What Happened in July 1861

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
  • Jul 1 US War Dept decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • Jul 2 Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory
  • Jul 3 Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • Jul 3 Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY
  • Jul 3 Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
  • Jul 4 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • Jul 4 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, WV
  • Jul 5 Battle of Carthage, MO - US Gen Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • Jul 7 Battle of Laurel Hill, VA
  • Jul 8 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory
  • Jul 8 Skirmish at Florida, MI - A rebel encampment is attacked & dispersed
  • Jul 10 Lincoln writes to Kentucky's militia & says Union troops will not enter that state
  • Jul 11 Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - Gen Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • Jul 11 Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • Jul 13 Battle of Corrick's Ford, VA (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia CS20 US53
  • Jul 14 Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
  • Jul 14 Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • Jul 16 Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • Jul 16 Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]
  • Jul 17 US Congress authorizes paper money
  • Jul 17 Manassas, VA Gen Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, Gen Johnston is ordered to Manassas
  • Jul 18 Battle of Blackburn's Ford, VA US57 CS68 - Manassas -
  • Jul 20 Confederate states' congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va
  • Jul 21 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins
  • Jul 24 Skirmish at Taylor Mountain, (W)VA - CS Gen Wise retreats
  • Jul 25 Washington, D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union & uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • Jul 25 Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, NM Terr - Rebels attack Union troops
  • Jul 27 Battle of Mathias Point, VA - Rebel forces repel a Federal landing
  • Jul 27 Battle of St Augustine Springs, NM Terr
  • Jul 27 Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 Union General George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potamic Army

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jul 31 9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Samuel D Riddle, horse owner (Man 'o War)
  • Jul 3 Peter Jackson, heavyweight boxer (hall of famer)
  • Jul 11 George William Norris, (Rep/Sen-Neb) (Lame duck-amendement)
  • Jul 12 Anton Stepanovich Arensky, composer
  • Jul 23 Alexander W F Idenburg, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1909-16)
  • Jul 25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Anstruther Scotland, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault
  • Jul 29 Alica Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, 1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Peter A de Genestet, vicar/poet, dies at 31
  • Jul 7 John Willis Ellis, US governor of NC (1858-61), dies
  • Jul 13 Robert Selden Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • Jul 21 Francis Stebbins Bartow, Confederate colonel, dies in battle at 44
  • Jul 22 Barnard Elliot Bee, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 37
  • Jul 25 Jonas Furrer, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1805)