What Happened in December 1854

Historical Events

  • Dec 3 Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.
  • Dec 5 Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
  • Dec 8 Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 9 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" published

  • Dec 15 1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
  • Dec 19 Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
  • Dec 26 Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
  • Dec 30 Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 9 Pekka Hannikainen, composer
  • Dec 23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 9 Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)