What Happened in December 1861

Historical Events

  • Dec 9 Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • Dec 9 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • Dec 13 Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV
  • Dec 19 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • Dec 20 Battle of Dranesville, VA
  • Dec 30 US banks stops payments in gold
  • Dec 31 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 4 Lillian Russell, [Helen Leonard], US, singer/actress (Great Mogul)
  • Dec 5 Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)
  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, France, painter/sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 8 George Melies, early filmmaker (A trip to the Moon), born in Paris, France
  • Dec 15 Charles Edgar Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 17 Fritz Volbach, German musicologist/conductor/composer
  • Dec 18 Lionel Monckton, composer
  • Dec 19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 14 Albert, Prince consort of England and husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 14 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dies at 76

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • Dec 14 Heinrich August Marschner, composer, dies at 66
  • Dec 15 Gualtiero Sanelli, composer, dies at 45
  • Dec 16 Karol Joseph Lipinski, composer, dies at 71
  • Dec 26 Philip St George Cocke, Confederate brig-gen, commits suicide at 52