What Happened in 1861

Significant Events

  • Feb 18 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy
  • Feb 19 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
  • Mar 3 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granted them the full rights of free citizens [OS=Feb 19]
  • Mar 4 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the 16th US President
  • Mar 10 West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
  • Mar 17 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Apr 23 Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Jul 21 First Battle of Bull Run [Battle of First Manassas], 1st major battle of the US Civil War is fought near Manassas, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • Oct 26 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record
More Historical Events

World Leaders in 1861

Famous People in 1861

Would You Believe?

Nurse Sally Tompkins is officially commissioned as an officer (and its only woman officer) by the Confederate US Army

On September 9, 1861

Famous Weddings