What Happened in December 1861

Historical Events

  • 9th Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • 9th American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 13th Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV
  • 19th Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • 20th Battle of Dranesville, VA
  • 30th US banks stops payments in gold
  • 31st 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record

Famous Birthdays

  • 4th Lillian Russell, [Helen Leonard], US, singer/actress (Great Mogul)
  • 5th Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)
  • 8th Aristide Maillol, France, painter/sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • 8th William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 8th George Melies, early filmmaker (A trip to the Moon), born in Paris, France
  • 15th Charles Edgar Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • 16th Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • 17th Fritz Volbach, German musicologist/conductor/composer
  • 18th Lionel Monckton, composer
  • 19th Constance [Clara] Garnett, Brighton England, Russian-English translator
  • 19th Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 20th Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
  • 22nd Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • 25th Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • 26th Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)

Famous Deaths

  • 14th Albert, Prince consort of England and husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42
  • 14th George HG earl of Aberdeen, Engl Minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 76
  • 14th Heinrich August Marschner, composer, dies at 66
  • 15th Gualtiero Sanelli, composer, dies at 45
  • 16th Karol Joseph Lipinski, composer, dies at 71
  • 26th Philip St George Cocke, Confederate brig-gen, commits suicide at 52