What Happened in 1830

Historical Events

  • Jan 7 1st US Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)
  • Jan 13 Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • Jan 21 Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
  • Jan 28 Opera "Fra Diavolo" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 3 The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25 Victor Hugo's "Hernani" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo
  • Mar 4 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" premieres in Venice
  • Mar 10 The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
  • Mar 16 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • Mar 16 New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
  • Mar 26 The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 Joseph Smith & 5 others organize Mormon church in Seneca Co, NY

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Apr 11 Robert Schumann hears the violinist Paganini play in Frankfurt
  • May 3 1st regular steam train passenger service starts
  • May 13 Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president
  • May 18 Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever
  • May 20 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
  • May 20 D Hyde patents fountain pen
  • May 24 "Mary Had A Little Lamb" by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm Marsh, Capen & Lyon
  • May 24 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • May 28 US Congress authorizes native Indian to be removed from all states to the western prairie
  • Jun 12 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • Jul 5 France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • Jul 15 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, sign fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri
  • Jul 27 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • Aug 2 Charles X of France abdicates in favour of his grandson the Duc de Bordeaux
  • Aug 4 Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • Aug 9 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • Aug 25 Belgium revolts against Netherlands and begins the Belgian Revolution
  • Aug 28 1st locomotive in US, "Tom Thumb", runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill
  • Sep 9 Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ
  • Sep 15 First National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • Sep 15 First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson, England)
  • Sep 15 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • Sep 16 Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides"
  • Sep 20 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods
  • Sep 23 Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • Sep 27 Dutch army leaves Brussels, after hundreds killed
  • Oct 1 General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • Oct 4 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • Oct 5 King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army
  • Oct 26 Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp
  • Oct 27 Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 22 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • Nov 29 November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.
  • Dec 5 Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 20 Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • Dec 25 Hector Berlioz's "Symphony Fantastic" premieres
  • Dec 26 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Anna Bolena" premieres in Milan

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • Jan 2 Henry Kingsley, English Australian writer, born in Northamptonshire (d. 1876)
  • Jan 3 Alexander Ewing, composer
  • Jan 7 (Samuel) Emerson Opdycke, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jan 7 Albert Bierstadt, Germany, painter (US landscapes)
  • Jan 8 Gouverneur Kemble Warren, Major Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • Jan 8 Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
  • Jan 19 George Blake Cosby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • Jan 23 Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet, French general/min of War (1899-1900)
  • Jan 27 Georg Hellmesberger, composer
  • Jan 27 William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jan 30 James G Blaine, US, minister of foreign affairs
  • Jan 31 James G Blaine, the "Plumed Knight"

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 3 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), born in Hatfield, England (d. 1903)

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Feb 6 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, Brig gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1865))
  • Feb 9 Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • Feb 11 Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, composer
  • Feb 11 Peter Arnold Heise, composer
  • Mar 8 João de Deus, Portuguese poet (d. 1896)
  • Mar 12 William Felix Brantley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • Mar 15 Paul von Heyse, Germany, writer (Nobel 1910)
  • Mar 15 Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • Mar 18 Numa D Fustel de Coulanges, French historian/sociologist
  • Mar 20 Eugene Asa Carr, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1910)
  • Mar 24 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
  • Mar 25 Julius Caesar, cricketer (prominent batsman for Surrey)
  • Mar 26 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar/poet/writer
  • Mar 26 John Rogers Thomas, composer
  • Mar 30 Auguste Tolbecque, composer
  • Mar 30 Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • Apr 5 Alexander Muir, Lesmahagow Scotland, poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • Apr 6 James Augustine Healy, Macon Ga, 1st African American Roman Catholic bishop
  • Apr 9 Eadweard Muybridge, England, pioneered study of motion, photography
  • Apr 13 Eduard Lassen, composer
  • Apr 19 Rudolf Cornely, German bible expert/jesuit
  • Apr 29 Adolph Sutro, SF mayor, built Cliff House, railways, tunnels
  • Apr 30 Davis Tillson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • May 1 Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, US reformer and labor organizer
  • May 5 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)
  • May 6 Guido Gezelle, Flemish priest/poet
  • May 10 Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • May 11 John Converse Starkweather, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • May 13 Zebulon Baird Vance, Governor (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • May 14 George Pierce Doles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • May 15 Laurence Simmons Baker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • May 15 Martinus W van der Aa, author/Dutch head-editor (The Time)
  • May 18 Karl Goldmark, Keszthely Hungary, composer (Sakuhtala)
  • May 20 Amalia MdGA, princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach/wife of prince Henry
  • May 20 Hector H Malot, French writer (Without Family)
  • May 24 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (d. 1897)
  • May 25 Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International)
  • May 28 George Lucas Hartsuff, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • May 28 Carl Filtsch, Transylvanian Saxon composer and pianist
  • May 30 Edward Winslow Hinks, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jun 2 Olivier Metra, composer
  • Jun 17 Rochard Montgomery Gano, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1913)
  • Jun 22 Theodor Leschetizky, composer
  • Jul 2 John Bordenave Villepigue, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jul 8 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • Jul 8 Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10 Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean/French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

  • Jul 14 Richard Henry Jackson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jul 17 Eelco Refer, linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • Jul 22 Herbert Stanley Oakeley, composer
  • Jul 22 William Sooy Smith, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1916)
  • Jul 29 Alvan Cullem Gillem, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • Jul 31 Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky, composer
  • Aug 18 Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (d. 1916)
  • Aug 19 Julius Lothar Meyer, Varel Oldenburg, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev
  • Sep 2 William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 8 Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • Sep 12 William Sprague, governor of Rhode Island (1859-63)
  • Sep 13 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (d. 1916)
  • Sep 15 Jose de la Cruz Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico (1877-1911)
  • Sep 25 Karl Klindworth, pianist/conductor
  • Sep 27 William Babcock Hazen, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Sep 29 John Parker Hawkins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1914)
  • Oct 1 Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • Oct 9 Harriet Hosmer, sculptor
  • Oct 10 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68)
  • Oct 16 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliography
  • Oct 24 Belva Bennett Lockwood, attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court)
  • Oct 26 Polibo Fumagalli, composer
  • Oct 26 Stephen Elliott Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Oct 30 John Stevens Bowen, Major General (Confederate Army) (d. 1863)
  • Nov 3 Esten Cooke, John (Confederate Army), (d. 1886)
  • Nov 3 Jacob M van Bemmelen, Dutch physicist/chemist
  • Nov 8 Oliver Otis Howard, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1909)
  • Nov 10 Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Nov 20 Patrick Henry Jones, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • Nov 23 Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor
  • Nov 27 Harrison Millard, composer
  • Dec 5 Christina Rossetti, poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), born in London, England
  • Dec 7 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician/minister of Education

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 10 Emily Dickinson, Amherst Mass, poet (Collected Poems), (d. 1886)

  • Dec 12 Joseph Orville Shelby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Dec 14 Allen Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • Dec 15 Francesco D'Arcais, composer
  • Dec 16 John Frederick Hartranft, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • Dec 17 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • Dec 22 Justin M'Carthy, Ireland, Irish politician/novelist (Miss Misanthrope)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 8 Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin (24) weds Josèphe Cecile

  • Sep 14 Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 7 Infanta Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain and wife of John VI of Portugal, dies at 53
  • Jan 7 Thomas Lawrence, English painter (b. 1769)
  • Jan 14 Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • Jan 17 W Waiblinger, writer, dies
  • Jan 19 Wenzel Thomas Matiegka, composer, dies at 56
  • Jan 20 Michal Bogdanowicz, composer, dies at 50
  • Feb 7 Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal, Portuguese composer, dies at 67
  • Feb 18 Charles G G, Earl of Merode, mayor (Brussels), dies at 67
  • Mar 2 Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • Mar 17 Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • Apr 1 Carl Borromaus Neuner, composer, dies at 51
  • Apr 18 Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia, composer, dies at 62
  • Apr 22 Knud L Rahbek, Danish literary/historian, dies at 69
  • May 16 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies
  • Jun 1 Sahajanand Swami, believed to be an incarnation of god by his followers, leaves his mortal body. (b. 1781)
  • Jun 4 Antonio José de Sucre, Great Marshall of Ayacucho (b. 1795)
  • Jun 25 Ephraim McDowell, American Physician (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • Jun 28 David Walker, abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 44
  • Jul 14 Anthony FRE Haersolte, member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • Aug 5 Karl Friedrich Horn, composer, dies at 68
  • Aug 12 Franz de Paula Roser, composer, dies at 50
  • Aug 27 Louis H J Condé, French prince, commits suicide at 74
  • Sep 15 William Huskisson, first rail fatality (b. 1770)
  • Sep 18 William Hazlitt, critic/essayist, dies
  • Sep 19 Stanislas Champein, composer, dies at 76
  • Oct 4 Hans DL earl Yorck von Wartenburg, gov-gen of E-Prussia, dies at 71
  • Oct 18 Peter I Petrovic Njegos, bishop (Montenegro), dies
  • Nov 4 Frederic LG de Merode, Belgian revolutionary, dies in battle at 37
  • Nov 8 King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
  • Nov 25 Pierre Rode, French composer, dies at 56
  • Nov 30 Pius VIII, [Francesco S Castiglioni], Italian Pope (1829-30), dies at 69
  • Dec 8 H Benjamin Constant, French politician/writer, dies at 63
  • Dec 9 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 17 Simón Bolívar, South American revolutionary and president (Colombia), dies at 47 in Santa Marta, Colombia

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
  • Dec 28 Adrien-Joseph van Helmont, composer, dies at 83