What Happened in February 1854

Historical Events

  • Feb 2 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • Feb 4 Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party", Ripon, Wisc
  • Feb 6 Composer Robert Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine
  • Feb 11 Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 16 Franz Liszt's symphony "Orpheus" premieres

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt
  • Feb 17 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • Feb 22 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)
  • Feb 23 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • Feb 27 Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
  • Feb 28 Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 9 Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
  • Feb 9 Edward Carson, 1st Baron Carson, lawyer/leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • Feb 16 Oscar Fetras, composer
  • Feb 17 Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer
  • Feb 20 Louis F M van Westerhoven, actor/singer/opera director (Youth)
  • Feb 24 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • Feb 28 Juliusz Zarebski, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 4 Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer, dies at 66
  • Feb 17 Hugues F R de Lamennais, French priest/writer, dies at 71
  • Feb 17 John Martin, English painter (b. 1789)