What Happened in 1841

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Historical Events

  • Jan 5th James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • Jan 20th China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
  • Jan 26th Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • Jan 30th A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • Mar 3rd 3rd Grand National: Mr A. Powell aboard Charity wins
  • Mar 4th Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Longest US presidential inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Mar 5th 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • Mar 9th US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free
  • Mar 22nd Cornstarch patented (Orlando Jones)
  • Mar 27th 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
  • Mar 31st 1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4th Vice President John Tyler becomes the 10th President of the United States after the death of President William Henry Harrison

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Apr 6th Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Illinois
  • Apr 10th New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
  • Apr 14th Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in the Rue Morgue" published
  • Apr 20th 1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published
  • Apr 26th "Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk
  • Apr 27th Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • May 1st First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California
  • May 3rd New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales
  • May 11th Lt. Charles Wilkes lands at Fort Nisqually in Puget Sound.
  • Jun 14th 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
  • Jun 24th Fordham University (then St John's College), opens in the Bronx
  • Jun 28th The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • Jul 3rd John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • Jul 5th Thomas Cook opens 1st travel agency
  • Jul 17th British humorous and satirycal magazine "Punch" first published; it finally closed in 2002
  • Aug 9th Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • Aug 21st John Hampton patents venetian blind
  • Sep 9th Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24th British adventurer James Brooke obtains lands around the Sarawak river from the Sultan of Brunei

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • Sep 30th Samuel Slocum patented the stapler
  • Oct 16th Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, is chartered
  • Nov 2nd Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan
  • Nov 4th First wagon train arrives in California
  • Nov 13th James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.
  • Nov 16th Life preservers made of cork are patented by Napoleon Guerin (NYC)
  • Nov 25th 35 survivors of the mutiny on the slave ship Amistad return to Africa
  • Nov 26th 1st date in James Clavell's novel Tai-Pan
  • Dec 6th Robert Schumann's 4th Symphony in D premieres
  • Dec 29th King/grand duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon
  • Dec 31st Alabama becomes 1st state to license dental surgeons

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 14th Berthe M P Morisot, French painter/aquarellist
  • Jan 15th Lord Frederick Stanley, presenter of hockey's Stanley Cup
  • Jan 18th Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier, France, composer (Le Roi Malgré Lui)
  • Jan 25th John Arbuthnot Fisher, Ceylon, 1st Baron Fisher/admiral of the fleet
  • Jan 27th Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • Jan 28th Henry Morton Stanley, Denbigh Wales, journalist and African explorer (found Livingstone in Africa) (d. 1904)
  • Jan 28th Viktor Ernst Nessler, composer
  • Jan 30th Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, (d. 1914)
  • Jan 30th Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
  • Feb 1st William H H Davenport, stage medium, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Feb 2nd François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
  • Feb 4th Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
  • Feb 10th Walter Parratt, composer
  • Feb 12th Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
  • Feb 15th Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • Feb 18th Samuel Prowse Warren, composer
  • Feb 19th Felipe Pedrell, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 25th Pierre Auguste Renoir, Limoges France, Impressionist painter/sculptor

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • Feb 26th Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
  • Feb 27th [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 28th Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • Mar 1st Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)
  • Mar 1st Romualdo Marenco, composer
  • Mar 3rd John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
  • Mar 4th Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • Mar 7th Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina, poet (El nido de condores)
  • Mar 7th William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 8th Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • Apr 6th Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • Apr 7th Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanicus
  • Apr 7th Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys, painter
  • Apr 13th Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • Apr 15th Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • Apr 25th Pauline Lucca, soprano
  • Apr 26th Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian
  • May 10th James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
  • May 11th Ernst von Possart, German actor/stage manager/reciter
  • May 15th Giovanni Bolzoni, composer
  • May 20th Sara Louisa Oberholtz, social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • May 21st Joseph Parry, composer
  • May 22nd Catulle Mendès, French poet (d. 1909)
  • May 24th Charles Napier Henry, painter
  • May 24th Tito Mattei, pianist/composer
  • May 28th Giovanni Sgambati, composer
  • May 29th Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, (d. 1971)
  • Jun 3rd Eduardo Caudella, composer
  • Jun 6th Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d. 1910)
  • Jul 4th Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist/archaeologicalist
  • Jul 4th Marie von Wied, Princess of Orange Nassau
  • Jul 5th William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
  • Jul 9th Carl Christian Lumbye, composer
  • Jul 11th Daniel de Lange, Dutch composer
  • Jul 11th William Paul Roberts, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Jul 13th Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • Jul 23rd Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • Jul 24th Raimundo Madrazo y Garretta, painter
  • Jul 31st George Melville, polar explorer, naval engineer
  • Aug 13th Unaarrimin, cricketer (played cricket as Johnny Mullagh)
  • Aug 17th Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet
  • Aug 25th Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909)
  • Sep 3rd Tom Emmett, England cricketer (d. 1904)
  • Sep 8th Antonín Dvořák, Nelahozeves Czech, composer (New World Symphony). Dies 1904

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 8th Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield (d. 1882)

  • Sep 13th Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist/stage writer
  • Sep 26th Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg, composer
  • Sep 28th Georges Clemenceau, France, PM (1906-09, 17-20, defended Dreyfuss)
  • Oct 1st Anatol' Vakhnyanyn, composer
  • Oct 4th Stephen Albert Emery, composer
  • Oct 4th Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • Oct 4th Maria Sophie of Bavaria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1925)
  • Oct 7th Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • Oct 11th Freidrich Hegar, composer
  • Oct 16th Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai, Japanese Prime Minister and Resident-General of Korea (d. 1909)
  • Nov 3rd Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Mandø, Danish Botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions)
  • Nov 4th Carl Tausig, composer
  • Nov 5th Alexander Sergeyevich Famintsin, composer
  • Nov 6th Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • Nov 6th Armand Fallières, French president (d. 1931)
  • Nov 9th [Albert] Edward VII, king of England (1901-10)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 12th John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Malden Essex, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), (d. 1919)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • Nov 13th Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General (d. 1913)
  • Nov 16th Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 20th Wilfrid Laurier, (L) 7th Canadian PM (1896-1911)

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Nov 20th Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
  • Nov 25th Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)
  • Nov 28th E M Grace, cricketer (brother of W G)
  • Dec 5th Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)
  • Dec 6th Frédéric Bazille, French painter (d. 1870)
  • Dec 20th Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1932)

Famous Weddings

  • Feb 17th Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de Wégimont

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3rd Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
  • Feb 11th J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • Feb 13th Thomas Ainsworth, English/Dutch industrialist, dies at 45
  • Feb 14th Antun Sorkocevic, composer, dies at 65
  • Feb 15th Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch dr/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • Feb 17th Ferdinando Carulli, composer, dies at 70
  • Mar 1st Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • Mar 16th Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist, dies at 49

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 4th William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States, becomes 1st president to die in office at 68 of pneumonia

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • Apr 28th Peter Chanel, French saint (b. 1803)
  • Apr 29th A Bertrand, writer, dies
  • Apr 30th Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)
  • May 3rd Cornelis T Elout, Dutch minister of Finance/Navy/Colonies, dies at 74
  • May 6th John Thomson, composer, dies at 35
  • May 20th Joseph Blanco White, theological writert, dies
  • May 23rd Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76
  • Jun 1st David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • Jul 27th Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, poet/novelist, dies
  • Aug 10th Hippolyte Monpou, composer, dies at 37
  • Aug 13th Bernhard Romberg, German cellist/composer, dies
  • Aug 24th Karl Friedrich Curschmann, composer, dies at 36
  • Aug 24th Theodore Edward Hook, English author (b. 1788)
  • Aug 27th Ignaz Xaver von Seyfried, composer, dies at 65
  • Sep 9th Augustin P de Candolle, Swiss botanist, dies at 63
  • Sep 15th Alessandro Rolla, composer, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 6th George Childress, American lawyer and statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), commits suicide at 37

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Oct 9th Karl F Schinkel, German painter/writer (Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • Oct 28th Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • Nov 1st Antoine PFGdV Celles, Belgium/Dutch/French MP, dies
  • Nov 14th Thomas Bruce, Count of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, dies
  • Nov 18th Georg Chistoph Grosheim, composer, dies at 77
  • Nov 30th Charles Louis W J van Keverberg, Dutch government official, dies at 73
  • Dec 7th Johann Daniel Ferstenberg, composer, dies at 83
  • Dec 18th Felice Blangini, composer, dies at 60