Today in History for Year 1850

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Months in Year 1850: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 66 of 66

Jan 5th - California Exchange opens
Jan 18th - British blockade Piraeus, Greece to enforce mercantile claims
Jan 20th - Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
Jan 22nd - Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
Jan 26th - 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC
Jan 29th - Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate
Feb 5th - Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
Feb 12th - Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
Feb 18th - California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
Feb 27th - 12th Grand National: Chris Green aboard Abd-El-Kader wins
Feb 28th - The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Mar 5th - The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
Mar 7th - Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
American Statesman Daniel WebsterAmerican Statesman Daniel Webster Mar 11th - Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
Mar 12th - 1st US $20 gold piece issued
Mar 16th - Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Scarlet Letter" published
Mar 18th - Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
Mar 29th - SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
Mar 31st - US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
Apr 1st - SF County government established
Apr 4th - City of Los Angeles incorporated
Apr 15th - City of San Francisco incorporated
Apr 25th - Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
May 1st - John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
May 11th - Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
May 27th - Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
Jun 4th - Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
Author Nathaniel HawthorneAuthor Nathaniel Hawthorne Jun 4th - Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
Jun 6th - Levi Strauss make his 1st pair of blue jeans
Jun 14th - Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
Jun 17th - Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
Jun 29th - British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; de died three days later
Jun 29th - Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
Jul 1st - At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
Jul 2nd - Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
Jul 7th - Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
Jul 10th - Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)
Jul 12th - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
13th US President Millard Fillmore13th US President Millard Fillmore Jul 14th - 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
Jul 15th - John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
Jul 17th - Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
Jul 19th - Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
Jul 23rd - 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
Jul 25th - Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
Aug 23rd - 1st national women's rights convention convenes in Worcester Mass
Aug 28th - Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany
Aug 30th - Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
Aug 31st - California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
Sep 9th - Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
Sep 9th - California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state
Sep 11th - "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
Sep 17th - Great fire in San Francisco
Composer Richard WagnerComposer Richard Wagner Sep 18th - Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
Sep 20th - Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
Sep 24th - Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
Sep 28th - US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
Oct 12th - First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
Oct 17th - Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
Nov 6th - 1st Hawaiian fire engine
Nov 6th - Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use
Nov 19th - Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth
Nov 29th - The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
Poet Alfred TennysonPoet Alfred Tennyson Dec 16th - Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
Dec 20th - Hawaiian post office established
Dec 27th - Hawaiian Fire Dept established
Dec 28th - Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 108

Jan 5th - Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher
Jan 6th - Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist (New Era)
Jan 6th - Franz Xaver Scharwenka, German pianist/composer (Mataswintha)
Jan 10th - John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
Jan 11th - J C Arthur, Lowville NY, botanist (studied rusts)
Jan 11th - Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary, famous philatelist
Jan 13th - Leon Francis Victor Caron, composer
Jan 14th - Jean de Reszke, [Jan Mieczyslaw], Polish tenor
Jan 14th - Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
Jan 15th - Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
Jan 15th - Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
Jan 17th - Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
Jan 18th - Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)
Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel GompersFounder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers (Jan 27th) Jan 27th - Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England
Jan 27th - Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
Jan 29th - Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
Jan 29th - Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)
Feb 2nd - Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker
Feb 12th - Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
Feb 16th - Octave Mirbeau, France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
Feb 17th - Anton Urspruch, composer
Feb 17th - Ludwig Bonvin, composer
Feb 18th - George Henschel, composer
Feb 20th - Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
Feb 22nd - Isaac L Rice, Germany, (namesake of Columbia Univ's Rice stadium)
Feb 23rd - César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
Feb 27th - Henry Edwards Huntington, US, railroad exec
Feb 28th - Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)
Mar 5th - Daniel Brink Towner, composer
Mar 7th - Tomés G Masaryk, Czechoslovakia, Father/Pres of Czech (1918-35)
Mar 7th - Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
Mar 9th - Alexandre Luigini, composer
Mar 10th - Mary Mills Patrick, US, 1st pres of Istanbul Woman's College
Mar 10th - Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
Mar 13th - Emilio Serrano y Ruiz, composer
Mar 24th - Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
Mar 26th - Edward Bellamy, author (Looking Backward)
Apr 8th - William Henry Welch, US, pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
Apr 9th - Herman Zumpe, composer
Apr 13th - Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
Apr 15th - John Munroe Longyear, US, capitalist/bank president
Apr 16th - Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)
Apr 19th - Edward John Gregory, painter/engraver
Apr 19th - Theo Mann-Bouwmeester, Dutch actress (Pink Bernd, Hedda Gabler)
Apr 20th - Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)
Apr 27th - Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
May 1st - Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (d. 1942)
May 8th - Ross Barnes, baseball player (d. 1915)
May 10th - Thomas Johnstone Lipton, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea), born in Glasgow, Scotland
May 12th - Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
May 16th - Arthur Henry Mann, organist/composer
May 17th - Antonio Scontrino, composer
May 18th - Oliver Heaviside, physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England
May 20th - Eaton Faning, composer
May 21st - Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
May 22nd - Johann Schrammel, composer
May 24th - Ernest Albert Waterlow, water-color painter
May 26th - Christine [Elizabeth C] Poolman, Dutch actress (Stupid force)
May 27th - Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
Jun 5th - Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
Jun 6th - Karl F Braun, Germany, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909)
Jun 18th - Richard Heuberger, composer
Jun 19th - David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)
Jun 24th - Horatio Herbert Kitchener, County Kerry, Ireland, commander of the British forces during Anglo-Boer War
Jun 27th - Ivan Vazov, Bulgaria, poet/novelist/playwright (Under the Yoke)
Jun 27th - Jacob Adolf Hagg, composer
Jun 27th - Lafcadio Hearn, US, journalist/author (Chita)
Jun 27th - Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
Jun 29th - Joseph Paul Skelly, composer
Jul 3rd - Alfredo Kiel, composer
Jul 4th - Ole Olsen, composer
Jul 11th - Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader (d. 1938)
Jul 12th - Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
Jul 15th - Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
Jul 18th - Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
Aug 3rd - Paul A Daum, Dutch writer/founder/editor (Batavian Newspaper)
Aug 3rd - Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School (d. 1926)
Aug 5th - Anton Simon, composer
Aug 5th - Guy de Maupassant, France, author (Boule de Suif)
Aug 14th - Earnest YY [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire, actor (Kloris & Roses)
Aug 26th - Charles Richet, French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
Sep 2nd - Albert Spaulding, baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company
Sep 2nd - Eugene Field, author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
Sep 2nd - Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
Sep 4th - Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal/earl (WW I-Caporetto)
Sep 6th - Louis F H "Louis" Apol, painter/etcher/literary
Sep 9th - Harishchandra, India, poet/dramatist/father of modern Hindi
Sep 9th - Leopoldo Miguez, composer
Oct 4th - John W McGraw, (Gov-R-Wash) (1893-97)
Oct 5th - Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician, and President of the First Imperial Duma (d. 1910)
Oct 8th - Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
Oct 18th - Francis Thome, composer
Oct 19th - Annie S Peck, mountain climber/explorer/diplomat
Nov 5th - Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
Nov 8th - Karel Komzák II, Viennese composer, born in Prague (d. 1905)
Nov 9th - Lewis Lewin, Germany, toxicologist/father of psychopharmacologist
Nov 12th - Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
Novelist Robert Louis StevensonNovelist Robert Louis Stevenson (Nov 13th) Nov 13th - Robert Louis Stevenson, Edinburgh, Scotland, author (Treasure Island), (d. 1894)
Nov 20th - Arthur Goring Thomas, English composer
Nov 26th - Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Mar 14th - French writer and playwright Honoré de Balzac marries Ewelina Hańska in Berdyczów, Ukraine
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman (May 1st) May 1st - Soldier William Tecumseh Sherman (30) weds Eleanor Boyle Ewing in Washington, D.C.
Jun 13th - Poet laureate Alfred Tennyson (40) weds Emily Sellwood (36)
Jun 19th - Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina
Jul 22nd - Composer Stephen Foster (24) weds Jane Denny McDowell at Trinity Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 49 of 49

Jan 1st - Raphael G Kiesewetter, Austria musicologist, dies at 76
Jan 14th - Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
Jan 20th - Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
Jan 22nd - Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at 54
Jan 26th - Francis Jeffrey, Baron Jeffrey, judge/literary critic, dies
Jan 27th - J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
Jan 27th - Philipp Roth, composer, dies at 70
Feb 1st - Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, dies at 3
Feb 25th - Daoguang, Emperor of China (b. 1782)
Mar 3rd - Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
Mar 19th - Adalbert Gyrowetz, Bohemian composer, dies at 87
Mar 21st - Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
Mar 27th - Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
Mar 28th - Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)
Politician John C. CalhounPolitician John C. Calhoun (Mar 31st) Mar 31st - John C. Calhoun, American politician, dies of tuberculosis at 68
Apr 3rd - Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek, organist/pianist/composer, dies at 75
Apr 7th - William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
Apr 9th - William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
Apr 12th - Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary (b. 1788)
Apr 16th - Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud, maker of wax figures, dies at 88
Apr 23rd - William Wordsworth, poet, dies at 80
Apr 24th - Louis Alexandre Piccinni, composer, dies at 70
May 9th - Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, chemist/physicist, dies
May 24th - Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
Jun 4th - Willem F Mauritius HK, prince of Orange, dies at 74
Jun 12th - Jean V Constant de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader, dies at 77
Jun 16th - William Lawson explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)
Jun 18th - Antoni Weinert, composer, dies at 99
British Prime Minister Robert PeelBritish Prime Minister Robert Peel (Jul 2nd) Jul 2nd - Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62
Jul 4th - William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1759)
Jul 8th - Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
Jul 9th - Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab, Persian founder of Babism
Jul 9th - Zachary Taylor, 12th US president (1849-50), dies in White House at 65
Jul 14th - August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
Jul 19th - Giovanni Ossoli, Italian marquis/revolutionary, drowned
Jul 19th - [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary, dies
Jul 28th - Stefano Pavesi, composer, dies at 71
Aug 4th - Frantisek Tucek, composer, dies at 68
Aug 6th - Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)
Aug 17th - Jose de San Martin, South American revolutionary hero and general, dies at 72
Revolutionary Leader José de San MartínRevolutionary Leader José de San Martín (Aug 17th) Aug 18th - H de Balzac, writer, dies at 51
Aug 22nd - Nikolaus Lenau, writer, dies at 48
Aug 26th - Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
Sep 23rd - José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
Oct 2nd - Sarah Biffin/Beffin, limbless miniature painter, dies
Oct 11th - Louisa Maria, queen of Belgium (1832-50)/wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
Nov 5th - Ferdinand KJ, archduke of Austria, dies at 69
Nov 19th - Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
Dec 10th - François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (b. 1787)

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