What Happened in 1850

Historical Events

  • Jan 5th California Exchange opens
  • Jan 18th British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • Jan 20th Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • Jan 22nd Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • Jan 26th 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29th Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 5th Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • Feb 12th Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • Feb 18th California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
  • Feb 27th 12th Grand National: Chris Green aboard Abd-El-Kader wins
  • Feb 28th The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Mar 5th The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7th Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Mar 11th Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • Mar 12th 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16th Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18th Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29th SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31st US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • Apr 1st SF County government established
  • Apr 4th City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • Apr 15th City of San Francisco incorporated
  • Apr 25th Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • May 1st John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • May 11th Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • May 27th Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • Jun 4th Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • Jun 4th Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • Jun 14th Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
  • Jun 17th Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29th British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; he died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jun 29th Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • Jul 1st At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • Jul 2nd Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7th Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10th Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jul 12th Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14th 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • Jul 15th John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17th Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19th Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23rd 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25th Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • Aug 23rd 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 28th Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 30th Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • Aug 31st California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • Sep 9th Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • Sep 9th California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • Sep 11th "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • Sep 17th Great fire in San Francisco
  • Sep 18th Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • Sep 20th Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • Sep 24th Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • Sep 28th US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • Oct 12th First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • Oct 17th Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • Nov 6th 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • Nov 6th Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19th Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • Nov 29th The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • Dec 16th Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • Dec 20th Hawaiian post office established
  • Dec 27th Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • Dec 28th Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 108

  • Jan 5th Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Jan 6th Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist (New Era)
  • Jan 6th Franz Xaver Scharwenka, German pianist/composer (Mataswintha)
  • Jan 10th John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
  • Jan 11th J C Arthur, Lowville NY, botanist (studied rusts)
  • Jan 11th Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary, famous philatelist
  • Jan 13th Leon Francis Victor Caron, composer
  • Jan 14th Jean de Reszke, [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor
  • Jan 14th Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
  • Jan 15th Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • Jan 15th Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • Jan 17th Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
  • Jan 18th Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 27th Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • Jan 27th Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
  • Jan 29th Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • Jan 29th Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)
  • Feb 2nd Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker
  • Feb 12th Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • Feb 16th Octave Mirbeau, France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • Feb 17th Anton Urspruch, composer
  • Feb 17th Ludwig Bonvin, composer
  • Feb 18th George Henschel, composer
  • Feb 20th Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
  • Feb 22nd Isaac L Rice, Germany, (namesake of Columbia Univ's Rice stadium)
  • Feb 23rd César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • Feb 27th Henry Edwards Huntington, US, railroad exec
  • Feb 28th Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • Mar 5th Daniel Brink Towner, American hymn composer (d. 1919)
  • Mar 7th Tomés G Masaryk, Czechoslovakia, Father/President of Czech (1918-35)
  • Mar 7th Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • Mar 9th Alexandre Luigini, composer
  • Mar 10th Mary Mills Patrick, US, 1st President of Istanbul Woman's College
  • Mar 10th Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
  • Mar 13th Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, composer
  • Mar 24th Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26th Edward Bellamy, author (Looking Backward)
  • Apr 8th William Henry Welch, US, pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
  • Apr 9th Herman Zumpe, composer
  • Apr 13th Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • Apr 15th John Munroe Longyear, US, capitalist/bank president
  • Apr 16th Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)
  • Apr 19th Edward John Gregory, painter/engraver
  • Apr 19th Theo Mann-Bouwmeester, Dutch actress (Pink Bernd, Hedda Gabler)
  • Apr 20th Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)
  • Apr 27th Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
  • May 1st Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (d. 1942)
  • May 8th Ross Barnes, baseball player (d. 1915)
  • May 10th Thomas Johnstone Lipton, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • May 12th Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
  • May 16th Arthur Henry Mann, organist/composer
  • May 17th Antonio Scontrino, composer
  • May 18th Oliver Heaviside, physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England
  • May 20th Eaton Faning, composer
  • May 21st Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
  • May 22nd Johann Schrammel, composer
  • May 24th Ernest Albert Waterlow, water-color painter
  • May 26th Christine [Elizabeth C] Poolman, Dutch actress (Stupid force)
  • May 27th Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • Jun 5th Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
  • Jun 6th Karl F Braun, Germany, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909)
  • Jun 18th Richard Heuberger, composer
  • Jun 19th David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)
  • Jun 24th Horatio Herbert Kitchener, County Kerry, Ireland, commander of the British forces during Anglo-Boer War
  • Jun 27th Ivan Vazov, Bulgaria, poet/novelist/playwright (Under the Yoke)
  • Jun 27th Jacob Adolf Hagg, composer
  • Jun 27th Lafcadio Hearn, US, journalist/author (Chita)
  • Jun 27th Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
  • Jun 29th Joseph Paul Skelly, composer
  • Jul 3rd Alfredo Kiel, composer
  • Jul 4th Ole Olsen, Norwegian composer and organist, born in Hammerfest, Finnmark (d. 1927)
  • Jul 11th Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader (d. 1938)
  • Jul 12th Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15th Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
  • Jul 18th Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • Aug 3rd Paul A Daum, Dutch writer/founder/editor (Batavian Newspaper)
  • Aug 3rd Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School (d. 1926)
  • Aug 5th Anton Simon, Russian composer, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • Aug 5th Guy de Maupassant, France, author (Boule de Suif)
  • Aug 14th Earnest YY [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire, actor (Kloris & Roses)
  • Aug 26th Charles Richet, French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • Sep 2nd Albert Spaulding, baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company
  • Sep 2nd Eugene Field, author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
  • Sep 2nd Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
  • Sep 4th Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal/earl (WW I-Caporetto)
  • Sep 6th Louis F H "Louis" Apol, painter/etcher/literary
  • Sep 9th Harishchandra, India, poet/dramatist/father of modern Hindi
  • Sep 9th Leopoldo Miguez, composer
  • Oct 4th John W McGraw, (Gov-R-Wash) (1893-97)
  • Oct 5th Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician, and President of the First Imperial Duma (d. 1910)
  • Oct 8th Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
  • Oct 18th Francis Thome, composer
  • Oct 19th Annie S Peck, mountain climber/explorer/diplomat
  • Nov 5th Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
  • Nov 8th Karel Komzák II, Viennese composer, born in Prague (d. 1905)
  • Nov 9th Lewis Lewin, Germany, toxicologist/father of psychopharmacologist
  • Nov 12th Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 13th Robert Louis Stevenson, Edinburgh, Scotland, author (Treasure Island), (d. 1894)

  • Nov 20th Arthur Goring Thomas, English composer
  • Nov 26th Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 14th French writer and playwright Honoré de Balzac marries Ewelina Hańska in Berdyczów, Ukraine

HeartWedding of Interest

May 1st Soldier William Tecumseh Sherman (30) weds Eleanor Boyle Ewing in Washington, D.C.

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 13th Poet Alfred Tennyson (40) weds Emily Sellwood (36)

  • Jun 19th Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 22nd Composer Stephen Foster (24) weds Jane Denny McDowell at Trinity Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1st Raphael G Kiesewetter, Austria musicologist, dies at 76
  • Jan 14th Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
  • Jan 20th Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
  • Jan 22nd Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at 54
  • Jan 26th Francis Jeffrey, Baron Jeffrey, judge/literary critic, dies
  • Jan 27th J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
  • Jan 27th Philipp Roth, composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 1st Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, dies at 3
  • Feb 25th Daoguang, Emperor of China (b. 1782)
  • Mar 3rd Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
  • Mar 19th Adalbert Gyrowetz, Bohemian composer, dies at 87
  • Mar 21st Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • Mar 27th Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • Mar 28th Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31st John C. Calhoun, American politician, dies of tuberculosis at 68

Politician John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
  • Apr 3rd Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, organist/pianist/composer, dies at 75
  • Apr 7th William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • Apr 9th William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • Apr 12th Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary (b. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 16th Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, dies at 88

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 23rd William Wordsworth, English Romantic poet (The Prelude), dies at 80

  • Apr 24th Louis Alexandre Piccinni, composer, dies at 70
  • May 9th Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, chemist/physicist, dies
  • May 24th Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • Jun 4th Willem F Mauritius HK, prince of Orange, dies at 74
  • Jun 12th Jean V Constant de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • Jun 16th William Lawson explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)
  • Jun 18th Antoni Weinert, composer, dies at 99

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2nd Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jul 4th William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1759)
  • Jul 8th Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • Jul 9th Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab, Persian founder of Babism

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 9th Zachary Taylor, 12th US president (1849-50), dies in White House at 65

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Jul 14th August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • Jul 19th Giovanni Ossoli, Italian marquis/revolutionary, drowned
  • Jul 19th [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary, dies
  • Jul 28th Stefano Pavesi, composer, dies at 71
  • Aug 4th Frantisek Tucek, composer, dies at 68
  • Aug 6th Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 17th Jose de San Martin, South American revolutionary hero and general, dies at 72

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Aug 18th H de Balzac, writer, dies at 51
  • Aug 22nd Nikolaus Lenau, writer, dies at 48
  • Aug 26th Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
  • Sep 23rd José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • Oct 2nd Sarah Biffin/Beffin, limbless miniature painter, dies
  • Oct 11th Louisa Maria, queen of Belgium (1832-50)/wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
  • Nov 4th Gustav Schwab, German writer, dies at 58
  • Nov 5th Ferdinand KJ, archduke of Austria, dies at 69
  • Nov 19th Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
  • Dec 10th François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (b. 1787)