What Happened in 1815

Historical Events

  • Jan 3rd France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • Jan 8th Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • Jan 15th War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30th Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 3rd World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • Feb 6th NJ issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)
  • Feb 13th The Cambridge Union Society is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26th Napoleon Bonaparte & his supporters leave Elba to start a 100-day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 1st Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
  • Mar 2nd Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • Mar 3rd US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • Mar 16th Willem I proclaimed king of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • Mar 20th Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • Mar 24th Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
  • Apr 5th Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • Apr 6th British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
  • Apr 10th Austria declares war on realm of Naples
  • May 3rd Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
  • May 16th The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.
  • May 24th George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
  • Jun 1st Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • Jun 8th 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • Jun 9th End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • Jun 16th Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • Jun 16th Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • Jun 17th Stephen Decatur conquerors Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • Jun 18th Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • Jun 22nd 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • Jun 30th US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • Jul 9th 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9th King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • Jul 9th Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • Jul 15th Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • Jul 15th 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • Aug 6th US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
  • Aug 9th Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • Sep 21st King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • Sep 26th Russia, Prussia & Austria sign the Holy Alliance
  • Sep 28th Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • Sep 29th King Willem I forms Dutch Order of the Lion
  • Oct 8th Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • Oct 12th Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
  • Oct 15th Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
  • Oct 31st Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp
  • Nov 20th 2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies after 2nd defeat and abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte.
  • Nov 20th Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 27th City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • Nov 27th Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • Dec 5th Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • Dec 15th Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23rd "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 108

  • Jan 1st Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
  • Jan 8th George Webb Morell, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • Jan 8th Lawrence Pike Graham, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • Jan 9th William Jackson of Masham, English composer and organist, born in Masham, Yorkshire (d. 1866)
  • Jan 10th Alexander Brydie Dyer, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1874)
  • Jan 10th Thomas Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11th John A. Macdonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873 and 1878-1891), born in Glasgow, Scotland

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Jan 13th William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • Jan 15th Henry Morris Naglee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Jan 16th Adolph Trube, composer
  • Jan 16th Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck, Maj-General (Union Army)
  • Jan 18th James Chesnut Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • Jan 18th Richard Yates Gov, MC (Union), (d. 1873)
  • Jan 18th Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (d. 1874)
  • Jan 21st Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
  • Jan 21st John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
  • Jan 22nd Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger, composer
  • Jan 28th Andrew Jackson Hamilton, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • Feb 2nd Nathaniel Collins McLean, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • Feb 12th Edward Forbes, Douglas Isle of Man, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography
  • Feb 18th Henri Leys, Flemish painter
  • Feb 21st Ernest Meissonier, French painter/sculptor
  • Feb 25th Robert Hall Chilton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Mar 2nd Antonio Buzzolla, composer
  • Mar 5th John Wentworth, American politician (d. 1888)
  • Mar 9th David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
  • Mar 13th James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
  • Mar 14th Josephine Lang, composer
  • Mar 28th Arsène Houssaye, French novelist (d. 1896)
  • Mar 30th Wincenty Studzinski, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 1st Otto Von Bismarck, German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, born in Schönhausen, Prussia (d. 1898)

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Apr 6th Friedrich Robert Volkmann, composer
  • Apr 11th Klara Fey, German orchestra leader (Deutscher Arbeiterverein)
  • Apr 12th Henry Hugo Pierson, composer
  • Apr 24th Anthony Trollope, English novelist/poet (Barchester Towers)
  • Apr 24th James Edward Harrison, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • Apr 28th Andrew Jackson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Apr 29th Abram Duryee, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • May 3rd Hermanus W Witteveen, Dutch theologist
  • May 5th Eugene-Marin Labiche, French playwright
  • May 8th Jean Delphin Alard, French violinist/composer
  • May 18th Thomas Stanhope Bocock, rep (Confederacy), (d. 1891)
  • May 19th John Gross Barnard, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1882)
  • May 27th Henry Parkes, British journalist/premier of Australia
  • Jun 1st Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
  • Jun 2nd Philip Kearny, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Jun 3rd Martin Edward Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Jun 4th Paul Jones Semmes, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Jun 6th Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto, composer
  • Jun 11th Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19th John William Glover, composer
  • Jun 19th Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (d. 1872)
  • Jul 13th James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1880)
  • Jul 21st Stewart Van Vliet, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1901)
  • Jul 24th Antoine T D'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jan 3, 1810]
  • Jul 28th Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (d. 1889)
  • Jul 30th Thomas Jackson Rodman, Salem Indiana, Bvt Brigadier General (Union volunteers) was an American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder
  • Aug 1st Richard Henry Dana, novelist/lawyer spent 2 years before mast
  • Aug 2nd Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German writer (d. 1894)
  • Aug 4th Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine
  • Aug 5th Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica)
  • Aug 16th John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
  • Aug 19th John Porter McCown, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Aug 29th Anna Ella Carroll, US, civil war writer (Reconstruction)
  • Sep 4th Andreas I Schaepman, archbishop of Utrecht 1868-82
  • Sep 4th Mihaly Mosonyi, composer
  • Sep 5th Carl Wilhelm, composer
  • Sep 5th Tyree Harris Bell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • Sep 6th John Richardson Liddell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 6th Karol Katski, composer
  • Sep 7th Howell Cobb II, Major General/Secy of Treas (Union), (d. 1868)
  • Sep 7th John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (d. 1866)
  • Sep 8th Alexander Ramsey, Gov (Union), (d. 1903)
  • Sep 10th Eleazer Arthur Paine, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 18th Henry Constantine Wayne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 29th Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver
  • Oct 11th Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people
  • Oct 12th William Joseph Hardee, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1873)
  • Oct 13th Jules Quicherat, French historian/archaeologist
  • Oct 16th Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • Oct 17th Emanuel Geibel, writer
  • Oct 23rd João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (d. 1889)
  • Oct 24th John Edwards, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • Oct 25th Ernesto Camillo Sivori, composer
  • Oct 25th Philipp Fahrbach, composer
  • Oct 29th Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
  • Oct 29th Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • Oct 31st Karl Weierstrass, Germany, mathematician (theory of functions)
  • Nov 1st Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
  • Nov 1st Douglas Hancock Cooper, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Nov 2nd George Boole, mathematician (Boolean algebra)
  • Nov 3rd Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu, composer
  • Nov 3rd John Mitchel, Irish nationalist (Jail Journal), born in Camnish, County Londonderry (d. 1875)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 12th Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Johnstown NY, women's rights activist

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Nov 15th John Banvard, painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 23rd William Dennison, postmaster/general (Union), (d. 1882)
  • Nov 24th James Trapier, N Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • Nov 24th Grace Darling, English heroine (d. 1842)
  • Nov 29th Stephen Augustus Hurlbut, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • Dec 8th Adolph Menzel, German painter and graphic artist (d. 1905)

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 2nd Leading Romantic Age poet Lord Byron (27) marries Anne Isabella Milbanke (22)by special licence, at Seaham Hall in County Durham.

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8th Edward Pakenham, Engl general (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle
  • Jan 15th Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson (b. 1761
  • Jan 21st M Claudius, writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 31st José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
  • Feb 4th Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation proponent, dies at 77
  • Feb 4th Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 58
  • Feb 17th Franz Gotz, Bohemian composer, dies at 59
  • Feb 19th Leonhard von Call, composer, dies at 47

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 24th Robert Fulton, steamboat pioneer, dies at 49

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • Feb 26th Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
  • Mar 5th Franz Mesmer, Austrian developer of hypnotism (b. 1734)
  • Apr 21st Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • May 21st Roman Hoffstetter, composer, dies at 73
  • May 29th Cornelis de Gijselaar, politician/patriot, dies at 64
  • Jun 1st Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • Jun 6th Samuel Whitbread, English Politician
  • Jun 16th Frederik Willem, duke of Brunswick (1813-15), dies in battle
  • Jun 17th Hammida, Algerian admiral, dies in battle
  • Jun 18th Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • Jun 18th Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • Aug 2nd Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (b. 1763)
  • Aug 6th James A. Bayard (elder), United States Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
  • Aug 18th Chauncey Goodrich, American politician (b. 1759)
  • Sep 9th John Singleton Copley, British painter, dies at 77
  • Sep 12th Jose Mauricio, composer, dies at 63
  • Sep 24th John Sevier, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn), dies at 70
  • Sep 28th Nicolas Desmarest, French geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • Oct 13th Joachim Murat, marshal of France/King of Naples (1808-15), executed
  • Oct 31st Daniel Belknap, composer, dies at 44
  • Nov 15th Johann Lukas Schubaur, composer, dies at 65
  • Nov 25th Johann Peter Saloman, composer, dies at 70
  • Nov 28th Johann Peter Salomon, composer, dies at 70
  • Dec 3rd John Carroll (priest), first Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S. (b. 1735)
  • Dec 7th Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • Dec 19th Michel Woldemar, composer, dies at 65
  • Dec 19th Robert Hudson, composer, dies at 83
  • Dec 20th Giovanni Meli, Sicilian poet (Buccolica), dies at 75
  • Dec 22nd Jose Maria Morelos, Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards
  • Dec 29th Saartjie Baartman, Hottentot Venus, dies in Paris