What Happened in 1841

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Historical Events

  • Jan 5 James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • Jan 20 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
  • Jan 26 Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • Jan 30 A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • Mar 3 3rd Grand National: Mr A. Powell aboard Charity wins
  • Mar 4 Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Longest US presidential inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Mar 5 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • Mar 9 US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free
  • Mar 22 Cornstarch patented (Orlando Jones)
  • Mar 27 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
  • Mar 31 1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 Vice President John Tyler becomes the 10th President of the United States after the death of President William Henry Harrison

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Apr 6 Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Illinois
  • Apr 10 New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
  • Apr 14 Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in the Rue Morgue" published
  • Apr 20 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published
  • Apr 26 "Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk
  • Apr 27 Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • May 1 First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California
  • May 3 New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales
  • May 11 Lt. Charles Wilkes lands at Fort Nisqually in Puget Sound.
  • Jun 14 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
  • Jun 24 Fordham University (then St John's College), opens in the Bronx
  • Jun 28 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • Jul 3 John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • Jul 5 Thomas Cook opens first travel agency
  • Jul 17 British humorous and satirycal magazine "Punch" first published; it finally closed in 2002
  • Aug 9 Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • Aug 21 John Hampton patents venetian blind
  • Sep 9 Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24 British adventurer James Brooke obtains lands around the Sarawak river from the Sultan of Brunei

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • Sep 30 Samuel Slocum patented the stapler
  • Oct 16 Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, is chartered
  • Nov 2 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan
  • Nov 4 First wagon train arrives in California
  • Nov 13 James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.
  • Nov 16 Life preservers made of cork are patented by Napoleon Guerin (NYC)
  • Nov 25 35 survivors of the mutiny on the slave ship Amistad return to Africa
  • Nov 26 1st date in James Clavell's novel Tai-Pan
  • Dec 6 Robert Schumann's 4th Symphony in D premieres
  • Dec 29 King/grand duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon
  • Dec 31 Alabama becomes 1st state to license dental surgeons

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 14 Berthe M P Morisot, French painter/aquarellist
  • Jan 15 Lord Frederick Stanley, presenter of hockey's Stanley Cup
  • Jan 18 Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier, France, composer (Le Roi Malgré Lui)
  • Jan 25 John Arbuthnot Fisher, Ceylon, 1st Baron Fisher/admiral of the fleet
  • Jan 27 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28 Henry Morton Stanley, Denbigh Wales, journalist and African explorer (found Livingstone in Africa) (d. 1904)

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Jan 28 Viktor Ernst Nessler, composer
  • Jan 30 Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, (d. 1914)
  • Jan 30 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
  • Feb 1 William H H Davenport, stage medium, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Feb 2 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
  • Feb 4 Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
  • Feb 10 Walter Parratt, composer
  • Feb 12 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
  • Feb 15 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • Feb 18 Samuel Prowse Warren, composer
  • Feb 19 Felipe Pedrell, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 25 Pierre Auguste Renoir, Limoges France, Impressionist painter/sculptor

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • Feb 26 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
  • Feb 27 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 28 Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • Mar 1 Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)
  • Mar 1 Romualdo Marenco, composer
  • Mar 3 John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
  • Mar 4 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • Mar 7 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina, poet (El nido de condores)
  • Mar 7 William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 8 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Apr 6 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • Apr 7 Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanicus
  • Apr 7 Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys, painter
  • Apr 13 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • Apr 15 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • Apr 25 Pauline Lucca, soprano
  • Apr 26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian
  • May 10 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
  • May 11 Ernst von Possart, German actor/stage manager/reciter
  • May 15 Giovanni Bolzoni, composer
  • May 20 Sara Louisa Oberholtz, social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • May 21 Joseph Parry, composer
  • May 22 Catulle Mendès, French poet (d. 1909)
  • May 24 Charles Napier Henry, painter
  • May 24 Tito Mattei, pianist/composer
  • May 28 Giovanni Sgambati, composer
  • May 29 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, (d. 1971)
  • Jun 3 Eduardo Caudella, composer
  • Jun 6 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d. 1910)
  • Jul 4 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist/archaeologicalist
  • Jul 4 Marie von Wied, Princess of Orange Nassau
  • Jul 5 William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
  • Jul 9 Carl Christian Lumbye, composer
  • Jul 11 Daniel de Lange, Dutch composer
  • Jul 11 William Paul Roberts, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Jul 13 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • Jul 23 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • Jul 24 Raimundo Madrazo y Garretta, painter
  • Jul 31 George Melville, polar explorer, naval engineer
  • Aug 13 Unaarrimin, cricketer (played cricket as Johnny Mullagh)
  • Aug 17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet
  • Aug 25 Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909)
  • Sep 3 Tom Emmett, England cricketer (d. 1904)
  • Sep 8 Antonín Dvořák, Nelahozeves Czech, composer (New World Symphony). Dies 1904

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 8 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • Sep 13 Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist/stage writer
  • Sep 26 Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, composer
  • Sep 28 Georges Clemenceau, France, PM (1906-09, 17-20, defended Dreyfuss)
  • Oct 1 Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, composer
  • Oct 4 Stephen Albert Emery, American composer and pianist, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • Oct 4 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • Oct 4 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1925)
  • Oct 7 Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • Oct 11 Freidrich Hegar, composer
  • Oct 16 Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai, Japanese Prime Minister and Resident-General of Korea (d. 1909)
  • Nov 3 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Mandø, Danish Botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions)
  • Nov 4 Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, born in Warsaw (d. 1871)
  • Nov 5 Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin, composer
  • Nov 6 Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • Nov 6 Armand Fallières, French president (d. 1931)
  • Nov 9 [Albert] Edward VII, king of England (1901-10)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 12 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Maldon, Essex, England (d. 1919)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • Nov 13 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General (d. 1913)
  • Nov 16 Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 20 Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec (d. 1918)

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Nov 20 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
  • Nov 25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)
  • Nov 28 E M Grace, cricketer (brother of W G)
  • Dec 5 Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)
  • Dec 6 Frédéric Bazille, French painter (d. 1870)
  • Dec 20 Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1932)

Famous Weddings

  • Feb 17 Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de Wégimont

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
  • Feb 11 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • Feb 13 Thomas Ainsworth, English/Dutch industrialist, dies at 45
  • Feb 14 Antun Sorkocevic, composer, dies at 65
  • Feb 15 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch dr/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • Feb 17 Ferdinando Carulli, composer, dies at 70
  • Mar 1 Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • Mar 16 Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 4 William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States, becomes 1st president to die in office at 68 of pneumonia

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Apr 28 Peter Chanel, French saint (b. 1803)
  • Apr 29 A Bertrand, writer, dies
  • Apr 30 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)
  • May 3 Cornelis T Elout, Dutch minister of Finance/Navy/Colonies, dies at 74
  • May 6 John Thomson, composer, dies at 35
  • May 20 Joseph Blanco White, theological writert, dies
  • May 23 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76
  • Jun 1 David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • Jun 1 Nicolas Appert, French inventor of airtight food preservation (food canning, bouillon tablet), dies at 91
  • Jul 27 Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, poet/novelist, dies
  • Aug 10 Hippolyte Monpou, composer, dies at 37
  • Aug 13 Bernhard Romberg, German cellist/composer, dies
  • Aug 24 Karl Friedrich Curschmann, composer, dies at 36
  • Aug 24 Theodore Edward Hook, English author (b. 1788)
  • Aug 27 Ignaz Xaver von Seyfried, composer, dies at 65
  • Sep 9 Augustin P de Candolle, Swiss botanist, dies at 63
  • Sep 15 Alessandro Rolla, composer, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 6 George Childress, American lawyer and statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), commits suicide at 37

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Oct 9 Karl F Schinkel, German painter/writer (Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • Oct 28 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • Nov 1 Antoine PFGdV Celles, Belgium/Dutch/French MP, dies
  • Nov 14 Thomas Bruce, Count of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, dies
  • Nov 18 Georg Chistoph Grosheim, composer, dies at 77
  • Nov 30 Charles Louis W J van Keverberg, Dutch government official, dies at 73
  • Dec 7 Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer, dies at 83
  • Dec 18 Felice Blangini, composer, dies at 60