What Happened in 1822

Historical Events

  • Jan 5th Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • Jan 7th 1st printing in Hawaii
  • Jan 7th Liberia colonized by Americans
  • Jan 13th The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • Jan 14th Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
  • Jan 15th Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • Feb 4th Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • Feb 9th American Indian Society organizes
  • Feb 9th Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.
  • Feb 23rd Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city
  • Mar 9th Charles Graham of NY granted first US patent for artificial teeth
  • Mar 19th Boston, Mass, incorporated as a city
  • Mar 22nd NY Horticultural Society founded
  • Mar 30th Congress combined East & West Florida into Florida Territory
  • Mar 31st The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
  • May 1st John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston
  • May 3rd Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded (Lyon, France)
  • May 16th Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.
  • May 24th Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain
  • May 30th House slave betrays Denmark Vesey conspiracy (37 blacks hanged)
  • Jun 9th Charles Graham patents false teeth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14th Charles Babbage proposes a "difference engine" in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables"

Inventor Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
  • Jun 16th Denmark Vessy leads slave rebellion in South Carolina
  • Jun 18th Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • Jun 18th Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey & Peter Poyas arrested in SC
  • Jul 8th Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
  • Jul 14th Slave revolt in South Carolina under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25th General Agustin de Iturbide crowned Agustin I, 1st Emperor of Mexico

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26th Secret meeting of Simon Bolivar & Jose de San Martin

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Jul 30th James Varick becomes 1st bishop of Afr Meth Episcopal Zion Church
  • Aug 10th Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die
  • Sep 7th Pedro I, son of King Joao VI declares Brazil's independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • Sep 27th French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone
  • Oct 8th First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
  • Oct 12th Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
  • Oct 19th In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí
  • Oct 20th 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • Oct 26th King Willem I requires inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
  • Dec 1st Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1st Franz Liszt's (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt
  • Dec 2nd In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US
  • Dec 6th Veterinary school in Utrecht opens
  • Dec 12th Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 117

  • Jan 2nd Rudolph J E Clausius, Germany, physicist (thermodynamics)
  • Jan 4th Joseph Jones Reynolds, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • Jan 5th Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • Jan 6th Heinrich Schliemann, German polyglot/archaeologist (rediscovered Troy)
  • Jan 7th Lucius C M Bakker, Frisian physician/author (Goethe)
  • Jan 7th Theodor Aufrecht, German indologist (Rigveda's Hymns)
  • Jan 8th Alfredo Carlo Piatti, composer
  • Jan 9th John Porter Hatch, volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), (d. 1901)
  • Jan 12th Étienne Lenoir, French engineer (d. 1900)
  • Jan 14th Nicholas Mori, composer
  • Jan 27th Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28th Alexander Mackenzie, Logierait Scotland, (L) 2nd PM of Canada (1873-78)

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
  • Jan 30th John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Jan 30th Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
  • Feb 7th Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide, composer
  • Feb 8th Maxime Du Camp, France, writer/traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • Feb 9th Charles T Stork, Dutch industrialist
  • Feb 13th Lev A Mej, Russian nobleman/poet
  • Feb 15th Theodor Uhlig, composer
  • Feb 16th Francis Galton, anthropologist & geneticist, born in Birmingham, England
  • Feb 16th James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • Feb 22nd Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • Feb 27th Eugene Gautier, composer
  • Feb 28th Matthew Duncan Ector, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Mar 1st Albin Francisco Schoepf, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Mar 1st Charles Champion Gilbert, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 4th Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • Mar 7th Victor Masse, composer
  • Mar 8th Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • Mar 10th Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter/lithographer
  • Mar 11th Allison Nelson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Mar 13th Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet
  • Mar 14th Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889)
  • Mar 16th John Pope, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Mar 16th Rosa Bonheur, French landscape painter (Buffalo Bill)
  • Mar 22nd Ahmed Djevdet Pasha, Turkish minister of Education/Justice
  • Mar 22nd Isaac D Fransen van de Putte, Dutch premier (1866)
  • Mar 22nd Seth Williams, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1866)
  • Mar 29th Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter
  • Mar 31st Rafael Hernando, composer
  • Apr 3rd Edward Everett Hale, US, clergyman/author (Man without a Country)
  • Apr 5th James Nagle, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • Apr 7th Gershom Mott, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Apr 13th Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 13th William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Apr 15th Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Apr 24th Erastus Barnard Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26th Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • Apr 26th Jan Albert van Eyken, composer/organist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 27th Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US president (1869-77) and Union general, born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 4th Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Quebec politician (d. 1915)
  • May 10th August Ritter von Pettenkofen, painter
  • May 13th Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
  • May 16th Eduard Hille, Dutch composer/conductor
  • May 20th Emile Erckmann, [E-Chatrian], French writer (Waterloo)
  • May 20th Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901)
  • May 21st Dabney Herndon Maury, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • May 21st Mosby Monroe Parsons, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1865)
  • May 26th Edmond de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Jules de Goncourt, born in Nancy (d. 1896)
  • May 27th Henry Wylde, English composer and conductor, born in Bushey, Hertfordshire (d. 1890)
  • May 27th Josef Joachim Raff, composer
  • Jun 11th Samuel Davis Sturgis, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1889)
  • Jun 13th Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • Jun 18th Henry David Leslie, composer
  • Jun 23rd Young Marshall Moody, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Jun 24th Birkett Davenport Fry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • Jul 2nd Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains)
  • Jul 16th Luigi Arditi, violinist/composer
  • Jul 19th Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 20th Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), born in Heinzendorf, Austria (d. 1884)

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel
  • Jul 21st Ludwig Theodore Gouvy, composer
  • Jul 22nd Hamilton Prioleau Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1897)
  • Jul 22nd John George Walker, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • Jul 23rd Darius Nash Couch, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Jul 25th Schuyler Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • Aug 5th Johann Georg Herzog, composer
  • Aug 15th Wilhelm Rust, composer
  • Aug 22nd George Stoneman, US Union general-major/(Gov-California, 1883-87)
  • Aug 22nd Virginia Clemm Poe, wife of Edgar Allan Poe (d. 1847)
  • Aug 31st Fitz John Porter, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • Sep 9th Napoleon J K P Bonaparte, French prince/member National Convention
  • Sep 16th Charles S Crocker, President of Central & South Pacific Railroad
  • Sep 19th Joseph Rodman West, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 22nd Brig Gen Eppa Hunton, fought in most ANV campaigns
  • Sep 25th Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich von Steinwehr, Brig Gen (Union vol)
  • Oct 2nd Joannes Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch Internal minister (1877-79)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 4th Rutherford B. Hayes, politician (R) 19th US President (1877-81), born in Delaware Ohio (d. 1893)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Oct 5th Hans Hampel, Czech composer, born in Prague (d. 1884)
  • Oct 9th George Sykes, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1880)
  • Oct 12th Joseph Haydn Potter, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Oct 13th Karl Reinthaler, composer
  • Oct 15th Alfred Meissner, Austrian physician/writer
  • Oct 20th Mansfield Lovell, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • Oct 21st Levinus Keuchenius, Dutch minister of Colonies (1888-90)
  • Oct 29th Joost G Kist, Dutch lawyer/president of High Council (1885-97)
  • Oct 29th Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • Nov 2nd James Byron Gordon, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Nov 6th Gordon Granger, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1876)
  • Nov 7th Edouard Gregoir, Belgian composer
  • Nov 14th William Harrow, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1872)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 16th Opera Composer (The Barber of Seville) Gioacchino Rossini marries 1st wife Opera Singer Isabella Colbran in Bologna
  • Jun 29th Nephew of Napoleon, biologist and ornithologist Prince Charles Bonaparte marries cousin Zenaide Bonaparte

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 12th "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" author Victor Hugo (20) weds Adele Fourcher

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 14th Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • Feb 2nd Jean-Baptiste Davaux, composer, dies at 79
  • Feb 5th Ali Pasha of Janina, (Napoleon, Lord Byron), dies at about 77
  • Feb 10th Albert-Kasimir, duke of Saxon-Teschen/governor of Hungary, dies at 83
  • Feb 19th Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, composer, dies at 78
  • Feb 22nd Johann Ignaz Walter, composer, dies at 66
  • Mar 2nd Friedrich Christian Hermann Uber, composer, dies at 40
  • Mar 3rd Franz Adam Veichtner, composer, dies at 81
  • Apr 3rd Friedrich Bertuch, writer, dies
  • Apr 6th Franz Xaver Partsch, composer, dies at 62
  • Apr 13th Gaetano Valeri, composer, dies at 61
  • May 9th Charles Duquesnoy, composer, dies at 62
  • May 15th Christian Ludwig Dieter, composer, dies at 64
  • May 17th Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, French-Russian statesman (b. 1766)
  • Jun 19th John Bray, English-born American composer (The Indian Princess), dies on his 40th birthday
  • Jun 25th Ernst T Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer/judge/composer, dies at 46
  • Jul 2nd Denmark Vesey, & 5 aides hanged at Blake's Landing, Charleston, SC
  • Jul 8th Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
  • Jul 27th Joseph Supries, composer, dies at 60
  • Aug 12th Robert Stewart, 2nd marguess of Londonderry, commits suicide, dies
  • Aug 19th Melchor Lopez Jimenez, composer, dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19th Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer, dies at 72

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 22nd William Herschel, German/British astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 83

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • Sep 11th Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
  • Oct 13th Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, dies at 64
  • Oct 16th Eva Marie Veigel, Austrian ballet dancer (b. 1724)
  • Oct 27th Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke, composer, dies at 55
  • Oct 29th Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch earl/general/minister of War, dies at 61
  • Nov 6th Hendrik van Stralen, Secretary of Interior, dies at 71
  • Nov 6th Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • Nov 18th Anton Teyber, composer, dies at 66
  • Nov 18th George Knowil Jackson, composer, dies at 65
  • Nov 19th Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • Nov 24th Karl Jacob Wagner, composer, dies at 50
  • Nov 26th Johann Baptist Henneberg, composer, dies at 53
  • Dec 15th Ferenc Verseghy, composer, dies at 65
  • Dec 29th Albert Christoph Dies, composer, dies at 67