What Happened in 1848

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 101

  • Jan 1st Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • Jan 3rd Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • Jan 8th Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • Jan 9th 1st commercial bank in SF established
  • Jan 9th People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • Jan 12th Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • Jan 24th James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
  • Jan 28th King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • Jan 29th Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
  • Feb 2nd 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
  • Feb 2nd Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
  • Feb 12th Ballet "Faust" premieres in Milan
  • Feb 15th Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • Feb 17th Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • Feb 24th King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
  • Feb 26th 2nd French Republic proclaimed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26th Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels publish their "Communist Manifesto"

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Feb 29th The Principality of Neuchâtel declares itself independent of Prussia
  • Mar 1st 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
  • Mar 4th Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • Mar 4th Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
  • Mar 5th Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
  • Mar 7th In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • Mar 11th Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • Mar 12th 2nd republic established in France
  • Mar 15th A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • Mar 23rd The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • Mar 24th State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • Mar 27th John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster

CommunicationNiagara Falls Stops Flowing

Mar 29th Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam

  • Apr 3rd Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3rd German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 6th Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • Apr 8th 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • Apr 8th Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • Apr 11th Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
  • Apr 18th American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26th Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Apr 28th Free last slaves in French colonies
  • May 1st The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • May 6th Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
  • May 7th Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • May 13th First performance of Finland's national anthem.
  • May 17th Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
  • May 18th Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
  • May 19th 1st department store opens
  • May 19th Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
  • May 29th Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • May 29th Wisconsin becomes 30th state
  • May 30th 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • May 30th William G Young patents ice cream freezer
  • May 30th Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
  • Jun 2nd The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • Jun 5th Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
  • Jun 10th 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
  • Jun 10th Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 22nd Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Jun 22nd Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • Jun 23rd Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
  • Jun 26th 1st pure food law enacted in US
  • Jun 26th End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • Jul 3rd Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • Jul 6th Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
  • Jul 11th Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • Jul 11th London's Waterloo Station opens

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 19th 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Jul 19th German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • Jul 23rd Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • Jul 25th 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • Jul 29th Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police
  • Aug 9th Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
  • Aug 9th US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
  • Aug 14th Oregon Territory created
  • Aug 15th M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • Aug 18th Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
  • Aug 22nd The United States annexes New Mexico
  • Sep 6th National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
  • Sep 12th Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • Sep 14th Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
  • Sep 16th Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • Sep 18th Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
  • Sep 19th Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
  • Sep 20th The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
  • Sep 29th Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • Oct 16th 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • Oct 28th The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
  • Nov 1st First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
  • Nov 3rd Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7th General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Nov 9th Post office at Clay & Pike opens
  • Nov 9th Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
  • Nov 21st Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 21st Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • Nov 23rd Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • Dec 2nd Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
  • Dec 5th President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
  • Dec 25th New Haven Railroad opens
  • Dec 26th 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
  • Dec 26th William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • Dec 26th The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1st John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • Jan 4th Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1913)
  • Jan 5th Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • Jan 5th Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West, (d. 1919)
  • Jan 9th Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
  • Jan 18th Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)
  • Jan 19th John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
  • Jan 21st Henri Duparc, French composer
  • Jan 22nd Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages)
  • Jan 24th Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
  • Jan 27th Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
  • Feb 4th [Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard, Fren playwright/poet (Jeune Croyances)
  • Feb 5th Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley], US female outlaw (wild west)
  • Feb 5th Joris-Karl Huysmans, France, writer (Against the Grain)
  • Feb 5th Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
  • Feb 6th Luigi Mancinelli, composer
  • Feb 14th Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
  • Feb 16th Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
  • Feb 17th Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
  • Feb 18th Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassmaker (stained glass windows)
  • Feb 20th Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)
  • Feb 23rd Thomas Paine Westendorf, composer
  • Feb 24th C Grant B Allen, Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
  • Feb 24th Johanna C P Barbiers, actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
  • Feb 24th Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (d. 1907)
  • Feb 27th Charles Hubert H Parry, England, musicologist/composer (Jerusalem)
  • Mar 1st Augustus Saint-Gaudens, US, sculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
  • Mar 3rd Adelaide Neilson, English stage actress (Julia-The Hunchback), born in Leeds (d. 1880)
  • Mar 9th Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick, composer
  • Mar 12th Cyrill Kistler, composer
  • Mar 17th Horace Wadham Nicholl, composer
  • Mar 18th Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer
  • Mar 18th Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 19th Wyatt Earp, American sheriff (OK Corral), born in Monmouth, Illinois (d. 1929)

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp
  • Mar 24th Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
  • Mar 25th William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Mar 29th Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general/minister of War
  • Mar 31st John Henry Roberts, composer
  • Apr 7th Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
  • Apr 9th F A MacKinnon, cricketer (later the 35th Mackinnon of Mackinnon)
  • Apr 9th Helena Lange, German feminist
  • Apr 12th José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
  • Apr 16th Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • Apr 27th King Otto I of Bavaria (d. 1916)
  • Apr 28th Ludvig Schytte, composer
  • Apr 29th Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)
  • May 5th Adalbert von Goldschmidt, composer
  • May 15th Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (d. 1926)
  • May 23rd Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)
  • May 23rd Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
  • Jun 1st Otto Valdemar Malling, composer
  • Jun 7th Paul Gaugin, [Eugene Henri], French post-impressionist painter
  • Jun 24th Brooks Adams, US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)
  • Jul 9th Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
  • Jul 15th Vilfredo F D Pareto, Italian economist/sociologist
  • Jul 16th Henri[cus A] Viotta, Dutch conductor/composer (Lexicon of Music)
  • Jul 18th William Gilbert Grace, Victorian England's greatest cricketer
  • Jul 19th Cornelis A Pekelharing, artist (fabric seller)
  • Jul 22nd Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)
  • Jul 25th Arthur Earl Balfour, (C), British PM (1902-05) (Balfour Declaration)
  • Jul 27th Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist
  • Jul 27th Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (d. 1919)
  • Jul 27th Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium
  • Jul 31st Jean Robert Planquette, France, composer (Bells of Corneville)
  • Aug 1st František Kmoch, Czech composer and conductor
  • Aug 4th Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • Aug 12th Macellus Emants, Dutch writer/poet (Along the Nile)
  • Aug 19th Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding design/painter (Rue de Paris)
  • Aug 22nd Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (d. 1929)
  • Aug 30th Andrew Onderdonk, Canadian railway contractor (d. 1905)
  • Sep 1st Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
  • Sep 4th Lewis H Latimer, inventor/engineer
  • Sep 4th Jennie Lee, American actress (d. 1925)
  • Sep 5th Manuel Giro, Spanish composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1916)
  • Sep 10th William M Harnett, US painter (Old Violin)
  • Sep 24th Pieter Louis Tak, literary (The Chronicle)
  • Sep 29th Caroline Ardelia Yale, US, educated deaf
  • Oct 3rd Henry Lerolle, French painter (d. 1929)
  • Oct 5th Guido von List, German writer (d. 1919)
  • Oct 17th William "Candy" Cummings, created curve ball
  • Oct 30th Zinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral
  • Oct 31st Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • Nov 8th Gottlob Frege, Germany, mathematician/logician (Begriffsschrift)
  • Nov 12th Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
  • Nov 13th Albert HK, monarch of Monaco (1889-1922)
  • Nov 24th Lilli Lehmann, opera singer
  • Dec 9th Joel Chandler Harris, US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
  • Dec 12th William Vanderbilt, yachtsman (donated Vanderbilt Cup)
  • Dec 15th Edwin Howland Blashfield, decorated the dome of Library of Congress
  • Dec 17th Frederick Grant Gleason, composer
  • Dec 18th Karl Schroder, composer
  • Dec 21st Edward Everett Rice, composer
  • Dec 30th Mary Frances Allitsen, composer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 8th Confederate General James Longstreet (27) weds Maria Louisa Garland in Lynchburg, Virginia

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • Mar 20th King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
  • Apr 10th British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 10th Inventor Samuel Morse (57) weds Sarah Elizabeth Griswold in Utica, New York

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 22nd Soldier and later US President Ulysses Grant (26) marries Julia Dent

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5th Ferdinando Orlandi, composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 9th Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • Jan 20th Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
  • Feb 15th Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • Feb 20th [Willem] Alexander FCNM, prince of Neth/gen-maj, dies at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 23rd John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • Mar 3rd Heinrich Olivier, German painter, dies
  • Mar 20th Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven, Dutch theologist/poet, dies at 27
  • Mar 29th John Jacob Astor, charted American Fur Company, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 4th Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of northern and central Australia, dies on an expedition at 34

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Apr 8th Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, Italian composer, dies at 50
  • Apr 10th Godert AGP baron van Capellen, gove-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
  • Apr 24th Francois van Campenhout, Belgian composer (Brabanconne), dies at 69
  • Apr 30th Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German/Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • May 11th Tom Cribb, English boxer (b. 1781)
  • May 18th William A Leidesdorf, mixed-race early Californian, dies at 38 in SF
  • May 25th Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (b. 1797)
  • May 31st Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
  • Jun 27th Denis-Auguste Affre, archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
  • Jun 27th Zschokke, writer, dies
  • Jul 4th Francois Rene de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala)/diplomat, dies
  • Jul 22nd Karl Guhr, German composer, dies at 60
  • Aug 6th Nicola Vaccai, Italian composer, dies at 58
  • Aug 7th Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (b. 1779)
  • Aug 9th Frederick Marryat, English captain/author (Mr Midshipman Easy), dies
  • Aug 12th George Stephenson, locomotive engineer, dies
  • Aug 15th Timothy Olmstead, early American composer, dies at 88
  • Sep 11th Henri-Philippe Gerard, composer, dies at 87
  • Oct 4th Louis Massonneau, composer, dies at 82
  • Oct 5th Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (b. 1781)
  • Oct 26th Vissarion G Belinski, Russian literature critic, dies
  • Oct 27th Alexander Egorovich Varlamov, composer, dies at 46
  • Nov 10th Christian VIII of Denmark, King of Denmark (b. 1786)
  • Nov 15th P Rossi, Italian, murdered
  • Nov 17th Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert, Flemish lawyer, dies
  • Nov 23rd Alfred Julius Becher, composer, dies at 45
  • Nov 24th William Lamb 2nd viscount Melbourne, British PM (1834..41), dies at 69
  • Dec 18th Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)
  • Dec 19th Adam FJA van Duyn, governor of South Holland, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 19th Emily Brontë, English novelist (Wuthering Heights), dies of tuberculosis at 30

Novelist Emily Brontë
Emily Brontë
  • Dec 25th Johann Erik Nordblom, composer, dies at 60
  • Dec 31st Oliver Shaw, early American composer, dies at 69