What Happened in October 1854

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4 Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Oct 6 The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
  • Oct 9 The siege of Sebastopol begins (Crimean War)
  • Oct 10 US Assay Office in NY City, NY opens
  • Oct 12 Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War

  • Oct 23 The Times gives precise British positions in Crimea
  • Oct 25 Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaclava, Crimean War), 409 die
  • Oct 25 Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 William Crawford Gorgas, US, Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever
  • Oct 7 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • Oct 10 Jeronimo Gimenez y Bellido, composer
  • Oct 16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 16 Oscar Wilde, [Fingal O'Flahertie Wills], (The Picture of Dorian Gray), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1900)

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Oct 18 Bill Murdoch, cricketer (great pioneer of Australian Test cricket)
  • Oct 18 Salomon August Andrée, Swedish engineer, balloonist and polar explorer, born in Gränna, Sweden (d. 1897)
  • Oct 20 Alphonse Allais, French author/humorist (Pass the Bile)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • Oct 24 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • Oct 26 August T C Kiehl, Dutch actor (Pearl of Zaandam)
  • Oct 26 C. W. Post, American entrepreneur (d. 1914)
  • Oct 27 Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
  • Oct 31 Georg A Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 22 Jeremias Gotthelf [Albert Bitzius], Swiss writer (The Black Spider), dies at 57
  • Oct 28 James P Carrell, composer, dies at 67