What Happened in February 1861

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
  • Feb 1 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 4 Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time; Jefferson Davis elected President of Confederacy (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Feb 5 Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia
  • Feb 5 Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress (US Civil War)
  • Feb 6 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • Feb 6 British Vice-Admiral Robert Fitzroy issues first storm warnings for ships
  • Feb 8 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
  • Feb 9 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • Feb 9 Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)

AgreementConstitution of the United States

Feb 9 Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)

  • Feb 11 President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 11 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
  • Feb 12 State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas, during the US Civil War
  • Feb 13 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Abraham Lincoln declared US president in Washington, D.C.

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Feb 13 Col Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
  • Feb 15 Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
  • Feb 18 Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • Feb 19 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
  • Feb 20 Department of Navy of Confederacy forms (US Civil War)
  • Feb 21 Steeple of Chichester Cathedral collapses despite the desperate efforts of 70 workmen
  • Feb 21 Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
  • Feb 22 On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
  • Feb 23 Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
  • Feb 27 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • Feb 27 US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
  • Feb 28 Territories of Nevada & Colorado created

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 2 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • Feb 2 Solomon R Guggenheim, philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)
  • Feb 12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • Feb 13 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
  • Feb 15 Halford John Mackinder, Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
  • Feb 17 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • Feb 20 Nicolaas van Meeteren, Curacao, folklorist
  • Feb 21 Pierre Breville, composer
  • Feb 26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Feb 27 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 10 Francis Danby, Exmouth, painter, dies
  • Feb 12 Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard, composer, dies at 72
  • Feb 18 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal affairs, dies at 74