What Happened in October 1861

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 Former US VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • Oct 6 Naval Engagement at Charleston, SC, USS Flag vs BR Alert
  • Oct 6 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • Oct 11 Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • Oct 12 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
  • Oct 16 Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • Oct 21 Battle of Balls Bluff, VA (Leesburg, Harrison's Island)
  • Oct 22 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed
  • Oct 24 First US transcontinental telegram is sent (from San Francisco to Washington, D.C.)
  • Oct 24 West Virginia seceded from Virginia
  • Oct 25 First Battle of Springfield in Missouri during US Civil War, Union victory
  • Oct 25 Telegraph message sent from St Louis to SF
  • Oct 25 The Toronto Stock Exchange created.
  • Oct 26 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 4 Frederic Remington, US, artist/sculptor of American West
  • Oct 4 Joao Marcellino Arroyo, composer
  • Oct 8 Theodore Roberts, actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments), born in San Francisco, California

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 10 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania (d. 1930)

Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate
Fridtjof Nansen
  • Oct 14 Bjarni Thorsteinsson, composer
  • Oct 14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • Oct 16 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • Oct 26 Richard D Sears, tennis champ, US Open (1881), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Oct 29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • Oct 30 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • Oct 6 Elias Canneman, liberal minister of Finance (1813-14), dies at 84
  • Oct 21 Edward Dickinson Baker, US attorney/senator, dies in battle at 50
  • Oct 21 John Breckinridge Grayson, Confederate brig-general, dies
  • Oct 25 Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer, dies at 82