  • Apr 24th Anthony Trollope, English novelist/poet (Barchester Towers)
  • Apr 24th James Edward Harrison, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • Apr 28th Andrew Jackson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Apr 29th Abram Duryee, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • May 3rd Hermanus W Witteveen, Dutch theologist
  • May 5th Eugene-Marin Labiche, French playwright
  • May 8th Jean Delphin Alard, French violinist/composer
  • May 18th Thomas Stanhope Bocock, rep (Confederacy), (d. 1891)
  • May 19th John Gross Barnard, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1882)
  • May 27th Henry Parkes, British journalist/premier of Australia
  • Jun 1st Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
  • Jun 2nd Philip Kearny, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Jun 3rd Martin Edward Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Jun 4th Paul Jones Semmes, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Jun 6th Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto, composer
  • Jun 11th Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19th John William Glover, composer
  • Jun 19th Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (d. 1872)
  • Jul 13th James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1880)
  • Jul 21st Stewart Van Vliet, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1901)
  • Jul 24th Antoine T D'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jan 3, 1810]
  • Jul 28th Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (d. 1889)
  • Jul 30th Thomas Jackson Rodman, Salem Indiana, Bvt Brigadier General (Union volunteers) was an American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder
  • Aug 1st Richard Henry Dana, novelist/lawyer spent 2 years before mast
  • Aug 2nd Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German writer (d. 1894)
  • Aug 4th Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine
  • Aug 5th Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica)
  • Aug 16th John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
  • Aug 19th John Porter McCown, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Aug 29th Anna Ella Carroll, US, civil war writer (Reconstruction)
  • Sep 4th Andreas I Schaepman, archbishop of Utrecht 1868-82
  • Sep 4th Mihaly Mosonyi, composer
  • Sep 5th Carl Wilhelm, composer
  • Sep 5th Tyree Harris Bell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • Sep 6th John Richardson Liddell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 6th Karol Katski, composer
  • Sep 7th Howell Cobb II, Major General/Secy of Treas (Union), (d. 1868)
  • Sep 7th John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (d. 1866)
  • Sep 8th Alexander Ramsey, Gov (Union), (d. 1903)
  • Sep 10th Eleazer Arthur Paine, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 18th Henry Constantine Wayne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 29th Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver
  • Oct 11th Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people
  • Oct 12th William Joseph Hardee, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1873)
  • Oct 13th Jules Quicherat, French historian/archaeologist
  • Oct 16th Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • Oct 17th Emanuel Geibel, writer
  • Oct 23rd João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (d. 1889)
  • Oct 24th John Edwards, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • Oct 25th Ernesto Camillo Sivori, composer
  • Oct 25th Philipp Fahrbach, composer
  • Oct 29th Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
  • Oct 29th Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • Oct 31st Karl Weierstrass, Germany, mathematician (theory of functions)
  • Nov 1st Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
  • Nov 1st Douglas Hancock Cooper, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Nov 2nd George Boole, mathematician (Boolean algebra)
  • Nov 3rd Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu, composer
  • Nov 3rd John Mitchel, Fenian

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 12th Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Johnstown NY, women's rights activist

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Nov 15th John Banvard, painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 23rd William Dennison, postmaster/general (Union), (d. 1882)
  • Nov 24th James Trapier, N Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • Nov 24th Grace Darling, English heroine (d. 1842)
  • Nov 29th Stephen Augustus Hurlbut, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • Dec 8th Adolph Menzel, German painter and graphic artist (d. 1905)

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 2nd Leading Romantic Age poet Lord Byron (27) marries Anne Isabella Milbanke (22)by special licence, at Seaham Hall in County Durham.

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8th Edward Pakenham, Engl general (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle
  • Jan 15th Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson (b. 1761
  • Jan 21st M Claudius, writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 31st José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
  • Feb 4th Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation proponent, dies at 77
  • Feb 4th Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 58
  • Feb 17th Franz Gotz, composer, dies at 59
  • Feb 19th Leonhard von Call, composer, dies at 47

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 24th Robert Fulton, steamboat pioneer, dies at 49

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Feb 26th Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
  • Mar 5th Franz Mesmer, Austrian developer of hypnotism (b. 1734)
  • Apr 21st Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • May 21st Roman Hoffstetter, composer, dies at 73
  • May 29th Cornelis de Gijselaar, politician/patriot, dies at 64
  • Jun 1st Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • Jun 6th Samuel Whitbread, English Politician
  • Jun 16th Frederik Willem, duke of Brunswick (1813-15), dies in battle
  • Jun 17th Hammida, Algerian admiral, dies in battle
  • Jun 18th Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • Jun 18th Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • Aug 2nd Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (b. 1763)
  • Aug 6th James A. Bayard (elder), United States Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
  • Aug 18th Chauncey Goodrich, American politician (b. 1759)
  • Sep 9th John Singleton Copley, British painter, dies at 77
  • Sep 12th Jose Mauricio, composer, dies at 63
  • Sep 24th John Sevier, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn), dies at 70
  • Sep 28th Nicolas Desmarest, French geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • Oct 13th Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • Oct 31st Daniel Belknap, composer, dies at 44
  • Nov 15th Johann Lukas Schubaur, composer, dies at 65
  • Nov 25th Johann Peter Saloman, composer, dies at 70
  • Nov 28th Johann Peter Salomon, composer, dies at 70
  • Dec 3rd John Carroll (priest), first Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S. (b. 1735)
  • Dec 7th Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • Dec 19th Michel Woldemar, composer, dies at 65
  • Dec 19th Robert Hudson, composer, dies at 83
  • Dec 20th Giovanni Meli, Sicilian poet (Buccolica), dies at 75
  • Dec 22nd Jose Maria Morelos, Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards
  • Dec 29th Saartjie Baartman, Hottentot Venus, dies in Paris