What Happened in August 1861

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Brazil recognizes Confederacy
  • Aug 2 Skirmish at Dug Springs, MI
  • Aug 3 Federal fleet bombards Galveston, Texas
  • Aug 5 Enlistment increases from 3 months to 2 years
  • Aug 5 Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade
  • Aug 5 US Army abolishes flogging
  • Aug 5 US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800)
  • Aug 6 US Congress passes First Confiscation Act
  • Aug 6 Lexington, Kentucky - Union military camp forms in neutral state
  • Aug 6 The British annex Lagos, Nigeria.
  • Aug 10 Battle of Wilson's Creek (Oak Hills) Missouri during US Civil War - General Lyon killed
  • Aug 12 Skirmish at Texas - rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
  • Aug 14 79th NY troops mutinies
  • Aug 14 Martial Law is declared at St Louis, Missouri, due to pro-secession sentiment which surged throughout Missouri after the Battle of Wilson's Creek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 Abraham Lincoln orders reinforcements be sent to Missouri

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Aug 16 President Abraham Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy
  • Aug 16 Skirmishes at Fredericktown/Kirkville, Missouri
  • Aug 19 Confederacy Congress allies with government of MO
  • Aug 20 Skirmish at Jonesboro, MO
  • Aug 27 Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • Aug 28 Battle of Fort Hatteras,NC
  • Aug 29 American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • Aug 30 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Sam Jones, cricketer (Australian batsman of 1880's)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 6 Edith Roosevelt, US First Lady and wife of Teddy Roosevelt, born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1948)

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt
First Lady of the United States
Edith Roosevelt
  • Aug 8 William Bateson, English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • Aug 9 Wilhelm Berger, German composer, pianist and conductor, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • Aug 10 Almroth Wright, Yorkshire England, bacteriologist

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 10 Nathaniel Lyon, US Union brig-gen, dies in battle at 43
  • Aug 12 Eliphalet Remington, American inventor, designer of the Remington rifle (b. 1793)
  • Aug 17 AlcĂ©e Louis la Branche, American Politician (b. 1806)
  • Aug 22 Xianfeng, Emperor of China (b. 1831)
  • Aug 29 Franz Joseph Glaser, composer, dies at 63