What Happened in 1830

Historical Events

  • Jan 7th 1st US Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)
  • Jan 13th Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • Jan 21st Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
  • Jan 28th Opera "Fra Diavolo" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 3rd The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25th Victor Hugo's "Hernani" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • Mar 4th Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" premieres in Venice
  • Mar 10th The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
  • Mar 16th London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • Mar 16th New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
  • Mar 26th The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6th Joseph Smith & 5 others organize Mormon church in Seneca Co, NY

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Apr 11th Robert Schumann hears the violinist Paganini play in Frankfurt
  • May 3rd 1st regular steam train passenger service starts
  • May 13th Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president
  • May 18th Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever
  • May 20th 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
  • May 20th D Hyde patents fountain pen
  • May 24th "Mary Had A Little Lamb" by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm Marsh, Capen & Lyon
  • May 24th 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • May 28th US Congress authorizes native Indian to be removed from all states to the western prairie
  • Jun 12th Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • Jul 5th France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • Jul 15th Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, sign fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri
  • Jul 27th Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • Aug 2nd Charles X of France abdicates in favour of his grandson the Duc de Bordeaux
  • Aug 4th Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • Aug 9th Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • Aug 25th Belgium revolts against Netherlands and begins the Belgian Revolution
  • Aug 28th 1st locomotive in US, "Tom Thumb", runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill
  • Sep 9th Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ
  • Sep 15th First National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • Sep 15th First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson, England)
  • Sep 15th Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • Sep 16th Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides"
  • Sep 20th 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods
  • Sep 23rd Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • Sep 27th Dutch army leaves Brussels, after hundreds killed
  • Oct 1st General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • Oct 4th Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • Oct 5th King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army
  • Oct 26th Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp
  • Oct 27th Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)
  • Nov 22nd Charles Grey, (2nd Earl Grey), became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • Nov 29th November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.
  • Dec 5th Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 20th Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • Dec 25th Hector Berlioz's "Symphony Fantastic" premieres
  • Dec 26th Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Anna Bolena" premieres in Milan

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • Jan 2nd Henry Kingsley, English Australian writer, born in Northamptonshire (d. 1876)
  • Jan 3rd Alexander Ewing, composer
  • Jan 7th (Samuel) Emerson Opdycke, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jan 7th Albert Bierstadt, Germany, painter (US landscapes)
  • Jan 8th Gouverneur Kemble Warren, Major Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • Jan 8th Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
  • Jan 19th George Blake Cosby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • Jan 23rd Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet, French general/min of War (1899-1900)
  • Jan 27th Georg Hellmesberger, composer
  • Jan 27th William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jan 30th James G Blaine, US, minister of foreign affairs
  • Jan 31st James G Blaine, the "Plumed Knight"
  • Feb 3rd Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902)
  • Feb 6th Marcellus Monroe Crocker, Brig gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1865))
  • Feb 9th Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • Feb 11th Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, composer
  • Feb 11th Peter Arnold Heise, composer
  • Mar 8th João de Deus, Portuguese poet (d. 1896)
  • Mar 12th William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • Mar 15th Paul von Heyse, Germany, writer (Nobel 1910)
  • Mar 15th Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • Mar 18th Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist
  • Mar 20th Eugene Asa Carr, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1910)
  • Mar 24th Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
  • Mar 25th Julius Caesar, cricketer (prominent batsman for Surrey)
  • Mar 26th Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar/poet/writer
  • Mar 26th John Rogers Thomas, composer
  • Mar 30th Auguste Tolbecque, composer
  • Mar 30th Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • Apr 5th Alexander Muir, Lesmahagow Scotland, poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • Apr 6th James Augustine Healy, Macon Ga, 1st African American Roman Catholic bishop
  • Apr 9th Eadweard Muybridge, England, pioneered study of motion, photography
  • Apr 13th Eduard Lassen, composer
  • Apr 19th Rudolf Cornely, German bible expert/jesuit
  • Apr 29th Adolph Sutro, SF mayor, built Cliff House, railways, tunnels
  • Apr 30th Davis Tillson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • May 1st Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, US reformer and labor organizer
  • May 5th John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)
  • May 6th Guido Gezelle, Flemish priest/poet
  • May 10th Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • May 11th John Converse Starkweather, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • May 13th Zebulon Baird Vance, Governor (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • May 14th George Pierce Doles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • May 15th Laurence Simmons Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • May 15th Martinus W van der Aa, author/Dutch head-editor (The Time)
  • May 18th Karl Goldmark, Keszthely Hungary, composer (Sakuhtala)
  • May 20th Amalia MdGA, princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach/wife of prince Henry
  • May 20th Hector H Malot, French writer (Without Family)
  • May 24th Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (d. 1897)
  • May 25th Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International)
  • May 28th George Lucas Hartsuff, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • May 28th Carl Filtsch, Transylvanian Saxon composer and pianist
  • May 30th Edward Winslow Hinks, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jun 2nd Olivier Metra, composer
  • Jun 17th Rochard Montgomery Gano, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1913)
  • Jun 22nd Theodor Leschetizky, composer
  • Jul 2nd John Bordenave Villepigue, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jul 8th Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • Jul 8th Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10th Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean/French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

  • Jul 14th Richard Henry Jackson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jul 17th Eelco Refer, linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • Jul 22nd Herbert Stanley Oakeley, composer
  • Jul 22nd William Sooy Smith, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1916)
  • Jul 29th Alvan Cullem Gillem, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • Jul 31st Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky, composer
  • Aug 18th Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (d. 1916)
  • Aug 19th Julius Lothar Meyer, Varel Oldenburg, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev
  • Sep 2nd William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 8th Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • Sep 12th William Sprague, governor of Rhode Island (1859-63)
  • Sep 13th Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (d. 1916)
  • Sep 15th Jose de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico (1877-1911)
  • Sep 25th Karl Klindworth, pianist/conductor
  • Sep 27th William Babcock Hazen, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Sep 29th John Parker Hawkins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1914)
  • Oct 1st Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • Oct 9th Harriet Hosmer, sculptor
  • Oct 10th Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68)
  • Oct 16th Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliography
  • Oct 24th Belva Bennett Lockwood, attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
  • Oct 26th Polibo Fumagalli, composer
  • Oct 26th Stephen Elliott Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Oct 30th John Stevens Bowen, Major General (Confederate Army) (d. 1863)
  • Nov 3rd Esten Cooke, John (Confederate Army), (d. 1886)
  • Nov 3rd Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist
  • Nov 8th Oliver Otis Howard, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1909)
  • Nov 10th Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Nov 20th Patrick Henry Jones, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • Nov 23rd Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor
  • Nov 27th Harrison Millard, composer
  • Dec 5th Christina Rossetti, poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), born in London, England
  • Dec 7th Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician/minister of Education

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 10th Emily Dickinson, Amherst Mass, poet (Collected Poems), (d. 1886)

  • Dec 12th Joseph Orville Shelby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Dec 14th Allen Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • Dec 15th Francesco D'Arcais, composer
  • Dec 16th John Frederick Hartranft, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • Dec 17th Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • Dec 22nd Justin M'Carthy, Ireland, Irish politician/novelist (Miss Misanthrope)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 8th Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin (24) weds Josèphe Cecile

  • Sep 14th Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 7th Infanta Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain and wife of John VI of Portugal, dies at 53
  • Jan 7th Thomas Lawrence, English painter (b. 1769)
  • Jan 14th Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • Jan 17th W Waiblinger, writer, dies
  • Jan 19th Wenzel Thomas Matiegka, composer, dies at 56
  • Jan 20th Michal Bogdanowicz, composer, dies at 50
  • Feb 7th Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal, Portuguese composer, dies at 67
  • Feb 18th Charles G G, Earl of Merode, mayor (Brussels), dies at 67
  • Mar 2nd Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • Mar 17th Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • Apr 1st Carl Borromaus Neuner, composer, dies at 51
  • Apr 18th Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia, composer, dies at 62
  • Apr 22nd Knud L Rahbek, Danish literary/historian, dies at 69
  • May 16th Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies
  • Jun 1st Sahajanand Swami, believed to be an incarnation of god by his followers, leaves his mortal body. (b. 1781)
  • Jun 4th Antonio José de Sucre, Great Marshall of Ayacucho (b. 1795)
  • Jun 25th Ephraim McDowell, American Physician (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • Jun 28th David Walker, abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 44
  • Jul 14th Anthony FRE Haersolte, member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • Aug 5th Karl Friedrich Horn, composer, dies at 68
  • Aug 12th Franz de Paula Roser, composer, dies at 50
  • Aug 27th Louis H J Condé, French prince, commits suicide at 74
  • Sep 15th William Huskisson, first rail fatality (b. 1770)
  • Sep 18th William Hazlitt, critic/essayist, dies
  • Sep 19th Stanislas Champein, composer, dies at 76
  • Oct 4th Hans DL earl Yorck von Wartenburg, gov-gen of E-Prussia, dies at 71
  • Oct 18th Peter I Petrovic Njegos, bishop (Montenegro), dies
  • Nov 4th Frederic LG de Merode, Belgian revolutionary, dies in battle at 37
  • Nov 8th King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
  • Nov 25th Pierre Rode, French composer, dies at 56
  • Nov 30th Pius VIII, [Francesco S Castiglioni], Italian Pope (1829-30), dies at 69
  • Dec 8th H Benjamin Constant, French politician/writer, dies at 63
  • Dec 9th Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 17th Simón Bolívar, South American revolutionary and president (Colombia), dies at 47 in Santa Marta, Colombia

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
  • Dec 28th Adrien-Joseph van Helmont, composer, dies at 83