What Happened in 1861 (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 267

  • Apr 29 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 30 President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)
  • May 1 Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper's Ferry
  • May 3 Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
  • May 3 Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers & another 18,000 seamen
  • May 4 At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
  • May 5 Alexandria, VA - CS troops abandon city
  • May 6 Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between the Union & the Confederacy

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • May 7 Riot occurs between prosecessionist & Union supporters in Knoxville TN
  • May 8 Richmond, Virginia, is named the capital of the Confederacy
  • May 10 Union troops march on state militia in St Louis, MI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13 Queen Victoria announces Britain's position of neutrality

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • May 13 The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.
  • May 14 The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.
  • May 16 Twiggs Surrender, San Antonio, Texas during US Civil war
  • May 16 Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • May 16 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality
  • May 18 Battle of Sewall's Point VA-1st Federal offense against South
  • May 18 Friedrich Hebbel's "Kriemhildes Rache" premieres in Weimar
  • May 20 Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
  • May 20 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
  • May 20 North Carolina becomes 11th & last state to secede from Union
  • May 20 US marshals appropriate previous year's telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence
  • May 21 Richmond, Va, is designated Confederate Capital
  • May 23 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
  • May 23 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union
  • May 24 Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops
  • May 24 Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
  • May 25 John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ
  • May 26 US Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South
  • May 26 Union blockades New Orleans LA & Mobile AL
  • May 29 Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for Union Army
  • May 31 Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • May 31 Mint at New Orleans closes
  • Jun 1 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
  • Jun 1 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • Jun 1 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
  • Jun 1 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • Jun 3 1st Civil War land battle-Union defeats Confederacy at Philippi, WV
  • Jun 5 Federal marshals seize arms & gunpower at Du Pont works DE
  • Jun 6 Lincoln's cabinet declares Union government will pay for expenses once states have mobilized volunteers
  • Jun 8 US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • Jun 8 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union.
  • Jun 10 Battle of Big Bethel VA (Bethel Church, Great Bethal)-Union retreats
  • Jun 12 Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Harpers Ferry evacuated by rebels in face of General George McClellan's advance

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jun 15 Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry
  • Jun 16 Battle of Vienna, VA & Secessionville, SC (James Island)
  • Jun 17 Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • Jun 19 Anaheim Post Office established
  • Jun 19 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • Jun 24 Battle of Mathias Point, VA-US attacks Confederate batteries
  • Jun 24 Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from Union
  • Jun 25 Western Virginia campaign
  • Jun 28 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • Jun 30 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
  • Jul 1 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
  • Jul 1 US War Dept decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • Jul 2 Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory
  • Jul 3 Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • Jul 3 Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY
  • Jul 3 Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
  • Jul 4 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • Jul 4 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, WV
  • Jul 5 Battle of Carthage, MO - US Gen Sigel attacks pro-secessionist
  • Jul 7 Battle of Laurel Hill, VA
  • Jul 8 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory
  • Jul 8 Skirmish at Florida, MI - A rebel encampment is attacked & dispersed
  • Jul 10 Lincoln writes to Kentucky's militia & says Union troops will not enter that state
  • Jul 11 Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - Gen Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • Jul 11 Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • Jul 13 Battle of Corrick's Ford, VA (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia CS20 US53
  • Jul 14 Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
  • Jul 14 Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • Jul 16 Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • Jul 16 Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]
  • Jul 17 US Congress authorizes paper money
  • Jul 17 Manassas, VA Gen Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, Gen Johnston is ordered to Manassas
  • Jul 18 Battle of Blackburn's Ford, VA US57 CS68 - Manassas -
  • Jul 20 Confederate states' congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va
  • Jul 21 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins
  • Jul 24 Skirmish at Taylor Mountain, (W)VA - CS Gen Wise retreats
  • Jul 25 Washington, D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union & uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • Jul 25 Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, NM Terr - Rebels attack Union troops
  • Jul 27 Battle of Mathias Point, VA - Rebel forces repel a Federal landing
  • Jul 27 Battle of St Augustine Springs, NM Terr
  • Jul 27 Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico
  • Jul 27 Union General George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potamic Army
  • Jul 31 9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record
  • Aug 1 Brazil recognizes Confederacy
  • Aug 2 Skirmish at Dug Springs, MI
  • Aug 3 Federal fleet bombards Galveston, Texas
  • Aug 5 Enlistment increases from 3 months to 2 years
  • Aug 5 Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade
  • Aug 5 US Army abolishes flogging
  • Aug 5 US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800)
  • Aug 6 US Congress passes First Confiscation Act
  • Aug 6 Lexington, Kentucky - Union military camp forms in neutral state
  • Aug 6 The British annex Lagos, Nigeria.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 113 of 113

  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, France, painter/sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 8 George Melies, early filmmaker (A trip to the Moon), born in Paris, France
  • Dec 15 Charles Edgar Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 17 Fritz Volbach, German musicologist/conductor/composer
  • Dec 18 Lionel Monckton, composer
  • Dec 19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)

Famous Weddings

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Famous Deaths

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