What Happened in July 1816

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of GĂ©ricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • Jul 3 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • Jul 8 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • Jul 9 Argentina declares independence from Spain
  • Jul 19 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • Jul 27 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 4 Hiram Walker, American grocer and distiller (d. 1899)
  • Jul 7 Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard, American General (Union Army), born in Natick, Massachusetts on (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 French A Durlet, Belgian sculptor/architect
  • Jul 13 Gustav Freytag, writer
  • Jul 14 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • Jul 20 William Bowman, English anatomist, born in Nantwich, Cheshire (d. 1892)
  • Jul 21 Paul Julius Baron von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news service, born in Kassel (d. 1899)
  • Jul 23 Charlotte Saunders Cushman, American actress (Lady MacBeth), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • Jul 25 Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition)
  • Jul 31 George Henry Thomas, American Major General (Union Army), born in Newsoms, Virginia (d. 1870)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Dorothy Jordan, Irish-English actress, courtesan, mistress of future King William IV of the United Kingdom, dies at 65
  • Jul 6 Philipp Meissner, composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 7 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
  • Jul 14 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • Jul 20 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (b. 1743)
  • Jul 23 Elizabeth Hamilton, author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68