What Happened in 1852

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
  • Jan 1 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • Jan 1 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • Jan 3 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • Jan 17 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • Feb 2 1st British public men's toilet opens (Fleet St London)
  • Feb 2 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • Feb 15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • Feb 16 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
  • Feb 19 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • Feb 26 British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive
  • Mar 1 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • Mar 3 14th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Miss Mowbray wins
  • Mar 7 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • Mar 13 Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Mar 25 Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • Mar 26 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • Mar 29 Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day
  • Apr 19 California Historical Society forms
  • Apr 29 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published
  • Apr 30 Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg
  • May 1 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation.
  • May 18 Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • Jul 3 Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 5 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 9 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada
  • Jul 23 1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • Jul 31 Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
  • Aug 1 SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • Aug 3 1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • Aug 13 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • Aug 21 Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.
  • Sep 3 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Sep 11 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • Sep 14 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • Sep 24 Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power
  • Sep 27 George L Aiken's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" premieres in Troy, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Oct 11 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • Oct 16 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 Franklin Pierce elected as president of US

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Nov 4 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.
  • Nov 18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • Nov 18 Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • Nov 20 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • Nov 21 Duke U, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • Nov 23 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m)
  • Dec 1 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • Dec 8 Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau
  • Dec 17 1st Hawaiian cavalry organized
  • Dec 23 1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
  • Dec 29 Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • Jan 8 James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • Jan 11 Konstantin Fehrenbach, German chancellor (1920-21)
  • Jan 12 Joseph J C Joffre, French fieldmarshal (Indo China, Marne)
  • Jan 26 Frederick Corder, composer
  • Jan 26 Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • Jan 29 Frederic Hymen Cowen, composer
  • Jan 29 Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian actor/playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa)
  • Feb 2 Teunis Stoel, actor/director (Small Theater, Rotterdam)
  • Feb 8 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russ author (Tjoma Kartashov) [NS=2/20]
  • Feb 12 Hendrik Blink, geographer (Van de Eems tot de Schelde)
  • Feb 13 Johan L E Dreyer, Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • Feb 16 Charles Taze Russell, religion founder (Jehovah's Witnesses)
  • Feb 16 William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • Feb 20 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov)
  • Feb 21 [James] Burner Matthews, US playwright/critic (NY Times)
  • Feb 22 Pieter K Pel, internist (Pel-Ebstein fever)
  • Feb 24 George A Moore, Ireland, painter/novelist (Esther Waters)
  • Feb 26 John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • Feb 29 Frank Gavan Duffy, Australian judge (d. 1936)
  • Mar 1 Theophile Delcasse, French statesman
  • Mar 5 Isabella Gregory, Ireland, writer/playwright (Golden Apple)
  • Mar 6 Joseph Bayer, composer
  • Mar 15 Augusta, Lady Gregory, Irish playwright, poet and patron of Yates, born in Roxborough, County Galway
  • Mar 22 Theodor Birt, [Beatus Rhenanus], German classical/writer
  • Apr 1 Edward Austin Abbey, US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • Apr 11 Cap Anson, American baseball player (d. 1922)
  • Apr 12 [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician
  • Apr 13 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • Apr 14 Henrique Oswald, composer
  • Apr 18 George Clausen, painter
  • Apr 22 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • Apr 23 Edwin Markham, US, poet (1st winner of American Acad of Poets Award 1937)
  • May 1 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman (Wild Bill Hickok), born in Princeton, Missouri (d. 1903)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Calamity Jane
  • May 4 Alice Pleasance Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934)
  • May 11 Charles Warren Fairbanks, (R) 26th US VP (1905-09)
  • May 18 Gertrude Käsebier, pioneering American photgrapher, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • May 22 Emile Sauret, composer
  • May 24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • May 25 William Muldoon, US wrestler and owner of NY health institute "The Olympia," (d. 1933)
  • May 27 Billy Barnes, cricketer (England all-rounder 1880-90)
  • May 29 Jindrich z Albestu Kaan, composer
  • May 31 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)
  • Jun 20 Theodorus Heemskerk Jzn, minister of interior (1866..88) [or Jul 20]
  • Jun 23 Stephane Raoul Pugno, composer
  • Jun 24 Victor Adler, Austrian Foreign minister (1918)
  • Jun 25 Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect (d. 1926)
  • Jun 28 Hans Huber, Swiss composer, born in Eppenberg-Wöschnau (d. 1921)
  • Jul 5 Stefano Gobatti, composer
  • Jul 6 John Albert Delany, composer
  • Jul 10 Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter, German foreign minister

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 12 Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1933)

Argentine President Hipólito Yrigoyen
Argentine President
Hipólito Yrigoyen
  • Jul 20 Theodorus Heemskerk Jzn, lawyer/Dutch premier (AR, 1908-13) [or 1/20]=
  • Aug 8 Barend Barendse, actor/director (Wandering Jew)
  • Aug 21 Benedetto Junck, composer
  • Aug 22 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy)
  • Aug 23 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, born in London (d. 1883)
  • Aug 23 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia. (d. 1913)
  • Aug 24 Deacon White, American baseball player (d. 1919)
  • Aug 30 Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Neth, physical chemist (Nobel 1901)
  • Aug 31 Georges/Joris Helleputte, Belgian Catholic minister
  • Sep 2 Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic (d. 1935)
  • Sep 8 Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (d. 1919)
  • Sep 10 Alice Brown Davis, Seminole chief (d. 1935)
  • Sep 12 Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (L, 1908-16), (d. 1928)
  • Sep 15 Jan E Matzeliger, Surinamese inventor (shoe lacing machine)
  • Sep 15 Edward Bouchet, American physicist (d. 1918)
  • Sep 20 Edouard baron Empain, Belgian railway builder (Paris Metro)
  • Sep 23 William Stewart Halsted, established 1st US surgical school
  • Sep 25 Cornelis J Snijders, supreme commander of Dutch Navy (1910-18)
  • Sep 25 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy)
  • Sep 28 John [Denton Pinkstone] French, Earl of Ypres/British field marshall

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 28 Henri Moissan [Ferdinand-Frederic-], chemist (Nobel 1906), born in Paris, France (d. 1907)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • Sep 30 Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish organist/composer
  • Oct 2 William Ramsay, chemist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 9 Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist,Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Euskirchen, Rhine Province (d. 1919)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Hermann Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Hermann Emil Fischer
  • Oct 15 Wilhelm Posse, composer
  • Oct 23 Jean-Louis Forain, French etcher/lithographer
  • Oct 31 Mary E W Freeman, US writer (Revolt of Mother)
  • Nov 3 Mutsuhito, 122nd emperor of Japan (1867-1912)
  • Nov 7 Bohdan Borkowski, composer
  • Nov 11 Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
  • Nov 21 Francisco Tarrega y Eixea, composer
  • Nov 22 Paul H B d'Estornelles de Constant, French diplomat/pacifist
  • Nov 25 Johan N Salvator, [Johann Orth], archduke of Austria
  • Nov 29 Paul Joseph Guillaume Hillemacher, composer
  • Dec 4 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)
  • Dec 5 Thomas Linnemann Laub, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 15 Henri Becquerel [Antoine ], discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), (d. 1908)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • Dec 15 Tewfik Pasja, khedive (viceroy) of Egypt
  • Dec 18 Gaetano Coronaro, composer
  • Dec 19 A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 30 Future US President Rutherford B. Hayes (30) weds teetotaler and abolitionist Lucy Webb (21)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes

Famous Deaths

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 6 Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind and inventor of braille (b. 1809)

Braille Inventor Louis Braille
Braille Inventor
Louis Braille
  • Jan 22 George Rodwell, composer, dies at 51
  • Jan 25 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer who discovered the continent of Antarctica dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Francois MP Liberman, French founder (Congr of H Heart), dies at 49
  • Feb 17 Micha Joseph Levenson, Hebrew poet, dies
  • Feb 25 Thomas Moore, Irish poet and musician, dies at 72
  • Feb 27 Joseph Drechsler, composer, dies at 69
  • Feb 29 John Landseer, printer/engraver (Royal Academy), dies
  • Mar 4 Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer and playwright, dies at 43
  • Mar 12 Juan Bros y Bertomel, composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 25 Alexis Garaude, composer, dies at 73
  • Apr 2 Theodor Althaus, writer, dies
  • Apr 9 John Howard Payne, American actor, playwright (Fair Warning), author and creator of the hit song "Home! Sweet Home!", dies at 60
  • Apr 19 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • Apr 21 Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • Apr 24 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • May 6 Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens, composer, dies at 75
  • May 12 John Richardson, Canadian writer (War of 1812), dies
  • Jun 5 Tomasz Napoleon Nidecki, composer, dies at 45
  • Jun 6 Tommaso Marchesi, composer, dies at 79
  • Jun 11 Karl Briullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 29 Henry Clay, American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", dies of tuberculosis at 75

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Jul 5 Johann Baptist Weigl, composer, dies at 69
  • Jul 9 Thompson McKennan, American politician who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior, dies at 58
  • Jul 19 Anne-Francois Mellinet, French/Belgian general (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • Jul 22 Auguste Marmont, French marshal (b. 1774)
  • Aug 5 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech slavist/poet, dies at 53
  • Aug 11 Nicolaas Plomp, Dutch architect (Strugle), dies at 70
  • Aug 15 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • Sep 4 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 14 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30) dies at 83

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • Sep 14 James F Cooper, writer, dies at 62
  • Sep 14 Augustus Pugin, English architect (b. 1812)
  • Sep 20 Philander Chase, American university founder (b. 1775)
  • Sep 22 William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer (b. 1783)
  • Sep 28 Johann Friedrich Schwencke, composer, dies at 60
  • Oct 11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
  • Oct 22 Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king, dies at 86

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 24 Daniel Webster, lawyer/speaker/minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 70

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Oct 28 Gerhard M Roentgen, founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57
  • Nov 2 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (b. 1782)
  • Nov 12 Georg Hellmesberger, composer, dies at 22
  • Nov 18 Anton Bernhard Furstenau, composer, dies at 60
  • Nov 22 August Alexander Klengel, composer, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 27 Ada Lovelace, British mathematician (b. 1815)

Mathematician, Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician, Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • Nov 28 Ludger Duvernay, French printer and newspaper publisher (b. 1799)
  • Dec 16 Andries H Potgieter, South African/Transvaal explorer, dies at 59
  • Dec 16 Henri-Jean Rigel, composer, dies at 80