What Happened in 1834

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 German Tolunie goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Jan 5 Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • Jan 29 President Jackson orders first use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute
  • Feb 3 Wake Forest University is established.
  • Feb 18 1st US labor newspaper, "The Man", published, NYC
  • Feb 26 1st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
  • Mar 6 Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor
  • Mar 9 French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • Mar 16 HMS Beagle anchors at Berkeley Sound, Falkland Islands
  • Mar 18 1st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)
  • Mar 18 Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
  • Mar 28 Senate censure President Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US
  • Apr 3 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • Apr 13 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • Apr 18 Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
  • Apr 29 Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia
  • May 1 Belgian parliament accepts railway laws
  • May 4 Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean
  • May 5 Charles Darwin's expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz
  • May 8 Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the Beagle
  • May 8 Prussia, Austria & Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • May 26 Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates
  • Jun 1 HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • Jun 2 5th national black convention meets (NYC)
  • Jun 8 HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
  • Jun 10 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails Pacific Ocean
  • Jun 14 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • Jun 14 Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont
  • Jun 15 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 American inventor and businessman Cyrus Hall McCormick patents the reaping machine

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick
  • Jun 25 Pope Gregory XVI's encyclical "Singulari nos" published
  • Jun 30 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • Jul 5 Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • Jul 23 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
  • Aug 1 Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect
  • Aug 16 Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile
  • Aug 17 Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana Chile during his Voyage on the Beagle
  • Sep 14 Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
  • Sep 27 Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso
  • Oct 4 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 14 First black to obtain a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • Oct 14 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • Oct 16 Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down.
  • Oct 28 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • Nov 1 First published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
  • Nov 10 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails from Valparaiso
  • Nov 14 William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 yrs 4 months
  • Nov 21 HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • Nov 23 Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" premieres
  • Nov 25 Delmonico's, one of NY's finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents
  • Dec 3 First US dental society organized (NY)
  • Dec 23 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • Dec 25 Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on the Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • Jan 5 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition (d. 1861)
  • Jan 7 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
  • Jan 10 John Acton, English historian/MP
  • Jan 14 William Cleaver Francis Robinson, composer
  • Jan 16 Albert Lindley Lee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1907)
  • Jan 17 Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman, Dutch actress/daughter of Mimi Bia
  • Jan 17 August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
  • Jan 20 George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 25 Pablo Hernandez Salces, composer
  • Jan 27 Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)
  • Jan 27 Robert Sanford Foster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jan 30 Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician
  • Feb 6 William Dorsey Pender, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Feb 6 Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (d. 1889)
  • Feb 6 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • Feb 7 Dmitri I Mendelejev, Russian chemist (Periodic Table)
  • Feb 9 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • Feb 9 Franz Xaver Witt, composer
  • Feb 15 William Preece, English electrical engineer/wireless pioneer
  • Feb 16 Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, Potsdam Germ, biologist (Causes of Evolution)
  • Feb 22 Albert Heinrich Zabel, composer
  • Feb 23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • Feb 26 Aleksander Zarzycki, composer
  • Mar 4 Peter Nicolai von Wilm, composer
  • Mar 6 George du Maurier British illustrator and writer (d. 1896)
  • Mar 16 James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)
  • Mar 17 Gottlieb Daimler, Germany, engineer/inventor/designed 1st motorcycle
  • Mar 20 Charles William Elliot, President of Harvard (1869-1909), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 22 Francis Asbury Shoup, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Mar 23 Julius Reubke, composer
  • Mar 24 John Wesley Powell, US, geologist/explorer/ethnologist
  • Mar 24 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • Apr 1 Isidore Edouard Legouix, composer
  • Apr 1 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • Apr 21 William Rufus Terrill, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Apr 26 Artemus Ward, (Charles Farrar Browne), humorist
  • Apr 26 Horatio Richmond Palmer, American composer and choir director, born in Sherburne, New (d. 1907)
  • May 5 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)
  • May 23 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • Jun 8 George Garrett, composer
  • Jun 10 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (HP Foundation)
  • Jun 16 Wesley Merritt, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)
  • Jun 19 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (d. 1892)
  • Jul 1 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
  • Jul 2 Hendry P G Quack, lawyer/economist/secr Dutch Bank
  • Jul 10 James A McNeill Whistler, US/British painter (Whistler's Mother)
  • Jul 14 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, artist (Whistler's Mother)
  • Jul 16 Carlo Angeloni, composer
  • Jul 16 Peter Leyten, bishop of Breda (1885-1914)
  • Jul 19 Edgar Degas, France, impressionist painter, sculptor and artist
  • Jul 22 Daniel McCook Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Jul 23 James "Cardinal" Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore
  • Jul 31 Peter H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformer/founder (Free Parish)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 2 Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor and designer of the Statue of Liberty, born in Colmar, France (d. 1904)

  • Aug 2 Isaac Capadose, lawyer/evangelist
  • Aug 4 John Venn, English mathematician (d. 1923)
  • Aug 9 Elias Alvares Lobo, composer
  • Aug 17 Peter Benoit, Flemish composer/conductor (Leie/Rubens Cantata)
  • Aug 18 Marshall Field, Conway Massachusetts, owner (Field Dept Store)
  • Aug 22 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Aug 22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer (d. 1906)
  • Aug 31 Amilcare Ponchielli, Paderno Italy, composer (I Lituani)
  • Sep 9 Joseph H Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant)
  • Sep 9 William MacRae, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1882)
  • Sep 15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian/parliament member
  • Sep 17 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney/stage writer
  • Oct 1 Francis Marion Cockrell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1915)
  • Oct 3 Vilem Blodek, composer
  • Oct 8 Walter Kittredge, American musician (d. 1905)
  • Oct 10 Aleksis Kivi, [Stenvall], Finland, writer/poet (Nummisuutarit)
  • Oct 19 Francis Channing Barlow, US lawyer/gen-major/co-founder (ABA)
  • Oct 28 Dudley McIver DuBose, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • Nov 10 Jose Hernandez, Argentina poet (MartinFierro)
  • Nov 10 Wager Swayne, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1902)
  • Nov 13 Ignacio M Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco)
  • Nov 17 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • Nov 19 Georg H Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke)
  • Nov 20 Franjo Zaver Kuhac, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 21 henrietta (Hetty) Green, New Bedford, Massachusetts, financier (Witch of Wall Street), (d. 1916)

The Witch of Wall Street Hetty Green
The Witch of Wall Street
Hetty Green
  • Nov 21 Joseph Jackson Bartlett, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1893)
  • Nov 25 Jean-Baptist Colyns, composer
  • Nov 29 Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Dec 16 Leon Walras, French economist (border use theory)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 31 Religious leader Brigham Young (32) weds herbalist Mary Ann Angell (27)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 4 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 19 US President Franklin Pierce (30) weds Jane Pierce (28) in Amherst, New Hampshire

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 12 William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  • Jan 16 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  • Jan 17 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)
  • Feb 4 Amelie Julia Candielle, composer, dies at 66
  • Feb 6 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (b. 1804)
  • Feb 12 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65
  • Feb 16 Lionel Lukin, life boat pioneer, dies
  • Mar 12 Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
  • May 20 Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert de Motier, nobleman, dies
  • May 20 Marquis de Lafayette, French general, dies
  • May 23 Charles Wesley, composer, dies at 76
  • Jun 9 William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
  • Jun 10 Antonius van Gils, RC theologist (against Relief), dies at 75
  • Jun 28 Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • Jul 14 Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 25 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British poet, dies at 61

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Aug 1 Robert Morrison, missionary in China/translated bible, dies
  • Aug 5 Gijsbert K van Hogendorp, Dutch min of Foreign affairs, dies at 71
  • Aug 7 Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor (b. 1752)
  • Aug 8 Silvestro Palma, composer, dies at 80
  • Aug 14 Friedrich Christian Ruppe, composer and violinist, brother of Christian Friedrich Ruppe, dies at 63
  • Aug 17 Husein Gradaščević, Bosnian rebel leader (b. 1802)
  • Sep 2 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
  • Sep 16 Antoine-Vincent Arnault, French writer (Guillaume the Nassau), dies
  • Sep 24 A J Pedro I van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31), dies
  • Oct 8 Francois-Adrien Boieldieu, composer, dies at 58
  • Oct 10 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, dies from typhoid fever at 47
  • Oct 19 Cornelis Loots, accountant/poet (Volkswoede), dies at 69
  • Nov 5 Aernout Drost, Dutch literary/founder (The Guide), dies at 24
  • Dec 6 Jonas Daniel Meyer, Dutch lawyer, dies at 54
  • Dec 7 Ludwig Schuncke, composer, dies at 23
  • Dec 23 Reverend Thomas Malthus, British demographer and economist (b. 1766)
  • Dec 27 Charles Lamb, English essayist (b. 1775)