What Happened in July 1853

Historical Events


Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 6 National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 6 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • Jul 9 Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
  • Jul 14 1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace
  • Jul 14 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 US President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Jul 14 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • Jul 18 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
  • Jul 25 Joaquin Murrieta, the famous California bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed by California Rangers

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1902)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • Jul 7 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • Jul 17 Francesco Fanciulli, composer
  • Jul 18 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Holland, physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • Jul 20 Geo[rge] Poggenbeek, Dutch water colors painter
  • Jul 22 Victor Roger, composer
  • Jul 23 William Gillette, American actor, playwright and manager (Sherlock Holmes on stage), born in Hartford, Connecticut, (d. 1937)
  • Jul 27 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (d. 1921)
  • Jul 29 Esther de Boer-van Rijk, Dutch actress (Kniertje-Hope of Blessing), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • Jul 29 Henry Morton Dunham, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 23 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (b. 1798)
  • Jul 25 Joaquin Murieta, Mexican born Californian outlaw