What Happened in 1842

Historical Events

  • Jan 1st 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • Jan 2nd 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • Jan 6th 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India
  • Jan 7th Gioacchino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 8th Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • Jan 12th Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • Jan 13th Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • Feb 7th Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
  • Feb 15th 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • Feb 21st 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Wash DC
  • Mar 2nd 4th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Gaylad wins
  • Mar 3rd 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • Mar 3rd 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
  • Mar 5th Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 9th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 17th Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
  • Mar 30th Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • Apr 13th Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • May 5th City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
  • May 8th Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • May 14th Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • May 22nd Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25th Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 30th John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jul 9th Notary Stamp Law passes
  • Aug 1st Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
  • Aug 1st Lombard Street Riot erupts
  • Aug 9th US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • Aug 14th Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • Aug 21st The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
  • Aug 29th Great Britain & China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
  • Aug 31st Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • Aug 31st US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • Sep 4th Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after 284-year hiatus
  • Sep 18th 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15th Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Nov 8th Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • Nov 9th The first U.S. design patent for typefaces and borders was issued to George Bruce of New York City
  • Nov 17th Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
  • Nov 17th Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
  • Nov 22nd Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • Nov 26th The University of Notre Dame is founded.
  • Dec 7th New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
  • Dec 9th Mikhail Glinka's opera "Russlan and Ludmilla" premieres in Petersburg
  • Dec 19th US recognizes independence of Hawaii

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2nd Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist
  • Jan 4th Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 6th Clarence King, mining engineer (geologist)
  • Jan 7th Johan Lindegren, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11th William James, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism), born in NYC, New York

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • Jan 12th Francois Coppee, French poet
  • Jan 15th Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • Jan 15th Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • Jan 17th Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
  • Jan 18th Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)
  • Jan 22nd Charles Henri Marechal, composer
  • Feb 2nd Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • Feb 3rd Sidney Clopton Lanier, US, composer/poet (Hall of Fame)
  • Feb 4th Georg Brandes, [Morris Cohen], Danish literary-historian/critic
  • Feb 4th Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
  • Feb 7th Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • Feb 22nd Carl Rosa, Hamburg Germany, founder (Rosa opera company)
  • Feb 22nd Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
  • Feb 23rd Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • Feb 24th Arrigio Enrico Boito, composer
  • Feb 25th Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • Feb 26th Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
  • Mar 1st Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • Mar 2nd Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7th Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
  • Mar 10th Ina Donna Coolbrith, US, poet laureate of Calif
  • Mar 18th Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • Mar 22nd Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer
  • Mar 22nd Mykola Vytal'yevich Lysenko, composer
  • Mar 28th William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
  • Mar 30th John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher
  • Apr 3rd Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 4th Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
  • Apr 8th Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
  • Apr 14th Sven August Korling, composer
  • Apr 17th Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
  • Apr 18th Antero Tarquinio de Quental, Portugal, poet (Beatrice)
  • Apr 25th Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il santo/Leila)
  • Apr 28th Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • Apr 29th Karl Millöcker, Dutch composer (d. 1899)
  • May 5th Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, composer
  • May 8th Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist
  • May 12th Jules Emile Fred Massenet, Montaud France, composer (Manon, Le Cid)
  • May 13th Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Pirates of Penzance, H.M.S Pinafore), born in London (d. 1900)
  • Jun 2nd Constantly AM Cap, Flemish poet/etcher
  • Jun 6th James Morrison Steele Mackaye, US actor (Amer Acad of Dramatic Art)
  • Jun 8th John Q. A. Brackett, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
  • Jun 11th Alfred, Liechtenstein noble/politician
  • Jun 11th Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • Jun 12th Rikard Nordraak, composer
  • Jun 19th Carl Johann Adam Zeller, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 24th Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist (Devil's Dictionary, Nuggets & Dust), born in Meigs County, Ohio (d. 1914)

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Jun 29th Josef Labor, Austrian composer, born in Hořovice, Bohemia (d. 1924)
  • Jul 4th Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria, sociologist/judge/fieldmarshal
  • Jul 4th Gyula Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, born in Pest (d. 1909)
  • Jul 26th Alfred Marshall, economist, born in London, England
  • Aug 14th Henry Duff Trail, journalist/author
  • Aug 16th Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
  • Aug 20th Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter
  • Aug 24th Edouard J A Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market)
  • Aug 26th Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • Aug 28th Willem Linnig jr, Flemish painter/graphic artist
  • Aug 29th Alfred Shaw, cricketer (pioneering England Test bowler)
  • Aug 30th Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, composer
  • Aug 30th Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1849)
  • Sep 5th Louis F J Bouwmeester, Dutch actor (Shakespeare)
  • Sep 7th Johannes H Zukertort, German chess player
  • Sep 13th Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich, composer
  • Sep 13th John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • Sep 20th James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
  • Sep 21st Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • Sep 23rd Karl Munzinger, composer
  • Sep 27th Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
  • Sep 29th Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • Oct 1st Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • Oct 14th Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
  • Oct 24th Josef Nesvera, composer
  • Oct 27th Giovanni Giolitti, 5x premier of Italy (1892..1921)
  • Oct 28th Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • Oct 28th Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
  • Nov 2nd Otto Reubke, German composer, brother of Julius Reubke (d. 1913)
  • Nov 4th William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • Nov 14th Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
  • Nov 22nd Anna S Barbiers, actress (Uncle Tom)
  • Nov 23rd James Lillywhite Jr, cricketer (1st England Test captain)
  • Dec 3rd Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
  • Dec 3rd Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
  • Dec 3rd Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7th Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • Dec 9th Pjotr A Kopotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist
  • Dec 15th Henry Gadsby, composer
  • Dec 17th Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • Dec 22nd Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuba, French sonnet poet
  • Dec 22nd Nicola d' Arienzo, composer
  • Dec 28th Calixa Lavallee, composer

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 31st 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26th Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 12th Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (22) weds queen Adelaide of Austria (20) at Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 9th American writer "The Scarlett Letter" Nathaniel Hawthorne (38) marries painter and illustrator Sophia Peabody (33) in the Peabody's home, Boston

  • Oct 8th Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 4th U.S. first lady Mary Todd Lincoln (23) weds US president Abraham Lincoln (33) in Springfield, Illinois

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8th Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
  • Jan 16th Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
  • Feb 18th Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
  • Feb 21st Wojciech Zywny, composer, dies at 85
  • Mar 6th Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • Mar 7th Christian Theodor Weinlig, composer, dies at 61
  • Mar 13th Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • Mar 15th Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini, Italian composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
  • Mar 23rd Stendhal, [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Lamiel), dies at 59
  • Mar 30th Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • Apr 7th Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norw writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • Apr 11th John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
  • May 8th Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
  • May 15th Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases, French historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • May 23rd Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
  • Jun 20th Michael Umlauf, composer, dies at 60
  • Jul 24th John Sell Cotman, landscape painter, dies
  • Jul 25th Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • Jul 28th C Brentano, writer, dies at 63
  • Aug 10th Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
  • Aug 18th Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (b. 1779)
  • Aug 25th Jerome-Joseph de Momigny, composer, dies at 80
  • Sep 10th Letitia Tyler, US President Tyler's (1841-45) wife, dies at 51
  • Sep 15th Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer, dies at 70
  • Sep 15th José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
  • Oct 2nd Jose Mariano Elizaga, composer, dies at 56
  • Oct 2nd William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
  • Oct 8th Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse, composer, dies at 68
  • Oct 19th Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • Oct 20th Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
  • Oct 24th Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • Oct 30th Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • Nov 14th Henry de Cock, reform vicar, dies at 41
  • Nov 15th Joseph Rastrelli, composer, dies at 43
  • Nov 24th Pehr Frigel, Swedish composer, dies at 92
  • Dec 1st Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • Dec 5th MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers, dies at 82
  • Dec 7th Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
  • Dec 25th Bedrich Divis Weber, composer, dies at 76