What Happened in 1861

Significant Events

  • Feb 18 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy
  • Feb 19 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
  • Mar 3 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granted them the full rights of free citizens [OS=Feb 19]
  • Mar 4 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th US President
  • Mar 10 West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
  • Mar 17 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Apr 23 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Jul 16 Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • Oct 26 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record
More Historical Events

World Leaders in 1861

Famous People in 1861

Famous Weddings