Today in History for Year 1842

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Months in Year 1842: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 45 of 45

Jan 1st - 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
Jan 2nd - 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
Jan 6th - 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before India
Jan 7th - Gioacchino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris
Jan 8th - Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
Jan 12th - Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
Jan 13th - Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
Feb 7th - Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
Feb 15th - 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
Feb 21st - 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Wash DC
Mar 2nd - 4th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Gaylad wins
Mar 3rd - 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
Mar 3rd - 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
Mar 5th - Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi Mar 9th - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan
Mar 17th - Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
Mar 30th - Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
Apr 13th - Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
May 5th - City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
May 8th - Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
May 14th - Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
May 22nd - Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.
May 25th - Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague
May 30th - John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom VictoriaQueen of the United Kingdom Victoria Jul 9th - Notary Stamp Law passes
Aug 1st - Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
Aug 1st - Lombard Street Riot erupts
Aug 9th - US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
Aug 14th - Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
Aug 21st - The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
Aug 29th - Great Britain & China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
Aug 31st - Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
Aug 31st - US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
Sep 4th - Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after 284-year hiatus
Sep 18th - 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published
Oct 15th - Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung
Nov 8th - Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
Communist Philosopher Karl MarxCommunist Philosopher Karl Marx Nov 9th - The first U.S. design patent for typefaces and borders was issued to George Bruce of New York City
Nov 17th - Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
Nov 17th - Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
Nov 22nd - Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
Nov 26th - The University of Notre Dame is founded.
Dec 7th - New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
Dec 9th - Mikhail Glinka's opera "Russlan and Ludmilla" premieres in Petersburg
Dec 19th - US recognizes independence of Hawaii

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 95 of 95

Jan 2nd - Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist
Jan 4th - Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
Jan 6th - Clarence King, mining engineer (geologist)
Jan 7th - Johan Lindegren, composer
Jan 11th - William James, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism), born in NYC, New York
Jan 12th - Francois Coppee, French poet
Jan 15th - Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
Jan 15th - Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
Jan 17th - Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
Father of American psychology William JamesFather of American psychology William James (Jan 11th) Jan 18th - Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)
Jan 22nd - Charles Henri Marechal, composer
Feb 2nd - Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
Feb 3rd - Sidney Clopton Lanier, US, composer/poet (Hall of Fame)
Feb 4th - Georg Brandes, [Morris Cohen], Danish literary-historian/critic
Feb 4th - Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
Feb 7th - Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
Feb 22nd - Carl Rosa, Hamburg Germany, founder (Rosa opera company)
Feb 22nd - Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
Feb 23rd - Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
Feb 24th - Arrigio Enrico Boito, composer
Feb 25th - Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
Feb 26th - Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
Mar 1st - Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
Mar 2nd - Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
Mar 7th - Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
Mar 10th - Ina Donna Coolbrith, US, poet laureate of Calif
Mar 18th - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
Mar 22nd - Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer
Mar 22nd - Mykola Vytal'yevich Lysenko, composer
Mar 28th - William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
Mar 30th - John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher
Apr 3rd - Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
Apr 4th - Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
Apr 8th - Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
Apr 14th - Sven August Korling, composer
Apr 17th - Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
Apr 18th - Antero Tarquinio de Quental, Portugal, poet (Beatrice)
Apr 25th - Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il santo/Leila)
Apr 28th - Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Brazil (1870-89)
Apr 29th - Karl Millöcker, Dutch composer (d. 1899)
May 5th - Johann Nepomuk Fuchs, composer
May 8th - Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist
May 12th - Jules Emile Fred Massenet, Montaud France, composer (Manon, Le Cid)
May 13th - Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Pirates of Penzance, H.M.S Pinafore), born in London (d. 1900)
Jun 2nd - Constantly AM Cap, Flemish poet/etcher
Jun 6th - James Morrison Steele Mackaye, US actor (Amer Acad of Dramatic Art)
Jun 8th - John Q. A. Brackett, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
Jun 11th - Alfred, Liechtenstein noble/politician
Jun 11th - Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
Jun 12th - Rikard Nordraak, composer
Jun 19th - Carl Johann Adam Zeller, composer
Writer & Satirist Ambrose BierceWriter & Satirist Ambrose Bierce (Jun 24th) Jun 24th - Ambrose Bierce, Meigs County, Ohio, American writer and satirist (Devil's Dictionary, Nuggets & Dust)
Jun 29th - Josef Labor, composer
Jul 4th - Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austria, sociologist/judge/fieldmarshal
Jul 4th - Gyula Erkel, composer
Jul 26th - Alfred Marshall, economist, born in London, England
Aug 14th - Henry Duff Trail, journalist/author
Aug 16th - Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
Aug 20th - Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter
Aug 24th - Edouard J A Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market)
Aug 26th - Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
Aug 28th - Willem Linnig jr, Flemish painter/graphic artist
Aug 29th - Alfred Shaw, cricketer (pioneering England Test bowler)
Aug 30th - Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, composer
Aug 30th - Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1849)
Sep 5th - Louis F J Bouwmeester, Dutch actor (Shakespeare)
Sep 7th - Johannes H Zukertort, German chess player
Sep 13th - Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich, composer
Sep 13th - John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
Sep 20th - James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
Sep 21st - Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
Sep 23rd - Karl Munzinger, composer
Sep 27th - Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
Sep 29th - Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
Oct 1st - Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
Oct 14th - Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
Oct 24th - Josef Nesvera, composer
Oct 27th - Giovanni Giolitti, 5x premier of Italy (1892..1921)
Oct 28th - Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
Oct 28th - Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
Nov 2nd - Otto Reubke, composer
Nov 4th - William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
Nov 14th - Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
Nov 22nd - Anna S Barbiers, actress (Uncle Tom)
Nov 23rd - James Lillywhite Jr, cricketer (1st England Test captain)
Dec 3rd - Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
Dec 3rd - Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
Dec 3rd - Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)
Dec 7th - Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
Dec 9th - Pjotr A Kopotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist
Dec 15th - Henry Gadsby, composer
Dec 17th - Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
Dec 22nd - Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuba, French sonnet poet
Dec 22nd - Nicola d' Arienzo, composer
Dec 28th - Calixa Lavallee, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Jan 31st - 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II (Apr 12th) Apr 12th - Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (22) weds queen Adelaide of Austria (20) at Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi
Jul 9th - American writer "The Scarlett Letter" Nathaniel Hawthorne (38) marries painter and illustrator Sophia Peabody (33) in the Peabody's home, Boston
Oct 8th - Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach
Nov 4th - U.S. first lady Mary Todd Lincoln (23) weds US president Abraham Lincoln (33) in Springfield, Illinois

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 39 of 39

Jan 8th - Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
Jan 16th - Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
Feb 18th - Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
Feb 21st - Wojciech Zywny, composer, dies at 85
Mar 6th - Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
Mar 7th - Christian Theodor Weinlig, composer, dies at 61
Mar 13th - Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
Mar 15th - Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini, Italian composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
Mar 23rd - Stendhal, [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Lamiel), dies at 59
Mar 30th - Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
Apr 7th - Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norw writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
Apr 11th - John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
May 8th - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
May 15th - Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases, French historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
May 23rd - Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
Jun 20th - Michael Umlauf, composer, dies at 60
Jul 24th - John Sell Cotman, landscape painter, dies
Jul 25th - Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
Jul 28th - C Brentano, writer, dies at 63
Aug 10th - Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
Aug 18th - Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (b. 1779)
Aug 25th - Jerome-Joseph de Momigny, composer, dies at 80
Sep 10th - Letitia Tyler, US President Tyler's (1841-45) wife, dies at 51
Sep 15th - Pierre MF de Sales Baillot, French violinist/composer, dies at 70
Sep 15th - José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
Oct 2nd - Jose Mariano Elizaga, composer, dies at 56
Oct 2nd - William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
Oct 8th - Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse, composer, dies at 68
Oct 19th - Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
Oct 20th - Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
Oct 24th - Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
Oct 30th - Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
Nov 14th - Henry de Cock, reform vicar, dies at 41
Nov 15th - Joseph Rastrelli, composer, dies at 43
Nov 24th - Pehr Frigel, composer, dies at 92
Dec 1st - Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
Dec 5th - MJ Auguste Vestrius, French ballet dancers, dies at 82
Dec 7th - Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
Dec 25th - Bedrich Divis Weber, composer, dies at 76

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