What Happened in 1842

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • Jan 2 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • Jan 6 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India
  • Jan 7 Gioacchino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 8 Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • Jan 12 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • Jan 13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • Feb 7 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
  • Feb 15 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • Feb 21 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 2 4th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Gaylad wins
  • Mar 3 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • Mar 3 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
  • Mar 5 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 9 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 17 Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
  • Mar 30 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • Apr 13 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • May 5 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
  • May 8 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • May 14 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • May 22 Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 30 John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Jul 9 Notary Stamp Law passes
  • Aug 1 Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
  • Aug 1 Lombard Street Riot erupts
  • Aug 9 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • Aug 14 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • Aug 21 The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
  • Aug 29 Great Britain & China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
  • Aug 31 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • Aug 31 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • Sep 4 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after 284-year hiatus
  • Sep 18 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Nov 8 Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • Nov 9 The first U.S. design patent for typefaces and borders was issued to George Bruce of New York City
  • Nov 17 Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
  • Nov 17 Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
  • Nov 22 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • Nov 26 The University of Notre Dame is founded.
  • Dec 7 New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
  • Dec 9 Mikhail Glinka's opera "Russlan and Ludmilla" premieres in Petersburg
  • Dec 19 US recognizes independence of Hawaii

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 2 Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist
  • Jan 4 Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 6 Clarence King, mining engineer (geologist)
  • Jan 7 Johan Lindegren, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11 William James, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism), born in NYC, New York

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • Jan 12 Francois Coppee, French poet
  • Jan 15 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • Jan 15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • Jan 17 Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
  • Jan 18 Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)
  • Jan 22 Charles Henri Marechal, composer
  • Feb 2 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • Feb 3 Sidney Clopton Lanier, US, composer/poet (Hall of Fame)
  • Feb 4 Georg Brandes, [Morris Cohen], Danish literary historian and critic
  • Feb 4 Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
  • Feb 7 Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • Feb 22 Carl Rosa, Hamburg Germany, founder (Rosa opera company)
  • Feb 22 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
  • Feb 23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • Feb 24 Arrigio Enrico Boito, composer
  • Feb 25 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • Feb 26 Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
  • Mar 1 Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • Mar 2 Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7 Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
  • Mar 10 Ina Donna Coolbrith, US, poet laureate of Calif
  • Mar 18 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • Mar 22 Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer
  • Mar 22 Mykola Vytal'yevich Lysenko, composer
  • Mar 28 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
  • Mar 30 John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher
  • Apr 3 Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 4 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
  • Apr 8 Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
  • Apr 14 Sven August Korling, composer
  • Apr 17 Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
  • Apr 18 Antero Tarquinio de Quental, Portugal, poet (Beatrice)
  • Apr 25 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il santo/Leila)
  • Apr 28 Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • Apr 29 Karl Millöcker, Dutch composer (d. 1899)
  • May 5 Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, composer
  • May 8 Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist
  • May 12 Jules Emile Fred Massenet, Montaud France, composer (Manon, Le Cid)
  • May 13 Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Pirates of Penzance, H.M.S Pinafore), born in London (d. 1900)
  • Jun 2 Constantly AM Cap, Flemish poet/etcher
  • Jun 6 James Morrison Steele Mackaye, US actor (Amer Acad of Dramatic Art)
  • Jun 8 John Q. A. Brackett, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
  • Jun 11 Alfred, Liechtenstein noble/politician
  • Jun 11 Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • Jun 12 Rikard Nordraak, composer
  • Jun 19 Carl Johann Adam Zeller, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 24 Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist (Devil's Dictionary, Nuggets & Dust), born in Meigs County, Ohio (d. 1914)

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Jun 29 Josef Labor, Austrian composer, born in Hořovice, Bohemia (d. 1924)
  • Jul 4 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria, sociologist/judge/fieldmarshal
  • Jul 4 Gyula Erkel, Hungarian composer, son of Ferenc Erkel, born in Pest (d. 1909)
  • Jul 26 Alfred Marshall, economist, born in London, England
  • Aug 14 Henry Duff Trail, journalist/author
  • Aug 16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
  • Aug 20 Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter
  • Aug 24 Edouard J A Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market)
  • Aug 26 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • Aug 28 Willem Linnig jr, Flemish painter/graphic artist
  • Aug 29 Alfred Shaw, cricketer (pioneering England Test bowler)
  • Aug 30 Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, composer
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1849)
  • Sep 5 Louis F J Bouwmeester, Dutch actor (Shakespeare)
  • Sep 7 Johannes H Zukertort, German chess player
  • Sep 13 Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich, composer
  • Sep 13 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • Sep 20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
  • Sep 21 Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • Sep 23 Karl Munzinger, composer
  • Sep 27 Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
  • Sep 29 Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • Oct 1 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • Oct 14 Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
  • Oct 24 Josef Nesvera, composer
  • Oct 27 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x premier of Italy (1892..1921)
  • Oct 28 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • Oct 28 Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
  • Nov 2 Otto Reubke, German composer, brother of Julius Reubke (d. 1913)
  • Nov 4 William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • Nov 14 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
  • Nov 22 Anna S Barbiers, actress (Uncle Tom)
  • Nov 23 James Lillywhite Jr, cricketer (1st England Test captain)
  • Dec 3 Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
  • Dec 3 Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
  • Dec 3 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • Dec 9 Pjotr A Kopotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist
  • Dec 15 Henry Gadsby, composer
  • Dec 17 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • Dec 22 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuba, French sonnet poet
  • Dec 22 Nicola d' Arienzo, composer
  • Dec 28 Calixa Lavallee, composer

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 31 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 12 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (22) weds queen Adelaide of Austria (20) at Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 9 American writer "The Scarlett Letter" Nathaniel Hawthorne (38) marries painter and illustrator Sophia Peabody (33) in the Peabody's home, Boston

  • Oct 8 Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 4 U.S. first lady Mary Todd Lincoln (23) weds US president Abraham Lincoln (33) in Springfield, Illinois

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 8 Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
  • Jan 16 Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
  • Feb 18 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
  • Feb 21 Wojciech Zywny, composer, dies at 85
  • Mar 6 Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • Mar 7 Christian Theodor Weinlig, composer, dies at 61
  • Mar 13 Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • Mar 15 Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini, Italian composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
  • Mar 23 Stendhal, [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Lamiel), dies at 59
  • Mar 30 Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • Apr 7 Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norw writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • Apr 11 John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
  • May 8 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
  • May 15 Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases, French historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • May 23 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
  • Jun 20 Michael Umlauf, composer, dies at 60
  • Jul 24 John Sell Cotman, landscape painter, dies
  • Jul 25 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • Jul 28 C Brentano, writer, dies at 63
  • Aug 10 Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
  • Aug 18 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (b. 1779)
  • Aug 25 Jerome-Joseph de Momigny, composer, dies at 80
  • Sep 10 Letitia Tyler, US President Tyler's (1841-45) wife, dies at 51
  • Sep 15 Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer, dies at 70
  • Sep 15 José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
  • Oct 2 Jose Mariano Elizaga, composer, dies at 56
  • Oct 2 William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
  • Oct 8 Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse, composer, dies at 68
  • Oct 19 Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • Oct 20 Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
  • Oct 24 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • Oct 30 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • Nov 14 Henry de Cock, reform vicar, dies at 41
  • Nov 15 Joseph Rastrelli, composer, dies at 43
  • Nov 24 Pehr Frigel, Swedish composer, dies at 92
  • Dec 1 Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • Dec 5 MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers, dies at 82
  • Dec 7 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
  • Dec 25 Bedrich Divis Weber, composer, dies at 76